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Friday, February 1 2019
A Bible Journey, 104: The Whole Of The Holy Bible
The Adding Of "Heads" and "Rows"
The Word of God in the Holy Bible was written whole. Chapters (from a Latin word, capitulum, meaning head - "capitol" and "capital" also originated from that same Latin word) and verse (from a Latin word, versus, meaning a row) numbers were added many centuries later by European printers and publishers. Chapters began to be made in the 13th Century and verses were added in the 16th Century.
The photograph below shows a section of one of the Dead Sea Scrolls. There are no chapters or verses.
"14:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 14:2 This shall be the law of the leper in the day of his cleansing: He shall be brought unto the priest: 14:3 And the priest shall go forth out of the camp; and the priest shall look, and, behold, if the plague of leprosy be healed in the leper; 14:4 Then shall the priest command to take for him that is to be cleansed two birds alive and clean, and cedar wood, and scarlet, and hyssop: 14:5 And the priest shall command that one of the birds be killed in an earthen vessel over running water: 14:6 As for the living bird, he shall take it, and the cedar wood, and the scarlet, and the hyssop, and shall dip them and the living bird in the blood of the bird that was killed over the running water: 14:7 And he shall sprinkle upon him that is to be cleansed from the leprosy seven times, and shall pronounce him clean, and shall let the living bird loose into the open field.
The further instructions regarding infection of property, that began in the previous "chapter," were also completed here.
"14:33 And the LORD spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, saying, 14:34 When ye be come into the land of Canaan, which I give to you for a possession, and I put the plague of leprosy in a house of the land of your possession; 14:35 And he that owneth the house shall come and tell the priest, saying, It seemeth to me there is as it were a plague in the house: 14:36 Then the priest shall command that they empty the house, before the priest go into it to see the plague, that all that is in the house be not made unclean: and afterward the priest shall go in to see the house: 14:37 And he shall look on the plague, and, behold, if the plague be in the walls of the house with hollow strakes, greenish or reddish, which in sight are lower than the wall; 14:38 Then the priest shall go out of the house to the door of the house, and shut up the house seven days: 14:39 And the priest shall come again the seventh day, and shall look: and, behold, if the plague be spread in the walls of the house; 14:40 Then the priest shall command that they take away the stones in which the plague is, and they shall cast them into an unclean place without the city: 14:41 And he shall cause the house to be scraped within round about, and they shall pour out the dust that they scrape off without the city into an unclean place: 14:42 And they shall take other stones, and put them in the place of those stones; and he shall take other morter, and shall plaister the house.
Fact Finder: What was the actual teaching of the famous "John 3:16" verse? Why is it vital to read everything that was spoken in that teaching?
This Day In History, February 1
1327: Edward III became King of England. The Hundred Years War (a series of conflicts between England and France from 1337 to 1453) began during his reign.
1328: Charles IV of France, the last monarch in the direct line of the Capetian dynasty (named after Hugh Capet who became king in 987), died.
1542: Cardinal Girolamo Aleandro died at age 62. He was an active opponent of the Lutheran Reformation. In 1520 Pope Leo X sent him to Germany to lead the opposition against Martin Luther at the Diet of Worms (named after Vorms, a city in Germany). In Brussels, Aleandro was responsible for the death of the first martyrs of the Reformation.
1587: Elizabeth I, daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn (Henry broke away from Rome and created the Church of England so that he could divorce his first wife, Katherine of Aragon, to marry Anne Boleyn), signed the Warrant of Execution for (Roman Catholic) Mary Queen of Scots who was involved in three assassination attempts on Elizabeth I.
1662: Chinese General Koxinga captured the island of Taiwan (see also The First Chinese American War).
1793: Revolutionary France declared war on England and Holland. French King Louis XVI was executed shortly before.
1796: The capital of Upper Canada (a term based upon the flow of the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River toward the Atlantic Ocean i.e. Upper Canada was southern Ontario and Lower Canada was southern Quebec) was moved from Newark (today, Niagara On The Lake, Ontario) to York (today, Toronto, Ontario).
1861: 25 years after breaking away from Mexico in 1836, Texas seceded from the U.S. to join the Confederate States of America (see also The Mexican Border Wall).
1884: The Oxford English Dictionary's first volume was published.
1908: King Carlos I (Carlos is the Spanish form of "Charles") of Portugal was assassinated with his son in Lisbon.
1909: "Nation building" U.S. invasion forces left Cuba after installing the puppet/stooge Jose Miguel Gomez as President. When the people of Cuba later rose up to demand freedom and independence from foreign rule of their country, Gomez fled Cuba in 1920 and died in exile in New York City.
1920: The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP, the "Mounties") were established. They were created from the merger of the Northwest Mounted Police and Dominion Police.
1934: Austrian Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss dissolved all political parties except his own "Fatherland Front." Another Austrian, Adolf Hitler, had just been elected as Chancellor in Germany (see Is Iniquity Liberal Or Conservative? and Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).
1949: Israel formally annexed "West Jerusalem" (see the series of Jerusalem history studies beginning with A History Of Jerusalem: In The Beginning).
1958: Egypt and Syria proclaimed their union as "The United Arab Republic."
1979: In Teheran, Iran, the Ayatollah Khomeini returned from 15 years of exile in France. The Shah (king) had fled the country 2 weeks earlier for exile in the U.S.
2003: The U.S. Space Shuttle Columbia disintegrated upon re-entry killing all 7 astronauts aboard: Rick Husband, Michael Anderson, David Brown, Kalpana Chawla, Laurel Clark, William McCool, and the first Israeli astronaut, Ilan Ramon.
2004: 251 Muslims were trampled to death and 244 injured in a stampede at the Hajj pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia.