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Saturday, October 13 2018
A Bible Journey, 55: Bricks Of Stubble
"So the people were scattered abroad throughout all the land of Egypt to gather stubble instead of straw"
The return of Moses to Egypt (see A Bible Journey, 52: Moses - From The River To The Desert and A Bible Journey, 53: The LORD's Flaming Bush) happened as the LORD God (Who was and is Jesus Christ; see The Real Jesus: The Word Of The LORD God) declared. The Israelites chose to heed the miraculous signs that they were given (see A Bible Journey, 54: The Miraculous Signs Of Moses) - apart from their understandable amazement that it was the long-gone former prince of Egypt who did it.
"4:29 And Moses and Aaron went and gathered together all the elders [see also What Did The Elders Of Israel Do?] of the children of Israel: 4:30 And Aaron spake all the words which the LORD had spoken unto Moses, and did the signs in the sight of the people. 4:31 And the people believed: and when they heard that the LORD had visited the children of Israel, and that he had looked upon their affliction, then they bowed their heads and worshipped." (Exodus 4:27-31 KJV
The Pharaoh however chose to be ignorant ("ignorant" actually means to ignore what has been made known), also as prophesied:
"3:19 And I am sure that the king of Egypt will not let you go, no, not by a mighty hand. 3:20 And I will stretch out my hand, and smite Egypt with all my wonders which I will do in the midst thereof: and after that he will let you go." (Exodus 3:19-20 KJV). "5:1 And afterward Moses and Aaron went in, and told Pharaoh, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Let my people go, that they may hold a feast unto me in the wilderness.
Moses and Aaron then repeated the LORD's demand. The Pharaoh responded with more ignorance - plus arrogance. He commanded Moses and Aaron to "get you unto your burdens" - he apparently thought that they had just arrived from the fields or brick pits.
"5:3 And they said, The God of the Hebrews hath met with us: let us go, we pray thee, three days' journey into the desert, and sacrifice unto the LORD our God; lest he fall upon us with pestilence, or with the sword.
The Pharaoh's order to have the Israelites gather their own straw for making bricks was either a spiteful abuse of innocent people (Moses and Aaron delivered the command, not the people who were making the bricks), or, if he thought that Moses and Aaron were brick makers (the reason that he said to them "get you unto your burdens"), a direct rebuke and punishment to them.
The Pharaoh's order was also just plain foolish for his own sake - the bricks were being used for structures in the Pharaoh's own kingdom. He was, in effect, demanding that the people use poorly-made building materials.
"5:6 And Pharaoh commanded the same day the taskmasters of the people, and their officers, saying, 5:7 Ye shall no more give the people straw to make brick, as heretofore: let them go and gather straw for themselves. 5:8 And the tale of the bricks, which they did make heretofore, ye shall lay upon them; ye shall not diminish ought thereof: for they be idle; therefore they cry, saying, Let us go and sacrifice to our God. 5:9 Let there more work be laid upon the men, that they may labour therein; and let them not regard vain words.
The slave drivers then protested because it make their task of pushing the Israelites more difficult.
"5:15 Then the officers of the children of Israel came and cried unto Pharaoh, saying, Wherefore dealest thou thus with thy servants? 5:16 There is no straw given unto thy servants, and they say to us, Make brick: and, behold, thy servants are beaten; but the fault is in thine own people.
The first appearance of Moses and Aaron to the Pharaoh was not successful. They would return however, after which the Pharaoh would have preferred to have heeded the first demand from the LORD.
"5:22 And Moses returned unto the LORD, and said, Lord, wherefore hast thou so evil entreated this people? why is it that thou hast sent me? 5:23 For since I came to Pharaoh to speak in thy name, he hath done evil to this people; neither hast thou delivered thy people at all." (Exodus 5:22-23 KJV)
Fact Finder: Why didn't the Exodus Pharaoh die at Passover, while his son did?
This Day In History, October 13
1080: Heinrich (in English, Henry) VI of Germany was defeated by Rudolf of Rheinfelden at the Elster River; Rudolf was killed in the battle (see also The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).
1211: Latin Emperor Henry of Flanders defeated the Nicaean emperor Theodore I Lascaris at the Battle of the Rhyndacus.
1529: Ottoman (Turkish) forces lifted their siege of Vienna, Austria. The military struggles through that time determined whether Europe would be Roman Catholic or Islamic (see A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad).
1582: The Gregorian calendar began in Italy and Spain. 10 days were skipped to correct the accumulated seasonal error of the Julian calendar - October 5 was followed by October 15, although the days of the week were not affected (see How Did Rome Change True Time?).
1764: Historian and Member of Parliament (1774-1780; Gibbon was a democratically elected Member of Parliament at the time when the New England colonies rebelled against the laws passed by that Parliament) Edward Gibbon observed a group of Church of Rome monks singing in the ruined Temple of Jupiter in Rome. The scene inspired him to begin work on his famous The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, the six volumes of which were published between 1776 and 1788 (see also A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars).
1783: In France, the Montgolfier brothers' hot air balloon achieved the first human ascent, by Jean-Francois Pilatre de Rozier (see also Who Was The First To Fly?.
1815: After his defeat and capture by the British at the Battle of Waterloo the previous June, Napoleon Bonaparte (see also Russia Or Europe - Who Has Been The Invader?) arrived under guard at the island of St. Helena where he was held in exile until he died in 1821.
1839: Britain's Queen Victoria proposed marriage to her first cousin, Albert. The marriage between Victoria and Albert was promoted by their uncle Leopold I, king of the Belgians.
1894: Alfred Dreyfus, a Jewish officer in the French army, was arrested for treason, tried, found guilty and sentenced to life in prison on Devil's Island. He was proven innocent in 1930, 36 years after his conviction. The "Dreyfus Affair" became one of the most famous stories of French history.
1917: Mata Hari (actual name Margaretha Zelle), 41, a Dutch spy for Germany during the First World War, was executed by a French firing squad at the Vincennes Barracks outside Paris.
1945: Vichy French Premier Pierre Laval is executed by a firing squad for his wartime collaboration with the Germans.
1946: Hermann Goering (shown in the photograph below - front row, with his arm up on the prisoner's box), 53, high-ranking Nazi official under Adolf Hitler, committed suicide in his prison cell 2 hours before his scheduled hanging for war crimes (see also Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).
Over the next 2 weeks, the U.S.-Soviet confrontation brought the world to the brink of nuclear war. Kennedy and his military advisors knew that Soviet nuclear ballistic missiles in Cuba were of no more threat to the U.S. than those 5,000 miles away in Russia (ballistic missiles can't be stopped, regardless of where they are launched from), or those off the U.S. east and west coasts on lurking Russian submarines (just as U.S. submarines lurk off the Russian coasts - along with the U.S. missiles in Europe, aimed at Russia), were no different than any Russian missiles in Cuba aimed at the U.S., however after the "Bay of Pigs" Cuban invasion failure, Kennedy feared that another embarrassment over Cuba would have been disastrous to his approval rating as President (as later documented by actual Kennedy associates, including Presidential advisor Theodore "Ted" Sorensen).
According to his associates who were present, Kennedy took all of humanity to the brink of nuclear extinction to defend his personal re-election - an election that he never got to run in because he was killed a year later, not by the Russians, but by one of his own fellow citizens, a former U.S. Marine by the name of Lee Harvey Oswald.
1964: Nikita Khrushchev was ousted as First Secretary of the U.S.S.R. Communist Party. He was replaced by Leonid Brezhnev, and Alexi Kosygin as Prime Minister.
1970: Anwar Sadat became president of Egypt, succeeding Gamel Abdel Nasser.
1971: Iran (known until the 1920s as Persia) celebrated 2500 years as a nation. It was Persia that defeated the Babylonian Empire (see The Prophet Daniel: The Hand Writing On The Wall) and freed the people of Judah from their Babylonian captivity (see The Prophecies Of Cyrus of Persia).
1990: Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev won the Nobel Peace Prize for his removal of the Berlin Wall and the "Iron Curtain" in Europe (see also Russia Or Europe - Who Has Been The Invader?).