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Sunday, September 30 2018
A Bible Journey, 43: Joseph And Benjamin - Brothers Of The Rachel Prophecies
"And he lifted up his eyes, and saw his brother Benjamin, his mother's son"
Joseph's half brothers (all had the same father, Jacob/Israel, but they were born from four wives; see The Mothers Of The Patriarchs: Zilpah and The Mothers Of The Patriarchs: Bilhah and The Mothers Of The Patriarchs: Rachel and The Mothers Of The Patriarchs: Leah) returned to the land of Canaan with the food supplies that Joseph had provided to them (see A Bible Journey, 42: The Prophecy Of The Sheaves Fulfilled). It was however just a temporary reprieve from starvation that would require a return journey to Egypt.
"43:1 And the famine was sore in the land.
Simeon had remained in Egypt as a hostage, as commanded by Joseph, so that, apart from the food that they had to return to purchase, the one brother that had not made the first journey, Joseph's full brother Benjamin (Joseph and Benjamin were the sons of Jacob with Rachel), would be required to go. Jacob, whose family had a history of blatant favoritism between sons, seemed willing to settle with losing Simeon, rather than seemingly jeopardizing Benjamin, the brother of his favorite son, Joseph, who, unknown to them, was masterminding the entire situation. Starvation forced Jacob to do it.
"43:3 And Judah spake unto him, saying, The man did solemnly protest unto us, saying, Ye shall not see my face, except your brother be with you. 43:4 If thou wilt send our brother with us, we will go down and buy thee food: 43:5 But if thou wilt not send him, we will not go down: for the man said unto us, Ye shall not see my face, except your brother be with you.
Israel finally agreed to the journey. He told his sons to take "a little balm, and a little honey, spices, and myrrh, nuts, and almonds" - things that were in storage, but which were obviously in themselves insufficient, or insufficient in quantity, for their survival.
"43:8 And Judah said unto Israel his father, Send the lad with me, and we will arise and go; that we may live, and not die, both we, and thou, and also our little ones. 43:9 I will be surety for him; of my hand shalt thou require him: if I bring him not unto thee, and set him before thee, then let me bear the blame for ever: 43:10 For except we had lingered, surely now we had returned this second time.
They then departed with "double money in their hand" (as people have learned throughout history, money alone is no guarantee against starvation) and something far more precious to Jacob - Benjamin.
"43:15 And the men took that present, and they took double money in their hand, and Benjamin; and rose up, and went down to Egypt, and stood before Joseph. 43:16 And when Joseph saw Benjamin with them, he said to the ruler of his house, Bring these men home, and slay, and make ready; for these men shall dine with me at noon.
When the brothers arrived, they immediately sought to return the payment money that they found in the purchased food sacks during their first journey. Simeon, who had spent some lengthy time in prison, was then released.
"43:19 And they came near to the steward of Joseph's house, and they communed with him at the door of the house, 43:20 And said, O sir, we came indeed down at the first time to buy food: 43:21 And it came to pass, when we came to the inn, that we opened our sacks, and, behold, every man's money was in the mouth of his sack, our money in full weight: and we have brought it again in our hand. 43:22 And other money have we brought down in our hands to buy food: we cannot tell who put our money in our sacks.
When Joseph arrived, "they bowed down their heads, and made obeisance" - thereby again fulfilling Joseph's prophetic dream that they would do so. Joseph, at that point, obviously had little love for imprisoned Simeon, and little more for the brothers who sold him away into slavery, but the sight of his own full brother Benjamin caused an emotional response in the by-then hardened Prime Minister of Egypt: "He entered into his chamber, and wept there." A great feast was then held, not as a celebration, but as the stage for the final act of Joseph's reuniting with his family.
"43:26 And when Joseph came home, they brought him the present which was in their hand into the house, and bowed themselves to him to the earth. 43:27 And he asked them of their welfare, and said, Is your father well, the old man of whom ye spake? Is he yet alive?
Fact Finder: Was Benjamin the only son of Jacob / Israel to be born in what later became the land of Israel? How were the tragic circumstances of his birth (i.e. the death of his mother Rachel, who was also the mother of Joseph) applied to prophecies that were fulfilled at the time of the birth of the Messiah? How did Jacob's loss of Rachel cause Jacob to adopt, in effect promote from grandsons to sons, Joseph's two sons, Ephraim and Manasseh, to sons?
This Day In History, September 30
425: Church of Rome (which was created by the Roman Emperor Constantine; see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy) theologian Jerome died at about age 65. He produced the Roman Catholic Latin Vulgate version of the Bible (ironically, most Roman Catholics do not own, let alone read, the Holy Bible).
489: The Battle of Verona. The Ostrogoths under King Theodoric defeated the forces of Odoacer. The Goths were a Germanic nation (people) of ancient Europe. Their two major tribal branches, the Visigoths and the Ostrogoths, were involved in the defeat of the Western Roman Empire during the Gothic Wars.
1399: Henry Bolingbroke succeeded to the English throne as Henry IV after Richard II abdicated the day before.
1452: The Gutenberg Bible was published.
1541: Spanish conquistador Hernando de Soto and his army entered Tula territory in what is present-day western Arkansas.
1630: John Billington, one of the pilgrims aboard the Mayflower, became the first criminal to be hung in the "New World" after he was found guilty of murder (to understand the actual Biblical meaning of "pilgrim," see The Pilgrims).
1846: Ether was first used as an anesthetic. Dr. William Morton, a dentist in Massachusetts, was the first to use anesthesia to extract a tooth.
1871: British garrison troops throughout Canada returned to Britain and were replaced with Canadian militia, who then formed the Canadian Army - small in peace time, big in war, or if invaded e.g. during the Second World War, Canada had an army, navy (with 3 aircraft carriers through the "Cold War" era) and air force of 1 million military personnel, plus another million civilians as homeland defense militia. Canada has not been invaded in 2 centuries (the last to do so was the U.S. during the War of 1812).
1888: The serial killer known as Jack the Ripper murdered his third and fourth victims, Elizabeth Stride and Catherine Eddowes, in London.
1895: Madagascar became a French protectorate.
1907: Scottish-born Alexander Graham Bell, who invented the telephone in Brantford, Ontario, established the Aerial Experimental Association at Baddeck, Nova Scotia. Bell carried on developmental work on aircraft, experimenting with rockets, kites and gliders (Bell is buried in Nova Scotia).
1938 The League of Nations unanimously outlawed the "intentional bombing of civilian populations." The law was ignored by every war-making nation on Earth, then and ever since.
1938: The Munich Agreement was signed by Adolf Hitler of Germany, Benito Mussolini of Italy, Neville Chamberlain of Britain and Edward Daladier of France. It permitted Germany to occupy the Sudetenland, a border region of Czechoslovakia that contained 3,000,000 ethnic Germans.
1946: An international military tribunal at Nuremberg, Germany, found 22 Nazi leaders guilty of war crimes.
1949: The Berlin Airlift ended. Allied aircraft made 277,214 flights to deliver 2,323,738 tons of supplies to Berlin whose land access routes had been cut off by a Soviet blockade.
1952: The Revised Standard Version of the Bible was published in its entirety. The New Testament of the RSV had been available since 1946.
1954: West Germany became a member of NATO.
1962: Mexican-U.S. labor leader Cesar Chavez founded the National Farm Workers Association (later known as the United Farm Workers).
1966: Nazi war criminals Albert Speer and Baldur von Schrach were released from Spandau prison after 20 year sentences. Their departure left only 1 prisoner, Rudolf Hess, in the prison built for 600 prisoners. Hess died in 1987 at the age of 93 by hanging himself with a lamp cord in the prison reading room.
1980: Israel (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Israel Of Judah and Jews - Three Tribes and Three Meanings) introduced the shekel as the nation's monetary unit, replacing the Israeli pound. The shekel was the name of the ancient Israelite monetary unit as recorded in the Bible.
1993: A series of earthquakes struck southwest India. 10,000 bodies were recovered, but an estimated 22,000 people were killed.
1999: Japan's second-worst nuclear accident occurred at a uranium reprocessing facility in Tokai-mura, northeast of Tokyo.
2009: A major earthquake struck Sumatra; over 1,100 people were killed.