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Thursday, February 14 2019
A Bible Journey, 117: True Value
"The priest shall value it, whether it be good or bad"
The English-language word "value" is from a Latin word, valere, that meant to be strong. The words valor, which means to face danger with courage, and valid, which has come to mean genuine, or worthy i.e. not worthless, also originated from the same root word.
The King James translation used "value" to translate the Hebrew word of the Holy Scriptures, pronounced aw-rawk, which meant to order, as in to arrange according to worth, or worthiness.
The intent of the Biblical term was to measure productive value. It was applied to people when making an offering to the LORD. The quantity varied according to each person's ability and stage of life - the value of their offering, although different in amount, was equal in means to each individual (the principle is similar to the modern-day "tax bracket" rates).
"27:1 And the LORD [Who was and is Jesus Christ; see The Real Jesus: The Word Of The LORD God and A Bible Journey, 56: The Sacred Name] spake unto Moses, saying, 27:2 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When a man shall make a singular vow, the persons shall be for the LORD by thy estimation. 27:3 And thy estimation shall be of the male from twenty years old even unto sixty years old, even thy estimation shall be fifty shekels of silver, after the shekel of the sanctuary. 27:4 And if it be a female, then thy estimation shall be thirty shekels. 27:5 And if it be from five years old even unto twenty years old, then thy estimation shall be of the male twenty shekels, and for the female ten shekels. 27:6 And if it be from a month old even unto five years old, then thy estimation shall be of the male five shekels of silver, and for the female thy estimation shall be three shekels of silver. 27:7 And if it be from sixty years old and above; if it be a male, then thy estimation shall be fifteen shekels, and for the female ten shekels. 27:8 But if he be poorer than thy estimation, then he shall present himself before the priest, and the priest shall value him; according to his ability that vowed shall the priest value him." (Leviticus 27:1-8 KJV)
The principle was levied across all sorts of property. All were valued according to how productive they actually were - there was no "speculation" market in which (to use the modern term) "the bubble would burst" when the reality of the true value was encountered, sooner or later (see also A Bible Journey, 115: The Year Of The Jubilee).
"27:9 And if it be a beast, whereof men bring an offering unto the LORD, all that any man giveth of such unto the LORD shall be holy. 27:10 He shall not alter it, nor change it, a good for a bad, or a bad for a good: and if he shall at all change beast for beast, then it and the exchange thereof shall be holy. 27:11 And if it be any unclean beast, of which they do not offer a sacrifice unto the LORD, then he shall present the beast before the priest: 27:12 And the priest shall value it, whether it be good or bad: as thou valuest it, who art the priest, so shall it be. 27:13 But if he will at all redeem it, then he shall add a fifth part thereof unto thy estimation.
The firstlings were priceless for their Messianic prophetic principle (i.e. see The Forerunner Of Man and Of God).
"27:26 Only the firstling of the beasts, which should be the LORD'S firstling, no man shall sanctify it; whether it be ox, or sheep: it is the LORD'S. 27:27 And if it be of an unclean beast, then he shall redeem it according to thine estimation, and shall add a fifth part of it thereto: or if it be not redeemed, then it shall be sold according to thy estimation." (Leviticus 27:26-27 KJV)
Devoted things were absolute - what was right could never be lost.
"27:28 Notwithstanding no devoted thing, that a man shall devote unto the LORD of all that he hath, both of man and beast, and of the field of his possession, shall be sold or redeemed: every devoted thing is most holy unto the LORD. 27:29 None devoted, which shall be devoted of men, shall be redeemed; but shall surely be put to death." (Leviticus 27:28-29 KJV)
The principle of tithing was based upon the actually value of property.
"27:30 And all the tithe of the land, whether of the seed of the land, or of the fruit of the tree, is the LORD'S: it is holy unto the LORD. 27:31 And if a man will at all redeem ought of his tithes, he shall add thereto the fifth part thereof. 27:32 And concerning the tithe of the herd, or of the flock, even of whatsoever passeth under the rod, the tenth shall be holy unto the LORD. 27:33 He shall not search whether it be good or bad, neither shall he change it: and if he change it at all, then both it and the change thereof shall be holy; it shall not be redeemed." (Leviticus 27:30-33 KJV)
Fact Finder: How will the LORD's Judgment be based upon what is truly valuable to Him?
This Day In History, February 14
842: Charles the Bald and Louis the German swore the Oaths of Strasbourg.
1014: Pope Benedict VIII crowned Henry II as Holy Roman Emperor (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).
1076: Pope Gregory VII excommunicated Henry IV, the Holy Roman Emperor (see Emperors and Popes).
1349: 2,000 Jews were burned at the stake in Strasbourg, Germany.
1400: The deposed King Richard II died "under suspicious circumstances" in Pontefract Castle in Yorkshire.
1658: The Battle of Bahadurgarh; it helped to decide the war of succession among the sons of Shah Jahan, Mughal emperor of India.
1779: English explorer Captain James Cook was killed by natives in Hawaii.
1797: The British fleet, under Admirals John Jervis and Horatio Nelson, defeated the Spanish at the battle of St. Vincent off Portugal.
1804: Karadjordje led the First Serbian Uprising against the Ottoman Empire.
1876: Inventors Alexander Graham Bell and Elisha Gray applied separately for U.S. patents related to the telephone. The U.S. Supreme Court eventually ruled that Bell was the rightful inventor (by his own statement, Bell invented the telephone at his home in Brantford, Ontario, which is today a National Historic Site of Canada). Bell worked on many other inventions, including aircraft, at his later home in Nova Scotia, Canada, where he is buried.
1879: The War of the Pacific began between Chile and Bolivia.
1896: Der Judenstaat ("The Jewish State" - see A History Of Jerusalem: Zionism) by Theodor Herzl was published in Vienna; English and French translations soon followed.
1922: Italian inventor Guglielmo Marconi began the first regular radio broadcasting transmission from England.
1929: The "St. Valentine's Day Massacre" in Chicago. Al Capone's gang, in order to prevent the hijacking of whiskey shipments, killed 7 members of the Bugs Moran gang in a Chicago garage.
1939: The German navy launched the battleship Bismarck (named after German Emperor Bismarck).
1942: The German Afrika Korps was organized under the command of Lt. Gen. (later Field Marshall) Irwin Rommel. It consisted of two armored divisions and one motorized infantry division. After initial successes, the Afrika Korps was defeated by British and Canadian forces under Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery.
1944 The Mark I, the first computer that could perform arithmetical operations without human intervention, was completed by inventor Howard Aiken. It was 51 feet long, 8 feet high, and weighed 35 tons. It had about 500 miles of wire and 3 million connections (see also The Abacus - The First Computer).
1946: An "electronic brain", or "computer", began working at the University of Pennsylvania, taking seconds to do calculations which normally took hours. It was called ENIAC, or Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer.
1946: The Bank of England was nationalized.
1947: British Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin announced that Britain was turning the "Palestine situation" over to the United Nations (see A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate).
1949: The first session of the Constituent Assembly (later entitled the Knesset) of the new state of Israel was opened (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Israel Of Judah).
1958: The Arab Union, a federation of Jordan and Iraq, was formed to counter the formation of the United Arab Republic by Egypt and Syria 2 weeks earlier. King Hussein of Jordan dissolved it August 2 of that same year.
1971: Richard Nixon installed a secret taping system in the White House to record conversations of political enemies. The recording system later provided much of the criminal evidence that brought down paranoid Nixon himself (see also The Impeachment Of The President).
1989: Iran's Ayatollah Khomeini ordered a worldwide death sentence for writer Salman Rushdie for his book "The Satanic Verses (see also Has Another Haman Arisen?).
1992: The European Community and the seven-nation European Free Trade Association struck a final deal, clearing the way for the creation of the world's biggest single free market, exceeding that of the combined markets of the United States and Canada.