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Thursday, October 4 2018

A Bible Journey, 46: The Family At The Heart Of A Nation

"All the souls of the house of Jacob, which came into Egypt, were threescore and ten"

The Israelites left Egypt in the Exodus as a great multitude. It was in fact their vast numbers that caused the Pharaoh at that time to fear them (see Why Were The Israelites Made Slaves In Egypt?).

But when the Israelites entered Egypt, 400 years before their Exodus out of Egypt, they were a poor, literally-starving family clan of only about 70 people. They had no power. No one had cause to fear the Israelite foreigners - yet. The LORD however had plans for the family of Jacob / Israel in Egypt: "Go down into Egypt; for I will there make of thee a great nation."

Egyptian Woman

"46:1 And Israel took his journey with all that he had, and came to Beersheba, and offered sacrifices unto the God of his father Isaac.

46:2 And God spake unto Israel in the visions of the night, and said, Jacob, Jacob.

And he said, Here am I.

46:3 And he said, I am God, the God of thy father: fear not to go down into Egypt; for I will there make of thee a great nation: 46:4 I will go down with thee into Egypt; and I will also surely bring thee up again: and Joseph shall put his hand upon thine eyes." (Genesis 46:1-4 KJV)

So Jacob and his children and grandchildren "took their cattle, and their goods, which they had gotten in the land of Canaan, and came into Egypt, Jacob, and all his seed with him."

"46:5 And Jacob rose up from Beersheba: and the sons of Israel carried Jacob their father, and their little ones, and their wives, in the wagons which Pharaoh had sent to carry him. 46:6 And they took their cattle, and their goods, which they had gotten in the land of Canaan, and came into Egypt, Jacob, and all his seed with him: 46:7 His sons, and his sons' sons with him, his daughters, and his sons' daughters, and all his seed brought he with him into Egypt." (Genesis 46:5-7 KJV)

The first census of "Israel" was simply that of Jacob's family.

"46:8 And these are the names of the children of Israel, which came into Egypt, Jacob and his sons:

Reuben, Jacob's firstborn.

46:9 And the sons of Reuben; Hanoch, and Phallu, and Hezron, and Carmi.

46:10 And the sons of Simeon; Jemuel, and Jamin, and Ohad, and Jachin, and Zohar, and Shaul the son of a Canaanitish woman.

46:11 And the sons of Levi; Gershon, Kohath, and Merari [see also The Origin Of The Levite Priesthood].

46:12 And the sons of Judah; Er, and Onan, and Shelah, and Pharez, and Zerah: but Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan [to understand the origin of "Jews," see A Bible Journey, 38: Judah's Children]. And the sons of Pharez were Hezron and Hamul.

46:13 And the sons of Issachar; Tola, and Phuvah, and Job, and Shimron.

46:14 And the sons of Zebulun; Sered, and Elon, and Jahleel.

46:15 These be the sons of Leah, which she bare unto Jacob in Padanaram, with his daughter Dinah: all the souls of his sons and his daughters were thirty and three.

46:16 And the sons of Gad; Ziphion, and Haggi, Shuni, and Ezbon, Eri, and Arodi, and Areli.

46:17 And the sons of Asher; Jimnah, and Ishuah, and Isui, and Beriah, and Serah their sister: and the sons of Beriah; Heber, and Malchiel.

46:18 These are the sons of Zilpah, whom Laban gave to Leah his daughter, and these she bare unto Jacob, even sixteen souls.

46:19 The sons of Rachel Jacob's wife; Joseph, and Benjamin.

46:20 And unto Joseph in the land of Egypt were born Manasseh and Ephraim, which Asenath the daughter of Potipherah priest of On bare unto him.

46:21 And the sons of Benjamin were Belah, and Becher, and Ashbel, Gera, and Naaman, Ehi, and Rosh, Muppim, and Huppim, and Ard.

Egypt 46:22 These are the sons of Rachel, which were born to Jacob: all the souls were fourteen.

46:23 And the sons of Dan; Hushim.

46:24 And the sons of Naphtali; Jahzeel, and Guni, and Jezer, and Shillem.

46:25 These are the sons of Bilhah, which Laban gave unto Rachel his daughter, and she bare these unto Jacob: all the souls were seven." (Genesis 46:8-25 KJV)

The Israelites had a census at the time of the Exodus, four hundred years later (Numbers 1:1-54). By that time, each tribe had grown into tens of thousands of people, but their multitude began with just seventy children of the family of Jacob.

"46:26 All the souls [see also What Does The Bible Really Say About Your Soul?] that came with Jacob into Egypt, which came out of his loins, besides Jacob's sons' wives, all the souls were threescore and six; 46:27 And the sons of Joseph, which were born him in Egypt, were two souls: all the souls of the house of Jacob, which came into Egypt, were threescore and ten." (Genesis 46:26-27 KJV)

The meeting of Jacob and his favorite, but long-lost son Joseph (see A Bible Journey, 37: Israel's Favorite Son) was an emotional event for both of them - and no doubt for Joseph's brothers who had sold Joseph into Egyptian slavery, while telling their father that he was dead.

"46:28 And he sent Judah before him unto Joseph, to direct his face unto Goshen; and they came into the land of Goshen. 46:29 And Joseph made ready his chariot, and went up to meet Israel his father, to Goshen, and presented himself unto him; and he fell on his neck, and wept on his neck a good while.

46:30 And Israel said unto Joseph, Now let me die, since I have seen thy face, because thou art yet alive.

46:31 And Joseph said unto his brethren, and unto his father's house, I will go up, and shew Pharaoh, and say unto him, My brethren, and my father's house, which were in the land of Canaan, are come unto me; 46:32 And the men are shepherds, for their trade hath been to feed cattle; and they have brought their flocks, and their herds, and all that they have. 46:33 And it shall come to pass, when Pharaoh shall call you, and shall say, What is your occupation? 46:34 That ye shall say, Thy servants' trade hath been about cattle from our youth even until now, both we, and also our fathers: that ye may dwell in the land of Goshen; for every shepherd is an abomination unto the Egyptians." (Genesis 46:28-34 KJV)

Fact Finder: Who were the five women who became the mothers of the nation of Israel?
See The Mothers Of The Patriarchs: Asenath and The Mothers Of The Patriarchs: Zilpah and The Mothers Of The Patriarchs: Bilhah and The Mothers Of The Patriarchs: Rachel and The Mothers Of The Patriarchs: Leah


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This Day In History, October 4

23: Rebel forces captured the Chinese capital Chang'an during a peasant rebellion. They decapitated the emperor, Wang Mang, two days later.

610: Heraclius became Byzantine (east Roman Empire) Emperor at Constantinople after overthrowing Emperor Phocas. Constantinople was named after Roman Emperor Constantine, the creator of the Church of Rome and many of its doctrines, including "Sunday" worship (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy and Why Observe The True Sabbath?).

Byzantine Empire

1209: King Otto IV of Germany was crowned Holy Roman Emperor (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).

1511: The formation of the "Holy League" of Ferdinand II of Aragon, the Papal States and the Republic of Venice against France.

1535 The first complete English-language Bible was produced by printer Miles Coverdale.

1582: The Gregorian calendar was ordered into use by Pope Gregory XIII. That year, to correct the season error accumulated by the Julian calendar (named after Julius Caesar), October 4 was to be followed by October 15. The order of the days of the week were not affected, but October 5 to 14 "did not happen" that year. Roman Catholic countries accepted the change, but Britain and its North American colonies did not accept the new Gregorian calendar for another 2 centuries, and Russia did not accept it until 1917. Today, the Gregorian calendar is used over most of the world (see Pope Gregory's Calendar).

1636: The Swedish Army defeated the armies of Saxony and the Holy Roman Empire at the Battle of Wittstock.

1795: Napoleon Bonaparte rose to national prominence with his famous "Whiff of Grapeshot" - using cannon loaded with grapeshot ("a cluster of small projectiles fired together from a cannon to produce a hail of shot") to put down counter-revolutionary rioters at the French Legislature.

1824: Mexico adopted a new constitution and became a federal republic. A vast area of Mexican territory was later taken by the U.S. - including what is today California, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, New Mexico and Texas.

Mexico

1830: Belgium became an independent nation apart from the Netherlands.

1853: After Russia refused to withdraw from the Danubian principalities, Turkey (i.e. the Ottoman Empire; listen to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire) declared war, thus starting the Crimean War; Russia against Turkey, England, France, and Sardinia. The war lasted 3 years.

1874: To stop further genocide of his people on the vast plains that they had freely lived on for many centuries before the white Europeans ("the white devils" as many native Americans came to call them) came, Kiowa chief Santana (the English pronunciation of a Kiowa word that means White Bear), known as "the Orator of the Plains," agreed to a military surrender in Darlington, Texas. In blatant violation of the surrender agreement, Santana was then sent to a penitentiary at Huntsville where he was imprisoned with common criminals and forced to work in road crews - thereafter spending his days, in chains, looking out to the open prairie that once was his homeland; he committed suicide in the prison 4 years later.

Santana

1883: The famous Orient Express train went into service.

1914: The first German Zeppelin raids on London (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars).

1918: Boris III took over as Czar of Bulgaria after Ferdinand abdicated.

1920: The first successful airplane flight across Canada was made by Robert Leckie and 4 others. Total flying time was 45 hours and 20 minutes to cover the 3,410 miles (5,490 kilometers).

1930: A revolution began in Brazil which lasted into November, when Getulio Vargas became president.

1940: Hitler of Germany (see Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion) and Mussolini of Italy, and their foreign ministers, held a summit meeting in an armored train at the Brenner Pass.

1952: The first cardiac pacemaker was implanted.

1957: The official roll-out ceremony of the first supersonic CF-105 at the Avro Canada plant in Malton, Ontario. The Canadian designed and built fighter aircraft was the fastest fighter in the world at the time.

Arrow

1957: The Russian Sputnik 1, the first man-made satellite, was launched, beginning the "space race."

1958: The first trans-Atlantic passenger jetliner service was begun by British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC) with flights between London and New York.

1963: Hurricane Flora killed 6,000 people in Cuba and Haiti.

1965: Pope Paul VI became the first pope to visit the U.S. and address the United Nations.

1993: President Boris Yeltsin stopped a hardline Communist rebellion. After a 10 hour tank assault on the Russian parliament building, he fired Vice-President Alexander Rutskoi, and jailed other opposition leaders.





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