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Monday, August 12 2019

A Bible Journey, 205: Benjamin's Jerusalem

"Now the cities of the tribe of the children of Benjamin according to their families were ... and Jebusi, which is Jerusalem"

Benjamin was the younger full-brother of Joseph (see The Mothers Of The Patriarchs: Rachel). Benjamin was the only Israelite tribal patriarch who was born in what became the land of Israel - all of the others, including his brother Joseph, were born in Syria (see The Mothers Of The Patriarchs: Leah and The Mothers Of The Patriarchs: Bilhah and The Mothers Of The Patriarchs: Zilpah) or Egypt (see The Mothers Of The Patriarchs: Asenath).

Benjamin's birth was tragic however; his mother Rachel died while giving birth to Benjamin (see The Rachel Prophecies). The death of Rachel was the basis for Jacob / Israel's later adoption of Joseph's sons Ephraim and Mansasseh - in effect promoting them to sons from grandsons (see A Bible Journey, 48: Ephraim and Manasseh).

Rachel's tomb remains a visible landmark in the land of Israel today, having been illustrated on official government banknotes and postage stamps.

Rachel's Tomb

With the heartland of Israel taken, as directed by and commanded by the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ; see The Real Jesus: The Word Of The LORD God and A Bible Journey, 56: The Sacred Name) and the first tribal territories assigned (see A Bible Journey, 200: The Western Frontiers and A Bible Journey, 201: Caleb's Mountain and A Bible Journey, 202: What Part Of Israel Do Jews Own? and A Bible Journey, 203: The Border Of Ephraim and A Bible Journey, 204: The Only Tribe On Both Sides) the remainder of the tribal provinces of the Kingdom of Israel then progressed.

Shiloh was then the de-facto capital of the land of Israel i.e. "the whole congregation of the children of Israel assembled together at Shiloh, and set up the Tabernacle of the congregation there. And the land was subdued before them. And there remained among the children of Israel seven tribes, which had not yet received their inheritance" (see below)

Joshua

"18:1 And the whole congregation of the children of Israel assembled together at Shiloh, and set up the tabernacle of the congregation there. And the land was subdued before them. 18:2 And there remained among the children of Israel seven tribes, which had not yet received their inheritance.

18:3 And Joshua said unto the children of Israel, How long are ye slack to go to possess the land, which the LORD God of your fathers hath given you? 18:4 Give out from among you three men for each tribe: and I will send them, and they shall rise, and go through the land, and describe it according to the inheritance of them; and they shall come again to me. 18:5 And they shall divide it into seven parts: Judah shall abide in their coast on the south, and the house of Joseph shall abide in their coasts on the north. 18:6 Ye shall therefore describe the land into seven parts, and bring the description hither to me, that I may cast lots for you here before the LORD our God. 18:7 But the Levites have no part among you; for the priesthood of the LORD is their inheritance: and Gad, and Reuben, and half the tribe of Manasseh, have received their inheritance beyond Jordan on the east, which Moses the servant of the LORD gave them.

18:8 And the men arose, and went away: and Joshua charged them that went to describe the land, saying, Go and walk through the land, and describe it, and come again to me, that I may here cast lots for you before the LORD in Shiloh. 18:9 And the men went and passed through the land, and described it by cities into seven parts in a book, and came again to Joshua to the host at Shiloh. 18:10 And Joshua cast lots for them in Shiloh before the LORD: and there Joshua divided the land unto the children of Israel according to their divisions." (Joshua 18:1-10 KJV)

The tribal territory for Benjamin bordered on the north of what later became Jerusalem (see Biblical Eras: The City Of David - When Jerusalem Became An Israelite City) and the tribal territory of Judah to the south. It was that geopolitical position that was the prime factor that caused the people of Benjamin to become part of the Kingdom of Judah rather than part of the northern Kingdom of Israel after Israel divided into "Israel" and "Judah" in the era of King Solomon (see the Fact Finder question below). If they had chosen to go with Israel, the "lost ten tribes" would be the "lost eleven tribes." Instead, the Benjamites today are identified as "Jews" (see the Fact Finder below).

Tribal Map
"18:11 And the lot of the tribe of the children of Benjamin came up according to their families: and the coast of their lot came forth between the children of Judah and the children of Joseph.

18:12 And their border on the north side was from Jordan; and the border went up to the side of Jericho on the north side, and went up through the mountains westward; and the goings out thereof were at the wilderness of Bethaven. 18:13 And the border went over from thence toward Luz, to the side of Luz, which is Bethel [see also Genesis 35: The Return To Bethel], southward; and the border descended to Atarothadar, near the hill that lieth on the south side of the nether Bethhoron. 18:14 And the border was drawn thence, and compassed the corner of the sea southward, from the hill that lieth before Bethhoron southward; and the goings out thereof were at Kirjathbaal, which is Kirjathjearim, a city of the children of Judah: this was the west quarter.

18:15 And the south quarter was from the end of Kirjathjearim, and the border went out on the west, and went out to the well of waters of Nephtoah: 18:16 And the border came down to the end of the mountain that lieth before the valley of the son of Hinnom, and which is in the valley of the giants on the north, and descended to the valley of Hinnom, to the side of Jebusi on the south, and descended to Enrogel, 18:17 And was drawn from the north, and went forth to Enshemesh, and went forth toward Geliloth, which is over against the going up of Adummim, and descended to the stone of Bohan the son of Reuben, 18:18 And passed along toward the side over against Arabah northward, and went down unto Arabah: 18:19 And the border passed along to the side of Bethhoglah northward: and the outgoings of the border were at the north bay of the salt sea at the south end of Jordan: this was the south coast.

18:20 And Jordan was the border of it on the east side. This was the inheritance of the children of Benjamin, by the coasts thereof round about, according to their families.

18:21 Now the cities of the tribe of the children of Benjamin according to their families were Jericho, and Bethhoglah, and the valley of Keziz, 18:22 And Betharabah, and Zemaraim, and Bethel, 18:23 And Avim, and Parah, and Ophrah, 18:24 And Chepharhaammonai, and Ophni, and Gaba; twelve cities with their villages: 18:25 Gibeon, and Ramah, and Beeroth, 18:26 And Mizpeh, and Chephirah, and Mozah, 18:27 And Rekem, and Irpeel, and Taralah, 18:28 And Zelah, Eleph, and Jebusi, which is Jerusalem, Gibeath, and Kirjath; fourteen cities with their villages.

This is the inheritance of the children of Benjamin according to their families." (Joshua 18:11-28 KJV)

Fact Finder: How did the people of the tribe of Benjamin later become known as Jews? Why was it almost impossible for the people of Benjamin to become one of the "lost ten tribes"?
See Was Paul A Jew or a Benjamite? and Israel In History and Prophecy: Kingdom Of Judah


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This Day In History, August 12

30 BC: Cleopatra, the last ruler of the Greek Ptolemaic dynasty in Egypt, committed suicide (see The Greek Empire: Cleopatra and The Ptolemies Of Egypt).

Cleopatra

1099: During the First Crusade (see also Emperor Constantine's Sun Dogs), the Crusaders defeated the Egyptians at Ascalon on the "Palestine" coast (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy and A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad; also Where Is Palestine?).

Crusades

1281: Kublai Khan's Mongolian fleet was destroyed by a typhoon (see also The Origin Of Hurricanes, Cyclones and Typhoons and Why "Red Sky At Night, Sailor's Delight"?) as it was nearing Japan (see also The Origin Of Gog And Magog and End-Time Gog And Magog).

Mongols

1332: The Battle of Dupplin Moor; Edward Baliol, king of Scotland, with the aid of Edward III defeated Donald, earl of Mar and regent for David II (who was 8 years old at the time).

1499: The naval Battle of Zonchio began between the Venetians and the Ottomans (listen to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire).

1450: During the Hundred Years War, the English surrendered Cherbourg, completing Charles VII's conquest of Normandy.

1508: Ponce de Leon arrived in Puerto Rico.

1759: The Russians under General Soltikov and the Austrians under General Landon defeated 40,000 Prussians under Frederick the Great at the Battle of Kunersdorf in the Seven Years War.

1762: The British captured Cuba from Spain after a two month siege.

1779: The Royal Navy defeated the Penobscot Expedition, resulting in the largest loss of US naval forces prior to the attack on Pearl Harbor over 160 years later - all 19 US warships sunk or run aground while attempting to escape the battle.

1813: Austria declared war against Napoleon.

1851: Isaac Singer received a patent for his "sewing machine."

1877: British explorer Sir Henry Morton Stanley reached the mouth of the Congo River. Stanley is most famous for his "Dr. Livingstone, I presume?" when he located the missing Scottish missionary Dr. David Livingstone near Lake Tanganyika.

Stanley

1896: Gold was discovered near Dawson City, Yukon Territory, Canada. The news set off the "Yukon Gold Rush."

1898: The Spanish-U.S. war ended with the signing of a protocol by Spain and the U.S. Spain relinquished Cuba and ceded Puerto Rico.

1898: The Hawaiian flag was lowered from Iolani Palace in an annexation ceremony that marked the end of Hawaii as an independent nation.

1908: Henry Ford's first Model T rolled off the assembly line.

1914: At the start of the First World War (1914-1918; see also The Assassination That Triggered Two World Wars), the first troops of the British Expeditionary Force crossed the English Channel for battle. In 10 days, 120,000 men were transported without loss of a single man or ship.

1944: Adolf Hitler's Nazi Waffen SS troops massacred about 560 people in Sant'Anna di Stazzema (see also The Terrorist Attack That Enabled Hitler To Become A Dictator and Hitler's Doctors: The Shocking Origin Of Autism).

NAzi

1944: Nazi German troops ended the week-long Wola massacre, during which time at least 40,000 people were killed indiscriminately or in mass executions (see Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).

1944: The first PLUTO (Pipe Line Under The Ocean) supplying gasoline across the English Channel to the Allied forces in France, went into operation from the Isle of Wight. It could transfer up to 700 tons of gasoline a day.

1961: The erection of the Berlin Wall began.

1992: The U.S., Canada and Mexico agreed to form a free-trade zone that would rank as the world's largest single trading bloc. The agreement was later dwarfed by the rise of China which flooded North America with made in China products, while at the same time China became the largest creditor of the soaring U.S. national debt i.e. in 2010, China became the major financial supporter of the technically-bankrupt U.S. government which was actually paying most of the billions of dollars of debt interest with even more borrowed money.


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