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Thursday, July 4 2019
A Bible Journey, 199: When Did Abraham Become A King?
"And Abram fell on his face: and God talked with him, saying, As for Me, behold, My covenant is with thee, and thou shalt be a father of many nations. Neither shall thy name any more be called Abram, but thy name shall be Abraham; for a father of many nations have I made thee"
"King" has become a political term, a title, for a leader of a nation. But it did not originate as such, in the English language, or in Biblical Hebrew. "King" began as a term for the father of people - the king of a kin.
How did king become a political term?
Some families, with their father the head of the kin (i.e. the patriarch; patriotism, which literally means faithful to the father, originated as a family term, not a political one), grew from households, to large encampments or settlements, to cities and then to sovereign territories known as "countries" i.e. a nation, which means nativity, or a family of birth, are the people who inhabit a territory, a sovereign (local "sole reign," in contrast to "far reign" "foreign") country. "Nation" and "country" do not necessarily mean the same thing.
Abraham, was a native-born Babylonian (see Abraham's Exodus). Israelites and Jews didn't yet exist in the lifetime of Abraham; they were his great-grandchildren; see Biblical Eras: Abraham, Isaac And Jacob Were Not Israelites Or Jews). Abraham was never a political king, but he was indeed a king of many nations i.e. the father of many lines of his descendants.
"17:3 And Abram fell on his face: and God talked with him, saying,
Notice carefully that the promise of "the Promised Land" was to Abraham - for the sake of the Messianic purpose of one of the nations that had Abraham as their "king," their father.
By the command of the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ; see The Real Jesus: The Word Of The LORD God and A Bible Journey, 56: The Sacred Name), the Israelites captured the land that the LORD had promised to Abraham centuries before (see A Bible Journey, 188: What Did The LORD Command Joshua To Do?). Then, centuries later, when the LORD God was born as Jesus of Nazareth, He fulfilled His own promise to Abraham.
The Canaanite people also had their "kings," as stated in the verses below. Their mistake was to regard their own fathers as greater than Abraham's purpose for everyone, including them. Ironically, the Messiah, Who was born of the line of Judah, had Canaanite blood in his ancestry - the "Jews" originated from the Israelite patriarch Judah and two Canaanite women who became the mothers of the Jews (see A Bible Journey, 38: Judah's Children). The people of Judah inhabiting the land promised to Abraham is just as much their interest, and their own family history, as it is for the Jews.
Nevertheless, then, as now, the Canaanites chose to fight what is the interest of their own salvation.
"12:1 Now these are the kings of the land, which the children of Israel smote, and possessed their land on the other side Jordan toward the rising of the sun, from the river Arnon unto mount Hermon, and all the plain on the east: 12:2 Sihon king of the Amorites, who dwelt in Heshbon, and ruled from Aroer, which is upon the bank of the river Arnon, and from the middle of the river, and from half Gilead, even unto the river Jabbok, which is the border of the children of Ammon; 12:3 And from the plain to the sea of Chinneroth on the east, and unto the sea of the plain, even the salt sea on the east, the way to Bethjeshimoth; and from the south, under Ashdothpisgah:
Fact Finder: Jacob, who the LORD renamed as "Israel," was also a family king in his own lifetime. What does the Holy Bible record about that?
This Day In History, July 4
362 BC: In ancient Greece, the Thebans defeated the Spartans (Thebes and Sparta were city-states) at the Battle of Mantinea.
414: Emperor Theodosius II, at age 13, yielded power to his older sister, Aelia Pulcheria, who then reigned as regent and proclaimed herself Empress ("Augusta") of the Eastern Roman Empire ("the Byzantine Empire").
1064: Chinese and Arabian astronomers recorded what they called a bright new "guest star" in the constellation of Taurus. The results of that supernova ("a star that explodes and becomes extremely luminous in the process") can be seen today as the Crab Nebula.
1187: Saladin's Muslim forces defeated Church of Rome "Crusader" forces (see A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad and Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy) at Battle of the Horns of Hattin, overlooking the Sea of Galilee near Tiberias (see The Cities Of Lake Galilee). The victory led to Saladin's capture of Jerusalem from the self-proclaimed "King of Jerusalem," Guy of Lusignan, of France.
1190: Richard I of England and Philip II of France started on the Third Crusade.
1609: French explorer Samuel de Champlain discovered (for Europeans; the native people already knew that the lake was there; see also The First Chinese American War) what was later named Lake Champlain in New York.
1634: The city of Trois-Rivieres (meaning "Three Rivers") was founded in Quebec, Canada. It was the second permanent settlement in "New France," after Quebec City.
1653: "The Barebones Parliament" began; a hand-picked legislative group of 140 men convened by Oliver Cromwell following the Puritan victory in the English Civil War. The name was derived as a mockery of one of its members, "Praise-God" Barbon.
1865: Alice's Adventures in Wonderland was published. It was written by English author Charles Lutwidge Dodgson under the pen name Lewis Carroll.
1886: The first Canadian transcontinental train arrived at Port Moody, British Columbia.
1904: Construction of the Panama Canal began.
1914: The funerals of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie were conducted in Vienna, six days after their assassinations in Sarajevo. Their murders triggered the First World War (1914-1918; see also The Assassination That Triggered Two World Wars).
1918: Bolshevik rebel forces in Russia seized and murdered Tsar Nicholas II ("Tsar" is the Russian form of Caesar, as is the German Kaiser) and his family. The revolution began 70 years of communism in Russia (see also When Do Liberals Become Conservatives? and Why Are Politicians Called Left Or Right?).
1946: After nearly 4 centuries of foreign rule by one colonial nation after another, the Philippines achieved full independence from the U.S.
1947: The British Parliament introduced the "Indian Independence Bill" to divide British India into two sovereign countries - India and Pakistan.
1987: In France, Hitler-era Gestapo (in German, "Gestapo" was an abbreviation for "State Police") chief Klaus Barbie (known as the "Butcher of Lyon") was convicted of crimes against humanity and was sentenced to life imprisonment (see also Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).
1995: A Canadian Navy submarine recovered the bell of the iron ore carrier Edmund Fitzgerald, that sank on November 10 1975 in Lake Superior with the loss of 29 men. The sinking was made famous by Gordon Lightfoot's The Wreck Of The Edmund Fitzgerald.
1998: Japan launched the Nozomi probe to Mars.