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Wednesday, July 3 2019
A Bible Journey, 198: The Sabbath From War
"Joshua took the whole land, according to all that the LORD said unto Moses; and Joshua gave it for an inheritance unto Israel according to their divisions by their tribes. And the land rested from war"
Various, but related, Biblical Hebrew words are translated into the English language as "rest."
The first, pronounced shaw-bawth (from which came the English "Sabbath"), means to cease from labour. That was the word translated as "rested" when the LORD finished His work of Creation. While many have come to regard the word "Sabbath" as referring to just a single day, in the case of the Seventh Day, that day was declared a Sabbath, a rest (see also Creation Day 7: The Week And The Christian Sabbath).
2:2 And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. 2:3 And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made." (Genesis 2:1-3 KJV)
The LORD did not become tired or weary when He "rested" by ceasing from His labour. Humans do become weary however, which is why a different Hebrew word, pronounced noo-awkh, was used for "rest" in the Fourth Commandment - a two part Commandment: 6 days of the week to work, then 1 day of the week to rest (see The Fourth Commandment Is About Every Day). That "rest" includes to finish a work, as the LORD did, but also means a physical rest for humans. The various words used for Sabbath are specific to a kind of Sabbath.
"20:8 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.
So too, another Hebrew word, pronounced shaw-kawt, while translated as "rest" or "rested" or "quietness," means to become quiet or to become at peace. The word is related to "Sabbath," and means Sabbath, but it is used in the Holy Scriptures to refer to peace that is achieved after military victory. It literally means a Sabbath Peace. Examples:
"8:28 Thus was Midian subdued before the children of Israel, so that they lifted up their heads no more. And the country was in quietness forty years in the days of Gideon." (Judges 8:28 KJV)
As shown in the example above, "the land had rest from war," that is, a Sabbath from war, when Joshua completed the military tasks that the LORD have assigned to him (see also A Bible Journey, 188: What Did The LORD Command Joshua To Do?).
The LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ; see The Real Jesus: The Word Of The LORD God and A Bible Journey, 56: The Sacred Name) commanded Joshua to continue the final attack, "for to morrow about this time will I deliver them up all slain before Israel."
"11:6 And the LORD said unto Joshua, Be not afraid because of them: for to morrow about this time will I deliver them up all slain before Israel: thou shalt hough their horses, and burn their chariots with fire." (Joshua 11:6 KJV)
Only after those victories, "the land rested from war." The land and its people achieved a Sabbath from war.
"11:7 So Joshua came, and all the people of war with him, against them by the waters of Merom suddenly; and they fell upon them. 11:8 And the LORD delivered them into the hand of Israel, who smote them, and chased them unto great Zidon, and unto Misrephothmaim, and unto the valley of Mizpeh eastward; and they smote them, until they left them none remaining. 11:9 And Joshua did unto them as the LORD bade him: he houghed their horses, and burnt their chariots with fire.
Fact Finder: When will the world experience a permanent Sabbath from war?
This Day In History
This Day In History, July 3
324: The Battle of Adrianople. Constantine defeated Licinius (see Emperor Constantine's Sun Dogs and Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy and A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad).
987: Hugh Capet was crowned King of France, beginning the Capetian dynasty that would rule France until the French Revolution in 1792.
1035: William the Conqueror became the Duke of Normandy.
1608: Samuel de Champlain established a settlement at Quebec City, the first in "New France" (see also Thanksgiving In History and Prophecy). A few days later, Champlain learned of and thwarted a plot within his own people to end the French fur trading monopoly - to shoot Champlain and hand Quebec to the Basques of Spain.
1754: During the Seven Years War (a European and North American conflict; in North America it is commonly known as the French and Indian War), British forces under George Washington (then a loyal Major in the British Army in Virginia) surrendered Fort Necessity to the French.
Although known only as "the French and Indian War" in the U.S., it was actually a world war, fought on a larger geographic scale (Europe, North America, Central America, the West African coast, India, and the Philippines) than the two world wars of the twentieth century.
1814: During the War of 1812 (1812-14), Fort Erie, Ontario was briefly captured by a U.S. invasion force. It was the last time that foreign troops occupied Canadian territory.
1844: The last known pair of Great Auks (similar in appearance to penguins) were killed. An account by Aaron Thomas of HMS Boston in 1794 describes how the peaceful birds were slaughtered with extreme cruelty for decades until there were none left:
"If you come for their Feathers you do not give yourself the trouble of killing them, but lay hold of one and pluck the best of the Feathers. You then turn the poor Penguin adrift, with his skin half naked and torn off, to perish at his leasure. This is not a very humane method but it is the common practize. While you abide on this island you are in the constant practize of horrid cruelties for you not only skin them Alive, but you burn them Alive also to cook their Bodies with. You take a kettle with you into which you put a Penguin or two, you kindle a fire under it, and this fire is absolutely made of the unfortunate Penguins themselves. Their bodies being oily soon produce a Flame; there is no wood on the island."
1886: Karl Benz of Germany introduced the Benz Patent Motorwagen, the first automobile.
1928: In London, John Logie Baird transmitted the world's first color television transmission.
1940: British forces attacked and severely damaged the French fleet at its moorings at Mers-El-Kebir after the Frsench admirals refused to sail it out of Petain's Vichy government control (which was collaborating with their Nazi conquerors). Over 1,300 French sailors were killed in the action.
1962: President Charles de Gaulle of France declared Algeria independent, ending the Algerian War of Independence against France.
1976: Israeli commandos, using 4 Hercules transports and a Boeing 707 command plane, conducted the "Raid on Entebbe" in Idi Amin's Uganda to rescue the hostages (83 of whom were Israelis threatened with death if the Israeli government did not release the 53 Palestinian terrorists it held) aboard an Air France airliner that had been hijacked shortly after takeoff from Athens airport on June 27. The terrorists and a number of Ugandan soldiers were killed; of the 104 captives rescued, 4 were killed. An Israeli officer, Lt. Col. Yonatan Netanyahu (brother of then future Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu) was the only Israeli military casualty (see also Israel's Wars In The Twentieth Century).
1979: The U.S. began supplying insurgent forces in Afghanistan with military equipment to fight the Russian invasion of Afghanistan (a few years later, the U.S. found itself fighting those same Afghan defenders after the U.S. invaded Afghanistan).
1987: In France, Klaus Barbie, the Nazi "butcher of Lyon," was jailed for life for wartime crimes against humanity.
1988: The U.S. missile cruiser Vincennes shot down Iran Air Flight 655 over the Persian Gulf just off the coast of Iran, killing all 290 civilian passengers and crew aboard. The captain of the warship claimed that he mistook the unarmed airliner, flying on its authorized flight plan, for a hostile military aircraft.
1996: British Prime Minister John Major announced that The Stone of Scone ("The Stone of Destiny" beneath the seat of the Coronation Chair) would be returned to Scotland. The announcement came on the 700th anniversary of the 400 pound slab of reddish-grey sandstone being taken from the Scottish by Edward I in 1296 during the Wars of Independence.
2006: An asteroid passed within 432,308 kilometers / 268,624 miles of Earth - only about the distance between the Earth and moon (see also When Space Rocks Collide With Earth).