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Monday, March 4 2019

A Bible Journey, 135: The Levite Heir

"The tithes of the children of Israel, which they offer as an heave offering unto the LORD, I have given to the Levites to inherit: therefore I have said unto them, Among the children of Israel they shall have no inheritance"

The English-language word "heir" originated from a Latin word, hares, that meant to hold, or to succeed with, or as. The words inherit, heritage and hereditary are based on the word for heir. The Hebrew word of the Holy Scriptures has an identical meaning and application.

The English word "priest" originated from a Latin word, presbyter, that became a designation used for a religious official of the Church of Rome. English-language renderings of the Holy Scriptures typically use the word "priest" to translate the actual Hebrew word of the Bible, pronounced koh-hane, that is based upon a Hebrew root word that means a mediator, as in someone who serves as the means of communication between two separated people. In its present-day usage, religious or political, "minister" comes closer to expressing the meaning of the Hebrew word.

The Tabernacle

The LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ; see The Real Jesus: The Word Of The LORD God and A Bible Journey, 56: The Sacred Name) established the Levite "priesthood" as a prophetic portrayal of Christianity and the Messiah (see A Bible Journey, 120: Why Was The House Of Aaron Made Holy?). The "priesthood" was set apart in order to be a mediator, between God and man, and between man and God. If the Levites were not set apart, they would merely be of one of the sides, rather than the way between both sides. It's the same purpose that the area of the Tabernacle was "set apart."

"18:1 And the LORD said unto Aaron, Thou and thy sons and thy father's house with thee shall bear the iniquity of the sanctuary: and thou and thy sons with thee shall bear the iniquity of your priesthood. 18:2 And thy brethren also of the tribe of Levi, the tribe of thy father, bring thou with thee, that they may be joined unto thee, and minister unto thee: but thou and thy sons with thee shall minister before the tabernacle of witness. 18:3 And they shall keep thy charge, and the charge of all the tabernacle: only they shall not come nigh the vessels of the sanctuary and the altar, that neither they, nor ye also, die. 18:4 And they shall be joined unto thee, and keep the charge of the tabernacle of the congregation, for all the service of the tabernacle: and a stranger shall not come nigh unto you.

18:5 And ye shall keep the charge of the sanctuary, and the charge of the altar: that there be no wrath any more upon the children of Israel. 18:6 And I, behold, I have taken your brethren the Levites from among the children of Israel: to you they are given as a gift for the LORD, to do the service of the tabernacle of the congregation. 18:7 Therefore thou and thy sons with thee shall keep your priest's office for every thing of the altar, and within the vail; and ye shall serve: I have given your priest's office unto you as a service of gift: and the stranger that cometh nigh shall be put to death." (Numbers 18:1-7 KJV)

The Tabernacle

The offerings made by the people were "delivered" by the priests, most-particularly the High Priest i.e. the leading mediator - who represented Jesus Christ (see the Fact Finder question below).

"18:8 And the LORD spake unto Aaron, Behold, I also have given thee the charge of mine heave offerings of all the hallowed things of the children of Israel; unto thee have I given them by reason of the anointing, and to thy sons, by an ordinance for ever. 18:9 This shall be thine of the most holy things, reserved from the fire: every oblation of theirs, every meat offering of theirs, and every sin offering of theirs, and every trespass offering of theirs, which they shall render unto me, shall be most holy for thee and for thy sons. 18:10 In the most holy place shalt thou eat it; every male shall eat it: it shall be holy unto thee.

18:11 And this is thine; the heave offering of their gift, with all the wave offerings of the children of Israel: I have given them unto thee, and to thy sons and to thy daughters with thee, by a statute for ever: every one that is clean in thy house shall eat of it.

18:12 All the best of the oil, and all the best of the wine, and of the wheat, the firstfruits of them which they shall offer unto the LORD, them have I given thee. 18:13 And whatsoever is first ripe in the land, which they shall bring unto the LORD, shall be thine; every one that is clean in thine house shall eat of it.

The High Priest 18:14 Every thing devoted in Israel shall be thine. 18:15 Every thing that openeth the matrix in all flesh, which they bring unto the LORD, whether it be of men or beasts, shall be thine: nevertheless the firstborn of man shalt thou surely redeem, and the firstling of unclean beasts shalt thou redeem. 18:16 And those that are to be redeemed from a month old shalt thou redeem, according to thine estimation, for the money of five shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary, which is twenty gerahs.

18:17 But the firstling of a cow, or the firstling of a sheep, or the firstling of a goat, thou shalt not redeem; they are holy: thou shalt sprinkle their blood upon the altar, and shalt burn their fat for an offering made by fire, for a sweet savour unto the LORD. 18:18 And the flesh of them shall be thine, as the wave breast and as the right shoulder are thine. 18:19 All the heave offerings of the holy things, which the children of Israel offer unto the LORD, have I given thee, and thy sons and thy daughters with thee, by a statute for ever: it is a covenant of salt for ever before the LORD unto thee and to thy seed with thee." (Numbers 18:8-19 KJV)

When the Israelites entered the promised land, each tribe was given an inheritance, except for the Levites who lived throughout the other tribes. The "inheritance" of the Levites were the tithes that the other tribes paid to the LORD, not to the priests directly, Who then gave it to the "priests" as a living means to enable them to do their service to both sides. The people paid the tithes to the LORD, after which the LORD paid the tithes to the Levites: "the tithes of the children of Israel, which they offer as an heave offering unto the LORD, I have given to the Levites to inherit." The Levites were supported by both sides of their mediation.

"18:20 And the LORD spake unto Aaron, Thou shalt have no inheritance in their land, neither shalt thou have any part among them: I am thy part and thine inheritance among the children of Israel.

18:21 And, behold, I have given the children of Levi all the tenth in Israel for an inheritance, for their service which they serve, even the service of the tabernacle of the congregation. 18:22 Neither must the children of Israel henceforth come nigh the tabernacle of the congregation, lest they bear sin, and die. 18:23 But the Levites shall do the service of the tabernacle of the congregation, and they shall bear their iniquity: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations, that among the children of Israel they have no inheritance. 18:24 But the tithes of the children of Israel, which they offer as an heave offering unto the LORD, I have given to the Levites to inherit: therefore I have said unto them, Among the children of Israel they shall have no inheritance." (Numbers 18:20-24 KJV)

The Levites then paid a tithe of the tithe. Why? To account for their own humanity:

"18:25 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 18:26 Thus speak unto the Levites, and say unto them, When ye take of the children of Israel the tithes which I have given you from them for your inheritance, then ye shall offer up an heave offering of it for the LORD, even a tenth part of the tithe. 18:27 And this your heave offering shall be reckoned unto you, as though it were the corn of the threshingfloor, and as the fulness of the winepress. 18:28 Thus ye also shall offer an heave offering unto the LORD of all your tithes, which ye receive of the children of Israel; and ye shall give thereof the LORD'S heave offering to Aaron the priest. 18:29 Out of all your gifts ye shall offer every heave offering of the LORD, of all the best thereof, even the hallowed part thereof out of it.

18:30 Therefore thou shalt say unto them, When ye have heaved the best thereof from it, then it shall be counted unto the Levites as the increase of the threshingfloor, and as the increase of the winepress. 18:31 And ye shall eat it in every place, ye and your households: for it is your reward for your service in the tabernacle of the congregation. 18:32 And ye shall bear no sin by reason of it, when ye have heaved from it the best of it: neither shall ye pollute the holy things of the children of Israel, lest ye die." (Numbers 18:25-32 KJV)

Fact Finder: How did the Messiah make it possible for humans to become heirs of God?
See The Day Of Atonement: Deliverance Of The Passover Blood and God The Father In Law


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This Day In History, March 4

51: Nero (who later became Emperor Nero; see The Roman Emperors: Nero) was given the title Princeps Iuventutis (in Latin meaning the first youth, or literally, the juvenile prince).

Nero

527: In Constantinople (the city was named after the Roman Emperor Constantine; see Emperor Constantine's Sun Dogs), a gravely ill Justin crowned his nephew Justinian as co-emperor.

1152: Frederick I Barbarossa was proclaimed King of the German tribes. Germany became "the Holy Roman Empire" (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).

Europe in 560
1461: During England's Wars of the Roses, Lancastrian King Henry VI was deposed by his Yorkist cousin, who then became King Edward IV.

1493: Christopher Columbus returned (aboard the Nina) to Lisbon, Portugal from his voyage to "America" (actually only the islands of the Caribbean; see the map at Thanksgiving In History and Prophecy). Columbus did not "discover America" - Vikings arrived in continental America, in what is today eastern Canada, over 500 years before Columbus was even born.

Vikings

Vikings

1507: Future Protestant "reformer" (although, like nearly all of the Christian-professing world, Luther's doctrines never actually changed; he merely rejected the Papacy's leadership) Martin Luther, at age 21, was ordained a priest in the Roman Catholic church.

1519: Hernan Cortes arrived in Mexico on a mission of conquest and plunder of the Aztec civilization. When Mexico became independent from Spain in 1821, it held the vast area of North and Central America that had been explored and claimed by Spain. That included the areas shown on the map below - that are today known as California, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico and Texas (see also The Mexican Border Wall).

Mexico

1541: Ignatius of Loyola became the first superior-general of the Jesuits.

1581: England's Frances Drake and his crew completed the circumnavigation of the world.

Francis Drake

1628: The Massachusetts Bay Colony was granted a Royal charter for English pioneers to build a civilization in the wilderness later to be known as "New England."

1665: King Charles II of England declared war on the Netherlands, thereby beginning the Second Anglo-Dutch War.

1675: John Flamsteed was appointed the first Astronomer Royal of England.

1681: King Charles II granted a land charter to English developer William Penn to create a civilization out of the wilderness area that would later be named after Penn - Pennsylvania (after completing his assigned task, Penn returned home and is buried in England).

1687: James II ordered his Declaration of Indulgence read in church, allowing for full liberty of worship in England. It allowed peaceable meetings of nonconformists and forgave all penalties for ecclesiastical offenses.

1791: The British House of Commons introduced the Constitutional Act which defined Upper and Lower Canada - geographic terms based merely upon the flow of the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River to the Atlantic Ocean. "Upper" Canada was what is today southern Ontario and "Lower" Canada was what is today southern Quebec i.e. Upper Canada was upriver of Lower Canada.

Ontario

1812: The former French territory of Orleans became a U.S. state, with the name Louisiana (named after the French King Louis).

1905: An earthquake in Kangra India, killed 375,000 people.

1918: During the First World War (1914-1918; see also The Assassination That Triggered Two World Wars), the Battle of the Somme ended.

1936: The first flight of the airship Hindenburg was made in Germany (see also Who Was The First To Fly? and The Rockets' Red Glare).

Hindenburg

1947: The Dunkirk Treaty of alliance was concluded between Britain and France. Its aim was to meet the danger of any new German aggression, while at the same time serving as a Western European grouping of nations to stand against further communist expansion. The formation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) would follow.

1949: 12 nations - the U.S., Canada, Britain, France, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Denmark, Norway, Iceland and Portugal - founded the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). West Germany, Greece, Turkey and Spain joined later.

1960: The French freighter La Coubre exploded in Havana, Cuba, killing 100 people.

1970: The French submarine Eurydice exploded underwater, the entire 57-man crew were lost.

1976: The Northern Ireland Constitutional Convention was formally dissolved. Direct rule of Northern Ireland by the British Parliament began.

1983 The first launch of the space shuttle Challenger. It was in service less than 3 years before exploding shortly after launch on January 28, 1986.

Challenger

1986: The Soviet Vega 1 spacecraft began transmitting images of Halley's Comet, and the first images of its nucleus, back to Earth.

1991: Sheikh Saad Al-Abdallah Al-Salim Al-Sabah, the Prime Minister of Kuwait, returned to his country after Iraq's invasion.

2009: The International Criminal Court issued a warrant for the arrest of Sudan's President Omar Hassan al-Bashir on charges of war crimes and crimes against humanity.


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