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Tuesday, August 13 2019
A Bible Journey, 206: The LORD's Lottery
"These are the inheritances, which Eleazar the priest, and Joshua the son of Nun, and the heads of the fathers of the tribes of the children of Israel, divided for an inheritance by lot in Shiloh before the LORD"
The English-language word "lot" has developed a wide diversity of applied meanings. From The WordWeb Dictionary by Princeton University:
That English word "lot" (the root word for lottery) was used to translate the actual Hebrew word of the Holy Scriptures, pronounced go-rawl, which literally means rough, but was used to refer to a small, hand-held stone, or pebble.
"Casting lots" was sometimes commanded by the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ; see The Real Jesus: The Word Of The LORD God and A Bible Journey, 56: The Sacred Name) to be used to fulfill the Will of the LORD - the Will of the LORD being fairness and equal opportunity, not whoever would be the "winner" i.e. in the matter of the tribal lands lottery, the LORD Himself did the survey work so everyone was a "winner" in that lottery.
Another of the most well-known was the casting of lots for the two goats for the Day of Atonement (see A Bible Journey, 106: Why Did The Goat Escape?; see also The Day Of Atonement: Deliverance Of The Passover Blood).
"16:7 And he shall take the two goats, and present them before the LORD at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation. 16:8 And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats; one lot for the LORD, and the other lot for the scapegoat.
After those already done for their specific prophetic purposes (see A Bible Journey, 202: What Part Of Israel Do Jews Own? and A Bible Journey, 203: The Border Of Ephraim and A Bible Journey, 204: The Only Tribe On Both Sides and A Bible Journey, 205: Benjamin's Jerusalem; see also A Bible Journey, 135: The Levite Heir), the remainder of the tribes of Israel received their homeland according to lot.
"19:1 And the second lot came forth to Simeon, even for the tribe of the children of Simeon according to their families: and their inheritance was within the inheritance of the children of Judah. 19:2 And they had in their inheritance Beersheba, or Sheba, and Moladah, 19:3 And Hazarshual, and Balah, and Azem, 19:4 And Eltolad, and Bethul, and Hormah, 19:5 And Ziklag, and Bethmarcaboth, and Hazarsusah, 19:6 And Bethlebaoth, and Sharuhen; thirteen cities and their villages: 19:7 Ain, Remmon, and Ether, and Ashan; four cities and their villages: 19:8 And all the villages that were round about these cities to Baalathbeer, Ramath of the south. This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Simeon according to their families. 19:9 Out of the portion of the children of Judah was the inheritance of the children of Simeon: for the part of the children of Judah was too much for them: therefore the children of Simeon had their inheritance within the inheritance of them.
As had been done with Caleb (see A Bible Journey, 201: Caleb's Mountain), Joshua (see A Bible Journey, 144: The Succession Of Joshua) was given his own lands, within the territory of his family tribe of Ephraim.
"19:49 When they had made an end of dividing the land for inheritance by their coasts, the children of Israel gave an inheritance to Joshua the son of Nun among them: 19:50 According to the word of the LORD they gave him the city which he asked, even Timnathserah in mount Ephraim: and he built the city, and dwelt therein.
Fact Finder: How were "lots" involved in Purim, an observance unique to the people of Judah during their exile?
This Day In History, August 13
554: Justinian's "Pragmatic Sanction" confirmed and increased the papacy's temporal power, and gave guidelines for regulating civil and ecclesiastical affairs in Rome and Italy.
1516: The Treaty of Noyon between France and Spain was signed. Francis I of France recognized Charles's claim to Naples, and Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, recognized Francis's claim to Milan.
1521: Spanish Conquistador ("conqueror") Hernando Cortes captured and destroyed Tenochtitlan (Mexico City) after a three-month siege.
1535: French explorer Jacques Cartier discovered (for Europeans) the St. Lawrence River.
1553: Michael Servetus was arrested by John Calvin in Geneva, Switzerland as a heretic for his (correct) belief that the Church of Rome's "Trinity" doctrine is incorrect. According to the Word of God, while the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit all exist, the Holy Spirit is the power of God, not a "person" of God (see The Spirit Of Creation).
1624: Cardinal Richelieu was appointed Chief Minister of France by Louis XIII.
1704: The Battle of Blenheim during the War of the Spanish Succession. French and Bavarian forces were routed by a combined British, German and Dutch army at Blenheim, Germany. The victors lost 6,000 soldiers compared with 21,000 French and Bavarian troops.
1787: The Ottoman Empire declared war on Russia. The Ottoman Empire occupied and ruled the land of Israel for centuries, until the end of the First World War in 1918 (see A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate).
1788: Prussia joined the Anglo-Dutch alliance to form the Triple Alliance to prevent the spread of the Russo-Swedish War of 1788-90.
1792: King Louis XVI of France was arrested by the revolutionary National Tribunal and declared an enemy of the people.
1814: The Cape of Good Hope was formally ceded to the British by the Dutch.
1831: After witnessing a solar eclipse that he believed was "a sign from God," Nat Turner led 70 other slaves in the murder of 55 whites in Southampton County, Virginia.
1868: A powerful earthquake near Arica, Peru, killed approximately 25,000 people. An accompanying tsunami caused damage as far away as Hawaii and New Zealand (see also Tsunami - The Deadly Power Of The Harbor Wave).
1898: Carl Gustav Witt discovered 433 Eros (see photo of it below), the first near-Earth asteroid to be found (see also When Space Rocks Collide With Earth).
1920: During the Polish-Soviet War, the Battle of Warsaw began.
1960: The Central African Republic declared independence from France.
1961: East Germany's communist government began building the Berlin Wall after more than 3,000,000 of its citizens fled to the west. The wall snaked 103 miles (166 kilometers) around West Berlin.
1962: Representatives from the Russian Orthodox Church and Vatican City met in Metz, France. They agreed that the Russian church would have observers attending the Second Vatican Council; in return, the Roman Catholic Church agreed to not condemn Communism.
1964: The last hangings in Britain took place when two men were executed for murder at Liverpool and Manchester.
1996: Data sent back by the Galileo space probe indicated there may be water on one of Jupiter's moons, heightening the possibility it could support a primitive life form.
2008: During the South Ossetian War, Russian forces occupied the Georgian city of Gori.