Sunday, July 14 2019
A Bible Journey, 202: What Part Of Israel Do Jews Own?
"This then was the lot of the tribe of the children of Judah by their families; even to the border of Edom the wilderness of Zin southward was the uttermost part of the south coast"
Judah was a son of Jacob with Leah (see The Mothers Of The Patriarchs: Leah), one of Jacob's four wives. Like most of his brothers, Judah was born in Syria from Syrian mothers (see A Bible Journey, 29: Israel's Syria Origin) before the LORD changed Jacob's name to Israel. After that time however, the children of Jacob, like their father, became known as Israelites, instead of Jacobites.
The tribe of Judah ("Jew" is an abbreviation of Judah) originated from Judah and two Canaanite women (see A Bible Journey, 38: Judah's Children). The descendants of Judah grew from that man's family to a multitude, just as the other tribes had done, during the four hundred years that they lived in Egypt. At the time of the Exodus, of the 603,550 total of all Israelite military-age males (Numbers 1:46) the military-age male "Jews" numbered 74,600 (Numbers 1:26-27; see also The Reckoning Of Israel In The Sinai).
When the Israelites arrived in the land promised to Abraham (see A Bible Journey, 199: When Did Abraham Become A King?) in the time of Joshua, each tribe was given a homeland of its own within the country as a whole. The LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ; see The Real Jesus: The Word Of The LORD God and A Bible Journey, 56: The Sacred Name) was their King, Joshua was the Prime Minister of the King and each of the tribal areas were provinces of the Kingdom of Israel.
Judah's tribal territory was south of the Jebusite city of Jerusalem (see the Fact Finder question below), between Gaze (see Gaze In History And Prophecy) and the Dead Sea (see The Salt Sea In History And Prophecy).
"15:1 This then was the lot of the tribe of the children of Judah by their families; even to the border of Edom the wilderness of Zin southward was the uttermost part of the south coast.
15:2 And their south border was from the shore of the salt sea, from the bay that looketh southward:
15:3 And it went out to the south side to Maalehacrabbim, and passed along to Zin, and ascended up on the south side unto Kadeshbarnea, and passed along to Hezron, and went up to Adar, and fetched a compass to Karkaa:
15:4 From thence it passed toward Azmon, and went out unto the river of Egypt; and the goings out of that coast were at the sea: this shall be your south coast.
15:5 And the east border was the salt sea, even unto the end of Jordan. And their border in the north quarter was from the bay of the sea at the uttermost part of Jordan:
15:6 And the border went up to Bethhogla, and passed along by the north of Betharabah; and the border went up to the stone of Bohan the son of Reuben:
15:7 And the border went up toward Debir from the valley of Achor, and so northward, looking toward Gilgal, that is before the going up to Adummim, which is on the south side of the river: and the border passed toward the waters of Enshemesh, and the goings out thereof were at Enrogel:
15:8 And the border went up by the valley of the son of Hinnom unto the south side of the Jebusite; the same is Jerusalem: and the border went up to the top of the mountain that lieth before the valley of Hinnom westward, which is at the end of the valley of the giants northward:
15:9 And the border was drawn from the top of the hill unto the fountain of the water of Nephtoah, and went out to the cities of mount Ephron; and the border was drawn to Baalah, which is Kirjathjearim:
15:10 And the border compassed from Baalah westward unto mount Seir, and passed along unto the side of mount Jearim, which is Chesalon, on the north side, and went down to Bethshemesh, and passed on to Timnah:
15:11 And the border went out unto the side of Ekron northward: and the border was drawn to Shicron, and passed along to mount Baalah, and went out unto Jabneel; and the goings out of the border were at the sea.
15:12 And the west border was to the great sea, and the coast thereof. This is the coast of the children of Judah round about according to their families.
15:13 And unto Caleb the son of Jephunneh he gave a part among the children of Judah, according to the commandment of the LORD to Joshua, even the city of Arba the father of Anak, which city is Hebron.
15:14 And Caleb drove thence the three sons of Anak, Sheshai, and Ahiman, and Talmai, the children of Anak.
15:15 And he went up thence to the inhabitants of Debir: and the name of Debir before was Kirjathsepher.
15:16 And Caleb said, He that smiteth Kirjathsepher, and taketh it, to him will I give Achsah my daughter to wife.
15:17 And Othniel the son of Kenaz, the brother of Caleb, took it: and he gave him Achsah his daughter to wife.
15:18 And it came to pass, as she came unto him, that she moved him to ask of her father a field: and she lighted off her ass; and Caleb said unto her, What wouldest thou?
15:19 Who answered, Give me a blessing; for thou hast given me a south land; give me also springs of water. And he gave her the upper springs, and the nether springs.
15:20 This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Judah according to their families.
15:21 And the uttermost cities of the tribe of the children of Judah toward the coast of Edom southward were Kabzeel, and Eder, and Jagur,
15:22 And Kinah, and Dimonah, and Adadah,
15:23 And Kedesh, and Hazor, and Ithnan,
15:24 Ziph, and Telem, and Bealoth,
15:25 And Hazor, Hadattah, and Kerioth, and Hezron, which is Hazor,
15:26 Amam, and Shema, and Moladah,
15:27 And Hazargaddah, and Heshmon, and Bethpalet,
15:28 And Hazarshual, and Beersheba, and Bizjothjah,
15:29 Baalah, and Iim, and Azem,
15:30 And Eltolad, and Chesil, and Hormah,
15:31 And Ziklag, and Madmannah, and Sansannah,
15:32 And Lebaoth, and Shilhim, and Ain, and Rimmon: all the cities are twenty and nine, with their villages:
15:33 And in the valley, Eshtaol, and Zoreah, and Ashnah,
15:34 And Zanoah, and Engannim, Tappuah, and Enam,
15:35 Jarmuth, and Adullam, Socoh, and Azekah,
15:36 And Sharaim, and Adithaim, and Gederah, and Gederothaim; fourteen cities with their villages:
15:37 Zenan, and Hadashah, and Migdalgad,
15:38 And Dilean, and Mizpeh, and Joktheel,
15:39 Lachish, and Bozkath, and Eglon,
15:40 And Cabbon, and Lahmam, and Kithlish,
15:41 And Gederoth, Bethdagon, and Naamah, and Makkedah; sixteen cities with their villages:
15:42 Libnah, and Ether, and Ashan,
15:43 And Jiphtah, and Ashnah, and Nezib,
15:44 And Keilah, and Achzib, and Mareshah; nine cities with their villages:
15:45 Ekron, with her towns and her villages:
15:46 From Ekron even unto the sea, all that lay near Ashdod, with their villages:
15:47 Ashdod with her towns and her villages, Gaze with her towns and her villages, unto the river of Egypt, and the great sea, and the border thereof:
15:48 And in the mountains, Shamir, and Jattir, and Socoh,
15:49 And Dannah, and Kirjathsannah, which is Debir,
15:50 And Anab, and Eshtemoh, and Anim,
15:51 And Goshen, and Holon, and Giloh; eleven cities with their villages:
15:52 Arab, and Dumah, and Eshean,
15:53 And Janum, and Bethtappuah, and Aphekah,
15:54 And Humtah, and Kirjatharba, which is Hebron, and Zior; nine cities with their villages:
15:55 Maon, Carmel, and Ziph, and Juttah,
15:56 And Jezreel, and Jokdeam, and Zanoah,
15:57 Cain, Gibeah, and Timnah; ten cities with their villages:
15:58 Halhul, Bethzur, and Gedor,
15:59 And Maarath, and Bethanoth, and Eltekon; six cities with their villages:
15:60 Kirjathbaal, which is Kirjathjearim, and Rabbah; two cities with their villages:
15:61 In the wilderness, Betharabah, Middin, and Secacah,
15:62 And Nibshan, and the city of Salt, and Engedi; six cities with their villages.
15:63 As for the Jebusites the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the children of Judah could not drive them out: but the Jebusites dwell with the children of Judah at Jerusalem unto this day." (Joshua 15:1-63 KJV)
Fact Finder: When did Jerusalem become an Israelite (all Israel) city?
See Biblical Eras: The City Of David - When Jerusalem Became An Israelite City
This Day In History
This Day In History, July 14
664: Anglo-Saxon king Eorcenberht died. Historical records state that Eorcenberht was the first king in Britain to command that religious idols be destroyed (see also The History Of Idolatry).
756: During China's An Lushan Rebellion, Emperor Xuanzong of the Tang Dynasty was forced to flee the capital from An Lushan's forces (see also Gog and Magog and The First Chinese American War).
1223: Louis VIII became King of France after the death of his father, Philip II.
1430: Joan of Arc, after being taken prisoner by the Burgundians in May, was handed over to Pierre Cauchon, the bishop of Beauvais.
1769: A Spanish expedition led by Gaspar de Portola established a base in California (named by the Spanish after Califia, a mythical paradise in Spanish literature).
1789: The Bastille, a fortress in Paris used to hold political prisoners, was stormed by a mob, marking the beginning of the French Revolution (see also Why Are Politicians Called Left Or Right?).
1789: Alexander Mackenzie completed his exploration to the mouth of the great river that he hoped would take him to the Pacific Ocean. It turned out to be the river later named him, the Mackenzie River of Canada. At 1,738 kilometers (1,080 miles) long, it is one of the longest rivers in the world.
1798: After the rebellion of the New England colonies, the Sedition Act was passed by the new regime. The federal law made it a high crime of treason to incite or encourage a revolution against the revolution (see also When Do Liberals Become Conservatives? and Why Pioneers Aren't Rebels).
1865: British climber Edward Whymper led the first team of climbers to reach the summit of the Matterhorn in the Alps at a height of 14,690 feet.
1867: Explosives manufacturer Alfred Nobel first demonstrated his invention, dynamite, at Merstham Quarry in Redhill, Surrey.
1881: U.S. frontier criminal and murderer "Billy the Kid" was shot and killed by Pat Garrett outside Fort Sumner.
1918: The French troop-carrying liner Djemnah was sunk by a German submarine in the Mediterranean; 442 were lost.
1933: In Germany, the Nazi Party under Adolf Hitler banned all opposition parties (see The Character Assassins and The Assassination That Triggered Two World Wars and Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion; also Hitler's Doctors: The Shocking Origin Of Autism).
1950: The Battle of Taejon began during the Korean War (see Why Was Korea Divided Into North And South?)s.
1950: Using an Italian refugee passport provided by a Franciscan monk in Genoa, Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann obtained an Argentine visa; he arrived in Argentina a month later.
1958: King Faisal of Iraq was assassinated in a coup by army officers, including one named Saddam Hussein, who established Iraq as a republic. The independent Iraqi republic lasted until 2003 when George W. Bush obliterated the country and inflicted over 1 million casualties on Iraqi men, women and children (plus tens of thousands of documented cases of rape and torture) with his false accusations of "weapons of mass destruction" and a non-existent connection to the 9-11 terrorist attacks - that were actually committed by men from Pakistan and Saudi Arabia, based in Afghanistan.
1965: Mariner 4 arrived at Mars and became the first spacecraft to produce near photographs of another planet.
1976: Capital punishment was abolished in Canada.
2000: The "Bastille Day Event" - a massive solar flare caused a geomagnetic storm on Earth.
2002: French President Jacques Chirac escaped an assassination attempt during Bastille Day celebrations.