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Thursday, December 27 2018

A Bible Journey, 95: What Did Souls Do In The Old Testament Era?

"And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul"

The English-language word "soul" originated from an Anglo-Saxon word, sawel, that meant a lifetime. It is commonly used to translate the Hebrew word of the Holy Scriptures, pronounced neh-fesh, which means a breathing creature (see What Makes Physical Life Possible? and Adam and Adamah).

The true Biblical meaning of "soul" is physical, not something spiritual (see The First Souls and the Fact Finder question below). In the Holy Scriptures, "souls" refer to people, as proven in the examples below.

Man A soul sins by remaining silent and allowing injustice to prevail.

"5:1 And if a soul sin, and hear the voice of swearing, and is a witness, whether he hath seen or known of it; if he do not utter it, then he shall bear his iniquity." (Leviticus 5:1 KJV)

A soul sins by being unclean i.e. the old saying that "cleanliness is next to Godliness."

"5:2 Or if a soul touch any unclean thing, whether it be a carcase of an unclean beast, or a carcase of unclean cattle, or the carcase of unclean creeping things, and if it be hidden from him; he also shall be unclean, and guilty.

5:3 Or if he touch the uncleanness of man, whatsoever uncleanness it be that a man shall be defiled withal, and it be hid from him; when he knoweth of it, then he shall be." (Leviticus 5:2-3 KJV)

A soul sins by uttering vain words.

"5:4 Or if a soul swear, pronouncing with his lips to do evil, or to do good, whatsoever it be that a man shall pronounce with an oath, and it be hid from him; when he knoweth of it, then he shall be guilty in one of these." (Leviticus 5:4 KJV)

In the era of animal sacrifices (see also The Blood Of Bulls And Goats), atonement for sin was made by the sacrifice of an innocent soul (see Do Animals Have A Soul?) - a principle that also applied to the Passover lamb, all of which was a prophecy of the Sacrifice of the Saviour (see Innocent Blood).

"5:5 And it shall be, when he shall be guilty in one of these things, that he shall confess that he hath sinned in that thing: 5:6 And he shall bring his trespass offering unto the LORD for his sin which he hath sinned, a female from the flock, a lamb or a kid of the goats, for a sin offering; and the priest shall make an atonement for him concerning his sin.

5:7 And if he be not able to bring a lamb, then he shall bring for his trespass, which he hath committed, two turtledoves, or two young pigeons, unto the LORD; one for a sin offering, and the other for a burnt offering. 5:8 And he shall bring them unto the priest, who shall offer that which is for the sin offering first, and wring off his head from his neck, but shall not divide it asunder: 5:9 And he shall sprinkle of the blood of the sin offering upon the side of the altar; and the rest of the blood shall be wrung out at the bottom of the altar: it is a sin offering. 5:10 And he shall offer the second for a burnt offering, according to the manner: and the priest shall make an atonement for him for his sin which he hath sinned, and it shall be forgiven him.

5:11 But if he be not able to bring two turtledoves, or two young pigeons, then he that sinned shall bring for his offering the tenth part of an ephah of fine flour for a sin offering; he shall put no oil upon it, neither shall he put any frankincense thereon: for it is a sin offering. 5:12 Then shall he bring it to the priest, and the priest shall take his handful of it, even a memorial thereof, and burn it on the altar, according to the offerings made by fire unto the LORD: it is a sin offering. 5:13 And the priest shall make an atonement for him as touching his sin that he hath sinned in one of these, and it shall be forgiven him: and the remnant shall be the priest's, as a meat offering." (Leviticus 5:5-13 KJV)

The sacrifices were made at the Tabernacle (see Exodus 26: The First Christian Tabernacle) because within it was the place of forgiveness (see Christ's Mercy Seat). The LORD was and is Jesus Christ (see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God).

"5:14 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 5:15 If a soul commit a trespass, and sin through ignorance, in the holy things of the LORD; then he shall bring for his trespass unto the LORD a ram without blemish out of the flocks, with thy estimation by shekels of silver, after the shekel of the sanctuary, for a trespass offering: 5:16 And he shall make amends for the harm that he hath done in the holy thing, and shall add the fifth part thereto, and give it unto the priest: and the priest shall make an atonement for him with the ram of the trespass offering, and it shall be forgiven him.

5:17 And if a soul sin, and commit any of these things which are forbidden to be done by the commandments of the LORD; though he wist it not, yet is he guilty, and shall bear his iniquity. 5:18 And he shall bring a ram without blemish out of the flock, with thy estimation, for a trespass offering, unto the priest: and the priest shall make an atonement for him concerning his ignorance wherein he erred and wist it not, and it shall be forgiven him. 5:19 It is a trespass offering: he hath certainly trespassed against the LORD." (Leviticus 5:14-19 KJV)

Fact Finder: What is a "soul"? What does the LORD say about your "soul"?
See What Does The Bible Really Say About Your Soul?; also The Healing Of A Soul At The Beautiful Gate

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This Day In History, December 27

537: The Hagia Sophia in Istanbul, Turkey was completed. The Greek Orthodox patriarchal basilica (church), later became a Muslim mosque. It is today a museum (see also A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad).

1512: The Spanish Crown issued the Laws of Burgos. They governed the conduct of settlers (who the native people came to view as invaders in their homelands) toward native people in the "New World."

New World

1741: Prussian (not to be confused with Russian - Prussia is in Germany) forces took Olmutz, Czechoslovakia.

1822: Louis Pasteur, the French chemist and bacteriologist, was born. He originated the heat process known as Pasteurization, used to destroy micro-organisms in certain foods and drinks.

1825: The first public railroad using steam locomotives was completed, in England.


1831: The British survey ship HMS Beagle set sail from Plymouth, England, on its scientific voyage around the world. On board was a young naturalist by the name of Charles Darwin (see Rescuing Charles Darwin From The Atheists).

Charles Darwin

1922: The Japanese Hosho was commissioned. It was the first purposely-built aircraft carrier in the world (earlier carriers were converted ships e.g. the first U.S. aircraft carrier was a converted bulk coal carrier). During the Second World War (1939-1945), Japan lost over 20 aircraft carriers (including those that were involved in the attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941), while the U.S. lost over 12 (including the Hornet, Langley, Lexington, Princeton, Wasp and Yorktown).


1927: Leon Trotsky was expelled from the Soviet Communist Party, marking a victory for Joseph Stalin.

1929: Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin ordered the "liquidation of the kulaks as a class." The kulaks were peasants who owned property that they worked for, but were regarded as a threat to socialism.

1945: The International Monetary Fund (IMF) was established.

1949: Indonesia became independent from the Netherlands by decree from by Queen Juliana.

1966: The Cave of Swallows, the largest known cave shaft in the world, was discovered in Aquismon, San Luis Potosi, Mexico.

1972: Lester Pearson died at age 75. The 14th Canadian Prime Minister (1963-1968) was awarded the 1957 Nobel Peace Prize (back in the days when the recipient had to actually do something for peace) for his efforts to resolve the Israeli Suez Crisis of 1956. Regarded very highly by the Israelites, Pearson was also presented with the Medallion of Valour of the State of Israel for his efforts on behalf of Israel at the United Nations.
There has been a paradigm shift in what "liberal" means and represents. In Pearson's time, the "Liberals" were far more conservative than the "Conservatives" are today. Their liberalism simply meant progress, whereas the conservatives just wanted to keep everything as it was, even when it no longer worked, or when something better was obvious. But both "liberals" and "conservatives" then were very conservative. "Liberal" now means something very different. Pearson would almost certainly be disgusted with it. He was a Liberal, but he was no "liberal."

Lester Pearson

1972: Belgium became the first NATO country to establish diplomatic relations with East Germany.

1978: King Juan Carlos ratified Spain's first democratic constitution.

1979: Soviet forces invaded Afghanistan. Hafizullah Amin, President of Afghanistan, was executed. The U.S. condemned the Soviet invasion until it did so itself a few years later.


1995: Israeli troops withdrew from Ramallah, completing the handover of 6 "West Bank" towns to the "Palestinians" ("Palestine" is merely a variant English-language rendering of "Philistine"; see Jordan's West Bank Invasion and Where Is Palestine?).

1996: Rwanda's first genocide trial opened with the accused facing charges for their part in the slaughter of 800,000 Tutsis in 1994.

2007: Former Pakistani Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto was assassinated.

2008: Israel began a 3-week military operation on Gaze - "Operation Cast Lead" (see also Gaze In History And Prophecy).


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