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Thursday, July 4 2019

A Bible Journey, 199: When Did Abraham Become A King?

"And Abram fell on his face: and God talked with him, saying, As for Me, behold, My covenant is with thee, and thou shalt be a father of many nations. Neither shall thy name any more be called Abram, but thy name shall be Abraham; for a father of many nations have I made thee"

"King" has become a political term, a title, for a leader of a nation. But it did not originate as such, in the English language, or in Biblical Hebrew. "King" began as a term for the father of people - the king of a kin.

How did king become a political term?

Some families, with their father the head of the kin (i.e. the patriarch; patriotism, which literally means faithful to the father, originated as a family term, not a political one), grew from households, to large encampments or settlements, to cities and then to sovereign territories known as "countries" i.e. a nation, which means nativity, or a family of birth, are the people who inhabit a territory, a sovereign (local "sole reign," in contrast to "far reign" "foreign") country. "Nation" and "country" do not necessarily mean the same thing.

Abraham, was a native-born Babylonian (see Abraham's Exodus). Israelites and Jews didn't yet exist in the lifetime of Abraham; they were his great-grandchildren; see Biblical Eras: Abraham, Isaac And Jacob Were Not Israelites Or Jews). Abraham was never a political king, but he was indeed a king of many nations i.e. the father of many lines of his descendants.

Abraham Altar

"17:3 And Abram fell on his face: and God talked with him, saying,

17:4 As for me, behold, my covenant is with thee, and thou shalt be a father of many nations. 17:5 Neither shall thy name any more be called Abram, but thy name shall be Abraham; for a father of many nations have I made thee.

17:6 And I will make thee exceeding fruitful, and I will make nations of thee, and kings shall come out of thee.

17:7 And I will establish my covenant between me and thee and thy seed after thee in their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be a God unto thee, and to thy seed after thee.

17:8 And I will give unto thee, and to thy seed after thee, the land wherein thou art a stranger, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession; and I will be their God." (Genesis 17:3-8 KJV)

Notice carefully that the promise of "the Promised Land" was to Abraham - for the sake of the Messianic purpose of one of the nations that had Abraham as their "king," their father.

By the command of the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ; see The Real Jesus: The Word Of The LORD God and A Bible Journey, 56: The Sacred Name), the Israelites captured the land that the LORD had promised to Abraham centuries before (see A Bible Journey, 188: What Did The LORD Command Joshua To Do?). Then, centuries later, when the LORD God was born as Jesus of Nazareth, He fulfilled His own promise to Abraham.

The Canaanite people also had their "kings," as stated in the verses below. Their mistake was to regard their own fathers as greater than Abraham's purpose for everyone, including them. Ironically, the Messiah, Who was born of the line of Judah, had Canaanite blood in his ancestry - the "Jews" originated from the Israelite patriarch Judah and two Canaanite women who became the mothers of the Jews (see A Bible Journey, 38: Judah's Children). The people of Judah inhabiting the land promised to Abraham is just as much their interest, and their own family history, as it is for the Jews.

Canaanites

Nevertheless, then, as now, the Canaanites chose to fight what is the interest of their own salvation.

"12:1 Now these are the kings of the land, which the children of Israel smote, and possessed their land on the other side Jordan toward the rising of the sun, from the river Arnon unto mount Hermon, and all the plain on the east: 12:2 Sihon king of the Amorites, who dwelt in Heshbon, and ruled from Aroer, which is upon the bank of the river Arnon, and from the middle of the river, and from half Gilead, even unto the river Jabbok, which is the border of the children of Ammon; 12:3 And from the plain to the sea of Chinneroth on the east, and unto the sea of the plain, even the salt sea on the east, the way to Bethjeshimoth; and from the south, under Ashdothpisgah:

12:4 And the coast of Og king of Bashan, which was of the remnant of the giants, that dwelt at Ashtaroth and at Edrei, 12:5 And reigned in mount Hermon, and in Salcah, and in all Bashan, unto the border of the Geshurites and the Maachathites, and half Gilead, the border of Sihon king of Heshbon.

12:6 Them did Moses the servant of the LORD and the children of Israel smite: and Moses the servant of the LORD gave it for a possession unto the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh.

12:7 And these are the kings of the country which Joshua and the children of Israel smote on this side Jordan on the west, from Baalgad in the valley of Lebanon even unto the mount Halak, that goeth up to Seir; which Joshua gave unto the tribes of Israel for a possession according to their divisions; 12:8 In the mountains, and in the valleys, and in the plains, and in the springs, and in the wilderness, and in the south country; the Hittites, the Amorites, and the Canaanites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites:

12:9 The king of Jericho, one; the king of Ai, which is beside Bethel, one;

12:10 The king of Jerusalem, one; the king of Hebron, one;

12:11 The king of Jarmuth, one; the king of Lachish, one;

12:12 The king of Eglon, one; the king of Gezer, one;

12:13 The king of Debir, one; the king of Geder, one;

12:14 The king of Hormah, one; the king of Arad, one;

12:15 The king of Libnah, one; the king of Adullam, one;

12:16 The king of Makkedah, one; the king of Bethel, one;

12:17 The king of Tappuah, one; the king of Hepher, one;

12:18 The king of Aphek, one; the king of Lasharon, one;

12:19 The king of Madon, one; the king of Hazor, one;

12:20 The king of Shimronmeron, one; the king of Achshaph, one;

12:21 The king of Taanach, one; the king of Megiddo, one;

12:22 The king of Kedesh, one; the king of Jokneam of Carmel, one;

12:23 The king of Dor in the coast of Dor, one; the king of the nations of Gilgal, one;

12:24 The king of Tirzah, one: all the kings thirty and one." (Joshua 12:1-24 KJV)

Fact Finder: Jacob, who the LORD renamed as "Israel," was also a family king in his own lifetime. What does the Holy Bible record about that?
See A Bible Journey, 46: The Family At The Heart Of A Nation

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This Day In History

This Day In History, July 4

362 BC: In ancient Greece, the Thebans defeated the Spartans (Thebes and Sparta were city-states) at the Battle of Mantinea.

See also:
The Greek Empire: Between The Testaments
The Greek Empire: Alexander Of Macedonia
The Greek Empire: Alexander's March To India
The Greek Empire: Alexander's Horns To The Four Winds
The Greek Empire: The Seleucids and The Abomination of Desolation
The Greek Empire: Cleopatra and The Ptolemies Of Egypt

Athenian Empire

414: Emperor Theodosius II, at age 13, yielded power to his older sister, Aelia Pulcheria, who then reigned as regent and proclaimed herself Empress ("Augusta") of the Eastern Roman Empire ("the Byzantine Empire").

Byzantine Empire

1064: Chinese and Arabian astronomers recorded what they called a bright new "guest star" in the constellation of Taurus. The results of that supernova ("a star that explodes and becomes extremely luminous in the process") can be seen today as the Crab Nebula.

The Crab Nebula

1187: Saladin's Muslim forces defeated Church of Rome "Crusader" forces (see A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad and Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy) at Battle of the Horns of Hattin, overlooking the Sea of Galilee near Tiberias (see The Cities Of Lake Galilee). The victory led to Saladin's capture of Jerusalem from the self-proclaimed "King of Jerusalem," Guy of Lusignan, of France.

1190: Richard I of England and Philip II of France started on the Third Crusade.

1609: French explorer Samuel de Champlain discovered (for Europeans; the native people already knew that the lake was there; see also The First Chinese American War) what was later named Lake Champlain in New York.

1634: The city of Trois-Rivieres (meaning "Three Rivers") was founded in Quebec, Canada. It was the second permanent settlement in "New France," after Quebec City.

Cannons New France

1653: "The Barebones Parliament" began; a hand-picked legislative group of 140 men convened by Oliver Cromwell following the Puritan victory in the English Civil War. The name was derived as a mockery of one of its members, "Praise-God" Barbon.

1865: Alice's Adventures in Wonderland was published. It was written by English author Charles Lutwidge Dodgson under the pen name Lewis Carroll.

1886: The first Canadian transcontinental train arrived at Port Moody, British Columbia.

1904: Construction of the Panama Canal began.

Panama

1914: The funerals of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie were conducted in Vienna, six days after their assassinations in Sarajevo. Their murders triggered the First World War (1914-1918; see also The Assassination That Triggered Two World Wars).

Assassination
1918: Ottoman (Turkish) sultan Mehmed VI ascended to the throne (see A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate).

1918: Bolshevik rebel forces in Russia seized and murdered Tsar Nicholas II ("Tsar" is the Russian form of Caesar, as is the German Kaiser) and his family. The revolution began 70 years of communism in Russia (see also When Do Liberals Become Conservatives? and Why Are Politicians Called Left Or Right?).

Nicholas II

1946: After nearly 4 centuries of foreign rule by one colonial nation after another, the Philippines achieved full independence from the U.S.

1947: The British Parliament introduced the "Indian Independence Bill" to divide British India into two sovereign countries - India and Pakistan.

1987: In France, Hitler-era Gestapo (in German, "Gestapo" was an abbreviation for "State Police") chief Klaus Barbie (known as the "Butcher of Lyon") was convicted of crimes against humanity and was sentenced to life imprisonment (see also Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).

1995: A Canadian Navy submarine recovered the bell of the iron ore carrier Edmund Fitzgerald, that sank on November 10 1975 in Lake Superior with the loss of 29 men. The sinking was made famous by Gordon Lightfoot's The Wreck Of The Edmund Fitzgerald.

1998: Japan launched the Nozomi probe to Mars.


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