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Saturday, October 20 2018
A Bible Journey, 62: Why Is It Called Passover?
"When I see the blood, I will pass over you"
The natural calendar of the LORD (see also A Bible Journey, 56: The Sacred Name) was established by Him at the time of Creation, before any humans were created (see Creation Day 4: The Calendar). It is not the calendar of any nation or religion (i.e. it is not "the Jewish calendar") - it is the LORD's Calendar, based on the LORD's creation of the physical universe (see also The New Moon Calendar and The Passover Moon At Midnight).
Months on the LORD's calendar begin when the New Moon crescent is visible. Unlike the Roman calendar that can have two new moons or two full moons in the same "month" (because the Roman months are 2 or 3 days longer than the true lunar-based months of the LORD's Calendar), the LORD's calendar is based on observable reality.
"12:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron [see also The Meeting Of Moses And Aaron] in the land of Egypt, saying, 12:2 This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you. 12:3 Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house: 12:4 And if the household be too little for the lamb, let him and his neighbour next unto his house take it according to the number of the souls; every man according to his eating shall make your count for the lamb." (Exodus 12:1-4 KJV)
The instructions were then given for the preparation of the Passover lamb - which was a prophetic portrayal of the Messiah.
"12:5 Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats: 12:6 And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening. 12:7 And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it. 12:8 And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it. 12:9 Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at all with water, but roast with fire; his head with his legs, and with the purtenance thereof. 12:10 And ye shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; and that which remaineth of it until the morning ye shall burn with fire. 12:11 And thus shall ye eat it; with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: it is the LORD'S passover.
The instructions were also given for the days of Passover, also known as the Days of Unleavened Bread (see The Journey Of The Days Of Passover and Unleavened Bread: Why Observe The True Christian Holy Days? and the Fact Finder question below to understand why there were two Sabbaths, one regular weekly Sabbath and one annual Sabbath, during the week that the Messiah was crucified).
"12:14 And this day shall be unto you for a memorial; and ye shall keep it a feast to the LORD throughout your generations; ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever. 12:15 Seven days shall ye eat unleavened bread; even the first day ye shall put away leaven out of your houses: for whosoever eateth leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from Israel. 12:16 And in the first day there shall be an holy convocation, and in the seventh day there shall be an holy convocation to you; no manner of work shall be done in them, save that which every man must eat, that only may be done of you.
The Levitical priesthood was established in the Sinai (see Paul's Resurrection Lesson) after the Exodus (see The Origin Of The Levite Priesthood). The lamb sacrifices at the time of the first Passover were done by the family elders of Israel (see What Did The Elders Of Israel Do?).
"12:21 Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel, and said unto them, Draw out and take you a lamb according to your families, and kill the passover. 12:22 And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the bason, and strike the lintel and the two side posts with the blood that is in the bason; and none of you shall go out at the door of his house until the morning. 12:23 For the LORD will pass through to smite the Egyptians; and when he seeth the blood upon the lintel, and on the two side posts, the LORD will pass over the door, and will not suffer the destroyer to come in unto your houses to smite you.
The final plague upon the obstinate Pharoah's kingdom was the death of the firstborn - which included the Pharaoh's own firstborn (see also Was The Exodus Pharaoh A Firstborn?).
"12:29 And it came to pass, that at midnight the LORD smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sat on his throne unto the firstborn of the captive that was in the dungeon; and all the firstborn of cattle.
The Pharaoh had been repeatedly warned and subjected to escalating plagues, but he refused the LORD's command to release the Israelites (see A Bible Journey, 57: Waters Of Blood and A Bible Journey, 58: Let My People Go, That They May Serve Me and A Bible Journey, 59: The Plagues On Cattle And Linen and A Bible Journey, 60: The Plague Of Locusts). With the death of the firstborn, the Pharaoh surrendered (long enough to let the people go - he would later pursue them with his army, with a further disaster brought upon himself).
"12:31 And he called for Moses and Aaron by night, and said, Rise up, and get you forth from among my people, both ye and the children of Israel; and go, serve the LORD, as ye have said. 12:32 Also take your flocks and your herds, as ye have said, and be gone; and bless me also." (Exodus 12:31-32 KJV)
The people who held the Israelites as slaves were by then also eager to let the people go - along with "jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment" that provided payment for years of slave labor that the Israelites had provided to them (see also What Did They Do In The Sinai With Their Egyptian Gold?).
"12:33 And the Egyptians were urgent upon the people, that they might send them out of the land in haste; for they said, We be all dead men.
The Israelites entered Egypt as a family of seventy people (see A Bible Journey, 46: The Family At The Heart Of A Nation). Over four hundred years however, they had grown into a nation of six hundred thousand adult men, plus women and children. The time that they left Egypt also fulfilled the prophecy that the LORD gave to Abraham, not only before the Israelites went to Egypt, but before any Israelites even existed (see The Exodus Prophecy).
"12:37 And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot that were men, beside children.
Further instructions were then given to the Israelites for the keeping of the LORD's Passover (see The First Passover After The Exodus; also The Day Of Atonement: Deliverance Of The Passover Blood).
"12:43 And the LORD said unto Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance of the passover:
Fact Finder: What were the two Sabbaths of Passover week? Why was there no "Good Friday"?
This Day In History
This Day In History, October 20
1632: Sir Christopher Wren was born. He became one of Britain's most outstanding architects.
1720: The Caribbean pirate known as Calico Jack (actual name John Rackham, born of English and Cuban parents) was captured by the Royal Navy. The pirate was famous for his "Jolly Roger" flag, a skull with crossed swords, that contributed to the popularization of the design. The origin of the Jolly Roger is unknown, however some historians believe that it was derived from "Old Roger," a term for the Devil.
1740: Charles V, Holy Roman emperor (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation) and head of the house of Habsburg, died. Two of the Wars of the Spanish Succession developed directly from his death.
1921: The Treaty of Ankara between France and the Grand National Assembly of Turkey was signed. It formalized the French recognition of the Assembly rather than the government of Ottoman sultan Mehmed VI, as the sovereign power in Turkey (listen also to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire).
1822: Conservative politician Andrew Bonar Law became the first (and to this day only) Prime Minister of the United Kingdom to have been born outside of the British Isles. He was born in New Brunswick, Canada.
1827: In the Greek War of Independence, the Turkish and Egyptian fleets were devastated by the British, French and Russians at the Battle of Navarino.
1867: Ottawa was proclaimed the capital of Canada. Founded in 1827 by Col. John By, Ottawa was first named Bytown. It was renamed after the Ottawa Indians in 1854. In 1858 Ottawa was chosen by Queen Victoria to be the capital of the "United Provinces of Canada," and in 1867 it became the capital of the sovereign nation of Canada.
1911: Roald Amundsen set off with 4 others on his journey to the South Pole. They arrived on December 14.
1930: Jews in "Palestine" ("Palestine" is an English-language rendering of "Philistine"; see Where Is Palestine?) were banned from purchasing Arab land by the British authorities. After the fall of the Ottoman Empire, Britain controlled Palestine from the end of World War 1 in 1918 to Israeli independence in 1948 (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Balfour Declaration).
1935: The "Long March" of Chinese communists led by Mao Zedong ended. Of the 80,000 who set out, only 9,000 completed the 6,000 miles (9,700 kilometers) to Yanan.
1944: Aachen became the first large German city to fall to the advancing allied forces near the end of the Second World War (1939-1945; see also The Assassination That Triggered Two World Wars and The Terrorist Attack That Enabled Hitler To Become A Dictator).
1971: West German Chancellor Willy Brandt was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
1973: During their Watergate investigations of Nixon himself, President Nixon fired Watergate Prosecutor Archibald Cox and Deputy Attorney General William Ruckelshaus (see also The Impeachment Of The President).
2011: Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi was captured and tortured to death by rebel forces after the Battle of Sirte (see also Libya In History And Prophecy).