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Monday, July 1 2019
A Bible Journey, 196: The Turn Of Gibeon
"At the end of three days after they had made a league with them, that they heard that they were their neighbours, and that they dwelt among them"
Gibeon, from the Hebrew word pronounced gib-own meaning hilly, was located about 10 kilometers / 6 miles northwest of Jerusalem (see also Biblical Eras: The City Of David - When Jerusalem Became An Israelite City).
The location provided Gibeon to be the site of many well-known events of Bible history during the period from Joshua (see A Bible Journey, 144: The Succession Of Joshua and A Bible Journey, 188: What Did The LORD Command Joshua To Do?) to King Solomon (see Biblical Eras: The Golden Age Of King Solomon and Biblical Eras: Solomon's Idolatry and The Division Of Israel).
The area of Gibeon was also the place of one of the first recorded uses of "air support" of an army, The LORD's bombardment of Canaanite armies with large hail stones, and of the miraculous "long day" battle.
When the Israelite victories over Jericho (see A Bible Journey, 193: The Fall Of The Walls Of The City Of Palm Trees) and Ai (see A Bible Journey, 195: Who Got Ambushed By The LORD?) became widely known throughout the land of Canaan, the otherwise independent and conflicting Canaanite nations "gathered themselves together, to fight with Joshua and with Israel, with one accord."
"9:1 And it came to pass, when all the kings which were on this side Jordan, in the hills, and in the valleys, and in all the coasts of the great sea over against Lebanon, the Hittite, and the Amorite, the Canaanite, the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite, heard thereof; 9:2 That they gathered themselves together, to fight with Joshua and with Israel, with one accord." (Joshua 9:1-2 KJV)
Gibeon was next in line in the advance of the Israelites after Ai. Rather than attempting to fight however, the Gibeonites used a convincing deception that enabled them to make a peace treaty with the Israelites - albeit a stolen peace.
"9:3 And when the inhabitants of Gibeon heard what Joshua had done unto Jericho and to Ai, 9:4 They did work wilily, and went and made as if they had been ambassadors, and took old sacks upon their asses, and wine bottles, old, and rent, and bound up; 9:5 And old shoes and clouted upon their feet, and old garments upon them; and all the bread of their provision was dry and mouldy. 9:6 And they went to Joshua unto the camp at Gilgal, and said unto him, and to the men of Israel, We be come from a far country: now therefore make ye a league with us.
Joshua had been suspicious of them, but he did not seek the counsel of the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ; see The Real Jesus: The Word Of The LORD God and A Bible Journey, 56: The Sacred Name). A few days later, the Israelites discovered that they had been deceived. While some may suggest that the Israelites should not have considered themselves bound by a treaty made under false pretenses, Joshua nevertheless honored his word.
"9:16 And it came to pass at the end of three days after they had made a league with them, that they heard that they were their neighbours, and that they dwelt among them. 9:17 And the children of Israel journeyed, and came unto their cities on the third day. Now their cities were Gibeon, and Chephirah, and Beeroth, and Kirjathjearim. 9:18 And the children of Israel smote them not, because the princes of the congregation had sworn unto them by the LORD God of Israel.
Fact Finder: What does the Holy Bible actually say about the people of Canaan? Were the first Jews the children of two Canaanite women?
This Day In History, July 1
69: The accession of Vespasian, the 9th Roman emperor (see The Roman Emperors: Vespasian). He reigned 69-79 AD, during the time that Jerusalem was destroyed, as prophesied by Jesus Christ (see What Did Jesus Christ Say About Those Stones? and A History Of Jerusalem: Titus And The Zealots).
552: The Battle of Taginae in Italy. Byzantine (East Roman Empire) forces under Narses defeated the Ostrogoths.
1431: During the "Reconquista" (the seven century struggle, from about 710 to 1490, of the Church of Rome's forces to retaken Spain from Islamic armies that invaded and occupied it), the Battle of La Higueruela was fought in Granada (see also A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad).
1523: The Church of Rome (see also Romans 1: Paul's Letter To The True Church Of Rome) had Johann Esch and Heinrich Voes burned alive at the stake. They are regarded by some historians as "the first Lutheran martyrs."
1535: Sir Thomas More went on trial in England for treason.
1543: England and Scotland signed the Peace of Greenwich, providing for the marriage of Prince Edward Tudor and Mary, Queen of Scots.
1569: The Union of Lublin merged Poland and Lithuania.
1596: An English fleet captured and sacked Cadiz, Spain (see also Send In The Marines).
1690: England's Protestant King William III defeated Roman Catholic King James II in Battle of the Boyne in Ireland.
1690: French forces defeated the forces of the Grand Alliance at Fleurus in the Netherlands.
1770: Lexell's Comet missed the Earth by less distance than any other comet in recorded, a distance of 0.0146 astronomical unit (i.e. an astronomical unit is the distance between the earth and the sun).
1782: U.S. pirates attacked and looted the English settlement at Lunenburg, Nova Scotia.
1810: Louis, king of Holland, abdicated after pressure from Napoleon.
1858: A reading of the "evolution" works of Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace was held at the Linnean Society in London (see also Rescuing Charles Darwin From The Atheists).
1862: The Russian State Library was founded.
1863: The Battle of Gettysburg began during the U.S. Civil War.
1867: The British North America Act of 1867 created the Canadian Confederation. John A. Macdonald was sworn in as the first Prime Minister of Canada. July 1 has since then been Canada's National Holiday.
1881: The world's first international telephone call was connected, from St. Stephen, New Brunswick, Canada to Calais, Maine.
1899: The Gideon Society (famous for placing Bibles in hotel rooms) was established in Wisconsin by 3 traveling businessmen.
1908: SOS was adopted as an international distress signal.
1919: The German Weimar Republic was proclaimed.
1942: During the Second World War, first Battle of El Alamein began in Egypt between British and Commonwealth forces and Hitler's Nazi Panzerarmee Afrika.
1958: The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) began nationwide television broadcasting across Canada by means of microwave relay.
1962: Algerian independence was granted after a referendum in France and Algeria. Of the 210,000 Muslim Algerians who had served in the French army, only a minority took refuge in France. Estimates vary between 30,000 and 150,000 of those who stayed behind were executed or murdered.
1982: The new Canadian Constitution was signed in Ottawa by Queen Elizabeth II.
1990: The West-German Deutschmark became the official currency of the new united Germany.
2002: The International Criminal Court was established to prosecute individuals for "genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and the crime of aggression." The Court remains mostly impotent because most of the world's worst war criminals are found in nations that also have the largest military forces that refuse to prosecute their troops who commit rape and murder.
2007: Smoking was banned in all public indoor spaces in England.