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Monday, February 18 2019
A Bible Journey, 121: The Three Branches Of Levi
"The sons of Levi; Gershon, Kohath, and Merari"
The Israelite patriarch Levi was one of the many sons (and one daughter; see A Bible Journey, 34: The Daughter Of Israel) of Jacob who were born in Syria before the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ; see The Real Jesus: The Word Of The LORD God and A Bible Journey, 56: The Sacred Name) changed his father Jacob's name to "Israel" (see A Bible Journey, 32: Thy Name Shall Be Called No More Jacob, But Israel).
"35:23 The sons of Leah [see The Mothers Of The Patriarchs: Leah]; Reuben, Jacob's firstborn, and Simeon, and Levi, and Judah, and Issachar, and Zebulun:
Levi himself had three sons, Gershon, Kohath and Merari, who entered Egypt with the Israelites during Jacob / Israel's lifetime (see A Bible Journey, 46: The Family At The Heart Of A Nation).
"46:2 And God spake unto Israel in the visions of the night, and said, Jacob, Jacob. And he said, Here am I. 46:3 And he said, I am God, the God of thy father: fear not to go down into Egypt; for I will there make of thee a great nation: 46:4 I will go down with thee into Egypt; and I will also surely bring thee up again: and Joseph shall put his hand upon thine eyes. 46:5 And Jacob rose up from Beersheba: and the sons of Israel carried Jacob their father, and their little ones, and their wives, in the wagons which Pharaoh had sent to carry him. 46:6 And they took their cattle, and their goods, which they had gotten in the land of Canaan, and came into Egypt, Jacob, and all his seed with him:" (Genesis 46:2-6 KJV)
The Israelites grew into a great multitude during the four hundred years that they remained in Egypt (see I Will There Make Of Thee A Great Nation). By the time of the Exodus, each tribe had itself grown into a multitude of tens of thousands (see A Bible Journey, 118: The Reckoning Of Israel In The Sinai).
The Levites were set apart, after the Exodus, by the LORD to prophetically serve Him at the Tabernacle (see A Bible Journey, 120: Why Was The House Of Aaron Made Holy? and A Bible Journey, 111: The Thousand Year Priesthood) according to the clans that descended from Levi's three sons Gershon, Kohath and Merari.
The Kohathite branch:
"4:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, saying, 4:2 Take the sum of the sons of Kohath from among the sons of Levi, after their families, by the house of their fathers, 4:3 From thirty years old and upward even until fifty years old, all that enter into the host, to do the work in the tabernacle of the congregation. 4:4 This shall be the service of the sons of Kohath in the tabernacle of the congregation, about the most holy things: 4:5 And when the camp setteth forward, Aaron shall come, and his sons, and they shall take down the covering vail, and cover the ark of testimony with it: 4:6 And shall put thereon the covering of badgers' skins, and shall spread over it a cloth wholly of blue, and shall put in the staves thereof.
The Gershonite branch:
"4:21 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,
The Merarite branch:
"4:29 As for the sons of Merari, thou shalt number them after their families, by the house of their fathers;
Moses and Aaron were brothers, of the Kohath clan (see also The Meeting Of Moses And Aaron).
"4:34 And Moses and Aaron and the chief of the congregation numbered the sons of the Kohathites after their families, and after the house of their fathers, 4:35 From thirty years old and upward even unto fifty years old, every one that entereth into the service, for the work in the tabernacle of the congregation: 4:36 And those that were numbered of them by their families were two thousand seven hundred and fifty. 4:37 These were they that were numbered of the families of the Kohathites, all that might do service in the tabernacle of the congregation, which Moses and Aaron did number according to the commandment of the LORD by the hand of Moses.
Fact Finder: (a) How and when was the Levite priesthood established? (b) How did the Levite priesthood change after the Babylonian exile? (c) How were faithful Levites always Christian, whether in the "Old" Testament era or the "New" Testament era?
This Day In History, February 18
1229: During the Sixth Crusade (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy and Emperor Constantine's Sun Dogs and A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad), "Holy Roman Emperor" (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation) Frederick II signed a truce with al-Kamil, thereby regaining Jerusalem.
1248: Imperial forces under Frederick II were defeated at Parma in Italy.
1478: George, the Duke of Clarence, was convicted of treason against his brother Edward IV, and then killed in the Tower of London by being drowned in a wine barrel.
1503: Henry Tudor (later Henry VIII) was made Prince of Wales.
1516: Mary I, Queen of England, was born. The daughter of Henry VIII and his first wife Catherine of Aragon (the Spanish-born daughter of the Roman Catholic monarchs King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain - the employers of Christopher Columbus and the founders of the Spanish Inquisition, including the torture of non-Catholics with "waterboarding"), she became known as "Bloody Mary" after her campaign against Protestants in England.
1546: Martin Luther, a monk who became a leader of the Protestant reformation, died at age 62. Despite their "protest," the Protestant churches maintain most of Rome's anti-Biblical doctrines (see Why Call Me, Lord, Lord, and Do Not The Things Which I Say?).
1564: Michelangelo Buonarotti (popularly known simply as "Michelangelo"), Italian painter, sculptor and architect, died.
1574: Zeeland fell to Dutch rebels.
1678: John Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress was first published, in Britain (see also The Pilgrims).
1688: Quakers in Germantown, Pennsylvania, adopted the first formal antislavery resolution in North America.
1861: In Italy, the first parliament met and proclaimed Victor Emmanuel as the first king of Italy.
1900: The Battle of Paardeberg began in the second Boer War. The Boers under Piet Cronje eventually surrendered on February 27 under British artillery.
1915: During the First Word War (1914-1918; see also The Assassination That Triggered Two World Wars), Germany began a submarine blockade of England.
1930: Clyde Tombaugh, working with photographic plates at the Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Arizona, discovered "Pluto," the 9th and smallest planet in the solar system.
1967: Robert Oppenheimer died. He was a prominent member of the team of physicists that produced the U.S. atomic bombs that incinerated the civilian populations (the Japanese attack on Pearl harbor was an attack on a military base) of the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945 (see also Who Would Throw A Nuclear Boomerang?).
The famous U.S. military photograph below shows the 20,000 foot "mushroom cloud" that was produced by the bombing of Hiroshima - a seething holocaust of dust and ashes that included the incinerated remains of about 150,000 men, women and children.
Three days later, a second U.S. atomic bomb destroyed another Japanese city - Nagasaki. The photograph below shows the towering "mushroom cloud" from that bombing - that also included the incinerated remains of over 100,000 men, women and children.
1979: Snow fell in the Sahara Desert in southern Algeria, the only time in recorded history.
1994: Representatives from 135 countries announced at a United Nations environmental conference that greenhouse gas emissions must be reduced to stop "global warming."