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Friday, December 28 2018
A Bible Journey, 96: The Passover Lamb And The Scapegoat
"The priest shall make an atonement for him before the LORD"
With the completion of the construction of the Tabernacle of the LORD (see A Bible Journey, 90: The Founding Of The Tabernacle and A Bible Journey, 56: The Sacred Name) came the symbolic, prophetic purpose of the Tabernacle stage.
The cyclical sacrifices at the Tabernacle were symbolic and prophetic in three ways. They all portrayed the Messiah's coming to establish God's Kingdom that will be populated by the then-sinless children of God (see What Was The Lesson Of John 3:16?).
The Passover Lamb and the sacrifice on the Day of Atonement directly and personally portrayed the Messiah's own sacrifice.
The prescribed sacrifice of other innocent blood (see Innocent Blood and What Does The LORD Say About Your Soul?) was a ceremonial purification of the general population, so that they would not be cut off from the nation, and of the priest, and particularly the high priest, who needed to be ceremonial sinless in order to accept and offer the sacrifices made for themselves and by the people (see The Blood Of Bulls And Goats).
The "scapegoat" (an abbreviation of escape goat) portrayed Satan. It was exiled, alive, into the wilderness - just as cannot-be-killed Satan will be put away when the Messiah returns to destroy all sin (see the Fact Finder question below).
"6:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 6:2 If a soul sin, and commit a trespass against the LORD, and lie unto his neighbour in that which was delivered him to keep, or in fellowship, or in a thing taken away by violence, or hath deceived his neighbour; 6:3 Or have found that which was lost, and lieth concerning it, and sweareth falsely; in any of all these that a man doeth, sinning therein: 6:4 Then it shall be, because he hath sinned, and is guilty, that he shall restore that which he took violently away, or the thing which he hath deceitfully gotten, or that which was delivered him to keep, or the lost thing which he found, 6:5 Or all that about which he hath sworn falsely; he shall even restore it in the principal, and shall add the fifth part more thereto, and give it unto him to whom it appertaineth, in the day of his trespass offering. 6:6 And he shall bring his trespass offering unto the LORD, a ram without blemish out of the flock, with thy estimation, for a trespass offering, unto the priest: 6:7 And the priest shall make an atonement for him before the LORD: and it shall be forgiven him for any thing of all that he hath done in trespassing therein." (Leviticus 6:1-7 KJV(
The ceremonially sinless high priest and other Levites were then regarded as clean to offer the sacrifices of the people - just as the sinless Messiah offered Himself as atonement for those who have made themselves clean by genuine repentance (see Christ Died For Repentant Sinners).
"6:8 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 6:9 Command Aaron and his sons, saying, This is the law of the burnt offering: It is the burnt offering, because of the burning upon the altar all night unto the morning, and the fire of the altar shall be burning in it. 6:10 And the priest shall put on his linen garment, and his linen breeches shall he put upon his flesh, and take up the ashes which the fire hath consumed with the burnt offering on the altar, and he shall put them beside the altar. 6:11 And he shall put off his garments, and put on other garments, and carry forth the ashes without the camp unto a clean place. 6:12 And the fire upon the altar shall be burning in it; it shall not be put out: and the priest shall burn wood on it every morning, and lay the burnt offering in order upon it; and he shall burn thereon the fat of the peace offerings. 6:13 The fire shall ever be burning upon the altar; it shall never go out." (Leviticus 6:8-13 KJV)
Burnt offerings to the LORD were done long before Israel existed (see A Bible Journey, 77: When Did The Messiah Become A Burnt Offering?), while the purpose and principle of them were timeless (see also Exodus 30: Frankincense, Incense and The Anointing Oil).
"6:14 And this is the law of the meat offering: the sons of Aaron shall offer it before the LORD, before the altar. 6:15 And he shall take of it his handful, of the flour of the meat offering, and of the oil thereof, and all the frankincense which is upon the meat offering, and shall burn it upon the altar for a sweet savour, even the memorial of it, unto the LORD. 6:16 And the remainder thereof shall Aaron and his sons eat: with unleavened bread shall it be eaten in the holy place; in the court of the tabernacle of the congregation they shall eat it. 6:17 It shall not be baken with leaven. I have given it unto them for their portion of my offerings made by fire; it is most holy, as is the sin offering, and as the trespass offering. 6:18 All the males among the children of Aaron shall eat of it. It shall be a statute for ever in your generations concerning the offerings of the LORD made by fire: every one that toucheth them shall be holy.
The place of offering (i.e. Passover) was in the courtyard of the Tabernacle (see A Bible Journey, 88: The Court Of The Tabernacle), while the place of deliverance (i.e. the Day of Atonement) was in the Holy Place (see The Holy Place In History And Prophecy).
"6:24 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 6:25 Speak unto Aaron and to his sons, saying, This is the law of the sin offering: In the place where the burnt offering is killed shall the sin offering be killed before the LORD: it is most holy. 6:26 The priest that offereth it for sin shall eat it: in the holy place shall it be eaten, in the court of the tabernacle of the congregation. 6:27 Whatsoever shall touch the flesh thereof shall be holy: and when there is sprinkled of the blood thereof upon any garment, thou shalt wash that whereon it was sprinkled in the holy place. 6:28 But the earthen vessel wherein it is sodden shall be broken: and if it be sodden in a brasen pot, it shall be both scoured, and rinsed in water. 6:29 All the males among the priests shall eat thereof: it is most holy. 6:30 And no sin offering, whereof any of the blood is brought into the tabernacle of the congregation to reconcile withal in the holy place, shall be eaten: it shall be burnt in the fire." (Leviticus 6:24-30 KJV)
Fact Finder: On the Day of Atonement, one goat was sacrificed while another was exiled alive in the wilderness. Who did the sacrificed goat portray in prophecy (past and present tense)? Who does the exiled alive goat portray in prophecy (future tense)?
This Day In History, December 28
457: Majorian, a general of the Roman army, became emperor of the Western Roman Empire after deposing Emperor Avitus (see Biblical Eras: The Roman Empire And The Church Of Rome and The Roman Empire and The Roman Republic and The Founding Of Rome: The Curious Tale Of Romulus and Remus).
484: Alaric II succeeded his father Euric as king of the Visigoths. The Visigoths (from the Latin meaning western Goths) and Ostrogoths (from the Latin meaning eastern Goths) were branches of the Germanic people referred to collectively as the Goths. The Germanic people eventually succeeded and became the later Roman Empire (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).
1065: Westminster Abbey was consecrated.
1612: By means of the newly-invented telescope, Galileo Galilei became the first astronomer to observe the planet known as "Neptune" (a pagan name given to it by men). Galileo was not the inventor of the telescope, but he was the first to use it to study the heavens (see also What Can You See In The Firmament Of The Heavens? and What Are The Hunter and The Seven Sisters Doing In Heaven?).
1688: William of Orange made a triumphant march into London as James II fled.
1694: Queen Mary II of England died of smallpox at age 32.
1698: George I of England got divorced.
1795: Plans for building Toronto's famous Yonge Street were first proposed. While the southern section of it is today a major street in Toronto, the original 48 kilometer road from York (i.e. Toronto) north to Lake Simcoe was one of the earliest highways in Canada. It was named after Sir George Yonge, then Secretary of State for War in the British government.
1836: Spain recognized the independence of Mexico, which at the time included large areas of what is today the U.S. (California, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas; see also The Mexican Border Wall).
1849: Paris tailor Jolly Bellin reportedly discovered "dry cleaning" when he accidentally upset a lamp containing turpentine and oil on His clothing and saw the cleaning effect.
1895: Antoine and Louis Lumiere introduced their Cinematograph (which projected "moving pictures") in the basement of the Grand Cafe in Paris.
1908: Over 82,000 people were killed by an earthquake that struck the Sicilian town of Messina. A tidal wave that followed caused more devastation.
1923: Alexander Eiffel died at age 91. He designed the Eiffel Tower in Paris, which is named after him.
1936: Benito Mussolini sent war planes to Spain in support of Francisco Franco (see Is Iniquity Liberal Or Conservative?).
1946: French occupation forces declared martial law in Vietnam. It was the colonial French who divided Vietnam into two countries, North and South. When the French were the driven out during the resulting civil war, the U.S. replaced them in an effort to maintain the artificial boundary. The Vietnam War was actually a civil war caused by foreigners who claimed Vietnam was their own dominion.
1947: Victor Emmanuel III, king of Italy 1900-1946, died at age 78. His reign brought an end to the Italian monarchy.
1948: Prime Minister Nokrashy Pasha of Egypt was assassinated by a member of the "Muslim Brotherhood." Pasha had just outlawed the group because he regarded them as terrorists.
1950: Chinese troops crossed the 38th Parallel into South Korea (see also Why Was Korea Divided Into North And South?).
1997: The government of Hong Kong ordered the slaughter of 1.3 million chickens as well as a large number of ducks, geese, quail and other poultry in an effort to stop the spread of a newly discovered variety of flu.