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Sunday, May 12 2019
A Bible Journey, 184: Why Joshua Had To Succeed Moses
"Moses called unto Joshua, and said unto him in the sight of all Israel, Be strong and of a good courage: for thou must go with this people unto the land which the LORD hath sworn unto their fathers to give them; and thou shalt cause them to inherit it"
"Succession" is a legal term that originated from an ancient Latin word, successum, that meant to continue on in place of another i.e. a continuance. By definition, "succession" is conservative because it conserves what exists. The word "success" is merely an abbreviation of that conservative principle (the reason why "conservatives" are generally more long term successful in life - liberals can be successful too, but by definition they don't conserve what they have acquired or accomplished).
"Succussion" (with a letter u rather than a letter e), although sounding similar to succession, is actually opposite in meaning. It originated from another Latin word, succussio, that means to shake, as in to shake something apart. Succussion is not conservative because it breaks apart, rather than conserves, what exists. "Succession" is conservative, while "succussion" is liberal. Joshua's LORD-appointed leadership of Israel was a succession of Moses, not a succussion from Moses.
But why did Moses need to have someone else finish what he started? Why did someone have to "success" Moses?
The adult Israelites at the time of the Exodus were a unique generation.
The result for Moses is that he was unable to lead the Israelites into the Promised Land, as he would have done if they had not been rebellious (see A Bible Journey, 133: The Spirit Of Rebellion and A Bible Journey, 154: How The Rebellion Changed History). Instead, Moses spent forty years in the Sinai, leading that generation in circles until they all died off (see A Bible Journey, 155: Their Journey Back To Egypt Today).
During that time as well, out of frustration with the whining rebels that he had been given to lead, Moses made a mistake (see A Bible Journey, 137: What Did Moses and Aaron Lose At Meribah?) that cost him his own entry into the Promised Land (although we know for certain, from the Holy Scriptures, that Moses will be in the Kingdom of God, the ultimate Promised Land - see the Fact Finder question below). The LORD therefore commanded Moses to appoint Joshua to lead the Israelites home.
"31:1 And Moses went and spake these words unto all Israel. 31:2 And he said unto them, I am an hundred and twenty years old this day; I can no more go out and come in: also the LORD hath said unto me, Thou shalt not go over this Jordan. 31:3 The LORD thy God, he will go over before thee, and he will destroy these nations from before thee, and thou shalt possess them: and Joshua, he shall go over before thee, as the LORD hath said. 31:4 And the LORD shall do unto them as he did to Sihon and to Og, kings of the Amorites, and unto the land of them, whom he destroyed. 31:5 And the LORD shall give them up before your face, that ye may do unto them according unto all the commandments which I have commanded you. 31:6 Be strong and of a good courage, fear not, nor be afraid of them: for the LORD thy God, he it is that doth go with thee; he will not fail thee, nor forsake thee.
If the Israelites had entered the Promised Land, forty years earlier when they first had the opportunity, there would be no Book of Deuteronomy in the Bible (see A Bible Journey, 158: God's Law To The Children).
"31:9 And Moses wrote this law, and delivered it unto the priests the sons of Levi, which bare the ark of the covenant of the LORD, and unto all the elders of Israel. 31:10 And Moses commanded them, saying, At the end of every seven years, in the solemnity of the year of release, in the feast of tabernacles, 31:11 When all Israel is come to appear before the LORD thy God in the place which he shall choose, thou shalt read this law before all Israel in their hearing. 31:12 Gather the people together, men, and women, and children, and thy stranger that is within thy gates, that they may hear, and that they may learn, and fear the LORD your God, and observe to do all the words of this law: 31:13 And that their children, which have not known any thing, may hear, and learn to fear the LORD your God, as long as ye live in the land whither ye go over Jordan to possess it." (Deuteronomy 21:9-13 KJV)
The Book of Deuteronomy was both a history lesson to the children and grandchildren of the adult Exodus generation and a reiteration of the original Book of the Law (see A Bible Journey, 159: Who Knows The Way To The Land Of Milk And Honey?).
"31:14 And the LORD said unto Moses, Behold, thy days approach that thou must die: call Joshua, and present yourselves in the tabernacle of the congregation, that I may give him a charge. And Moses and Joshua went, and presented themselves in the tabernacle of the congregation.
Fact Finder: From what Messianic prophetic vision do we know that Moses will be in the future Kingdom of God?
This Day In History, May 12
922: Abbasid envoy and historian Ahmad ibn Fadlan arrived in the lands of Volga Bulgars.
1096: Before leaving on the First Crusade (the "Crusades" were wars by Roman Catholics against Muslims for control of "the Holy Land" - see Emperor Constantine's Sun Dogs and Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy and A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad), Count Emich von Leiningen and his army swept through their own German homeland, murdering thousands of Jews who they declared "murderers of Christ" (see Hate Jews? and 'His Blood Be On Us And Our Children'). When Emich arrived in the town of Worms (the English rendering of the German Vorms), the town's Roman Catholic bishop tried to protect the Jewish population, but the Crusaders overran his palace and slaughtered about 500 people who had taken shelter there. Another 300 were killed over the next 2 days. The graves of the massacre victims can still be seen at the Jewish Cemetery at Worms.
1191: King Richard I of England married Berengaria of Navarre, the daughter of King Sancho VI of Navarre and Sancha of Castile.
1264: The Battle of Lewes between King Henry III of England and the rebel Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester, began.
1310: 54 Knights Templars were burned at the stake as heretics in France. Established during the Crusades to protect pilgrims traveling to the Holy Land, this military order came into increasing conflict with Rome until Clement V officially dissolved it in 1312 at the Council of Vienna.
1364: Jagiellonian University, the oldest university in Poland, was founded in Krakow.
1551: The National University of San Marcos, the oldest university in America, was founded in Lima, Peru.
1689: King William's War: William III of England joined the League of Augsburg in a war with France.
1743: Maria Theresa of Austria was crowned Queen of Bohemia after defeating her rival, Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor.
1797: French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte conquered Venice.
1820: Florence Nightingale, the founder of modern nursing, was born in England.
1870: Canada bought Manitoba (see the map below) from the Hudson's Bay Company and made it a Canadian province.
1885: During the North-West Rebellion, the four-day Battle of Batoche was fought between the Canadian government and rebel Metis. It ended with a decisive rebel defeat.
1926: Norwegian Roald Amundsen, Italian Umberto Nobile and Lincoln Ellsworth of the U.S. crossed the North Pole in the Italian-built airship Norge.
1932: The body of the kidnapped son of Charles and Anne Lindberg was found in a wooded area of Hopewell, New Jersey.
1937: King George VI of Britain was crowned at Westminster Abbey in London. Princess Elizabeth, today Queen Elizabeth II, became heir to the throne.
1949: The Berlin Airlift ended when the Soviet blockade was lifted. The airlift began on June 26 1948 (see also Russia Or Europe - Who Has Been The Invader?).
1955: Austria regained its independence as the Allied occupation following the Second World War ended (Adolf Hitler was born in Austria; he later moved to Germany and became a German citizen; see also The Assassination That Triggered Two World Wars).
1958: The North American Aerospace Defense Command agreement was signed between the U.S. and Canada.
1965: West Germany and Israel exchanged letters establishing diplomatic relations.
1965: The unmanned Soviet spacecraft Luna 5 landed on the Moon.
1975: As U.S. military involvement in Vietnam came to an end, Cambodia seized the U.S. merchant ship Mayaguez.
1982: An "ultraconservative" Spanish priest with a bayonet attempted to assassinate Pope John Paul II during a procession in Fatima, Portugal. The priest claimed that the Pope was an "agent of Russia" who was destroying the Church of Rome with liberal reforms.
2002: Former U.S. President Jimmy Carter arrived in Cuba for talks with Fidel Castro, thereby becoming the first President of the U.S., in or out of office, to visit the island since Castro's 1959 revolution that overthrew the CIA and Mafia controlled regime of Fulgencio Batista.
2008: An earthquake measuring magnitude 8.0 occurred in Sichuan, China, killing over 69,000 people.