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Monday, December 10 2018
A Bible Journey, 83: The Tables Of Stone In The Tabernacle Of Moses
"I will not go up in the midst of thee; for thou art a stiffnecked people ... Moses took the tabernacle, and pitched it without the camp, afar off from the camp"
After the disgraceful golden calf riot had been stopped (see A Bible Journey, 82: The Golden Calf Riot), the LORD (see The Real Jesus: The Word Of The LORD God and A Bible Journey, 56: The Sacred Name) commanded Moses to make ready to trek northward "unto the land which I sware unto Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, saying, Unto thy seed will I give it" (see The LORD's Seed Covenants With The Two Men Of Iraq).
"33:1 And the LORD said unto Moses, Depart, and go up hence, thou and the people which thou hast brought up out of the land of Egypt, unto the land which I sware unto Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, saying, Unto thy seed will I give it: 33:2 And I will send an angel before thee; and I will drive out the Canaanite, the Amorite, and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite: 33:3 Unto a land flowing with milk and honey: for I will not go up in the midst of thee; for thou art a stiffnecked people: lest I consume thee in the way." (Exodus 33:1-3 KJV)
The national deliverance to the Promised Land was being fulfilled for the LORD's promise to Abraham. The adult Israelites at that point apparently realized how their behavior had been unworthy of righteous Abraham, although their repentance was temporary (their rebelliousness eventually cost them their personal deliverance - see the Fact Finder question below).
"33:4 And when the people heard these evil tidings, they mourned: and no man did put on him his ornaments. 33:5 For the LORD had said unto Moses, Say unto the children of Israel, Ye are a stiffnecked people: I will come up into the midst of thee in a moment, and consume thee: therefore now put off thy ornaments from thee, that I may know what to do unto thee. 33:6 And the children of Israel stripped themselves of their ornaments by the mount Horeb." (Exodus 33:4-6 KJV)
Although the term "the Tabernacle of the congregation" (or "Tent of Meeting") is used for both of them, the Tabernacle (i.e. tent) that Moses pitched outside the camp (the formal Tabernacle was inside the camp, at the very center; see the diagram in The Camp) was before the formal Levite Tabernacle was constructed (see A Bible Journey, 76: Why Did The LORD Build His Tabernacle?).
Moses was given the instructions in how to build the Tabernacle while he was up on Mount Sinai receiving the Ten Commandments (Exodus 20-31). When he returned, he found the Israelites running wild around a golden calf idol (Exodus 32), after which, as we read here, Moses "took the tabernacle, and pitched it without the camp, afar off from the camp, and called it the Tabernacle of the congregation."
But that was not the permanent Tabernacle because it was constructed and set up later (Exodus 36-40). The LORD had not yet relented of His anger over their foolhardy riot around the golden calf, so Moses pitched that temporary Tabernacle away from the people for the time that the LORD declared "I will not go up in the midst of thee; for thou art a stiffnecked people: lest I consume thee in the way."
"33:7 And Moses took the tabernacle, and pitched it without the camp, afar off from the camp, and called it the Tabernacle of the congregation. And it came to pass, that every one which sought the LORD went out unto the tabernacle of the congregation, which was without the camp. 33:8 And it came to pass, when Moses went out unto the tabernacle, that all the people rose up, and stood every man at his tent door, and looked after Moses, until he was gone into the tabernacle. 33:9 And it came to pass, as Moses entered into the tabernacle, the cloudy pillar descended, and stood at the door of the tabernacle, and the LORD talked with Moses. 33:10 And all the people saw the cloudy pillar stand at the tabernacle door: and all the people rose up and worshipped, every man in his tent door. 33:11 And the LORD spake unto Moses face to face, as a man speaketh unto his friend. And he turned again into the camp: but his servant Joshua, the son of Nun, a young man, departed not out of the tabernacle." (Exodus 33:7-11 KJV)
Moses was one of a very few people who spoke directly with the LORD: "The LORD said unto Moses, I will do this thing also that thou hast spoken: for thou hast found grace in my sight, and I know thee by name."
"33:12 And Moses said unto the LORD, See, thou sayest unto me, Bring up this people: and thou hast not let me know whom thou wilt send with me. Yet thou hast said, I know thee by name, and thou hast also found grace in my sight. 33:13 Now therefore, I pray thee, if I have found grace in thy sight, shew me now thy way, that I may know thee, that I may find grace in thy sight: and consider that this nation is thy people.
Fact Finder: Why was it that almost all of the adult Israelites of the Exodus never entered the Promised Land?
This Day In History, December 10
1508: Pope Julius II, Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I, Louis XII of France and Ferdinand II of Aragon formed the League of Cambrai to attack Venice (see Emperors and Popes and The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).
1520: Martin Luther publicly burned Pope Leo X's papal edict, Exsurge Domine, that ordered him to recant his "protestant heresies." The accusation against Luther was fundamentally incorrect; Luther rebelled against the immoral behavior of the Papacy at the time, but he maintained nearly all of the Church of Rome's pagan doctrines, as do the "Protestant" churches to this day (e.g. see Why Observe The True Sabbath? and Why Call Me, Lord, Lord, and Do Not The Things Which I Say?). That's why the LORD refers to the "Protestant" churches as "harlots" too:
"17:4 And the woman was arrayed in purple and scarlet colour, and decked with gold and precious stones and pearls, having a golden cup in her hand full of abominations and filthiness of her fornication: 17:5 And upon her forehead was a name written, MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH." (Revelation 17:4-5 KJV).
The Church of Rome is the "mother" of all of those harlots, while Luther was the "father" of many of them.
1684: Isaac Newton's derivation of Kepler's laws from his theory of gravity, detailed in the paper De motu corporum in gyrum, was read to the Royal Society by Edmund Halley.
1845: The first pneumatic (inflated with air) tires were patented by British civil engineer Robert Thompson.
1848: Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, nephew of emperor Napoleon, was elected President of France's Second Republic. It was to be short lived - in 1851 Bonaparte staged a coup to restore "the empire."
1865: German-born Leopold I, the first king of the Belgians and a highly influential force in European diplomacy, died. He was known as the "uncle of Europe" - among his many international royal relatives was his niece Queen Victoria of Britain.
1868: The world's first traffic lights, built near London's Parliament Square, began operation.
1896: Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel died. He made much of his fortune from his invention of dynamite and the manufacture of armaments of war in his factories. Ironically (or hypocritically), the "Nobel Peace Prize" is named after him.
1898: The U.S. and Spain signed a treaty to end their war in the Caribbean and the Pacific.
1901: The first transatlantic wireless signal was received at St. John's Newfoundland. Guglielmo Marconi flew a box kite trailing copper wire to a telephone picked up clicking sounds transmitted from 2,000 miles / 3,200 kilometers away in Cornwall, England. Today, the hill from which the kite was flown is called Signal Hill.
1936: King Edward VIII of Britain abdicated the throne to marry a divorced woman from the U.S., Wallis Warfield Simpson.
1941: Japanese shore-based bombers sank the British battleship Prince of Wales and battle cruiser Repulse (see also Why Was Korea Divided Into North And South?).
1982: 119 countries, but not Britain or the U.S., signed the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea.
1988: A severe earthquake in Armenia killed an estimated 100,000 people.