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Tuesday, August 13 2019

A Bible Journey, 206: The LORD's Lottery

"These are the inheritances, which Eleazar the priest, and Joshua the son of Nun, and the heads of the fathers of the tribes of the children of Israel, divided for an inheritance by lot in Shiloh before the LORD"

The English-language word "lot" has developed a wide diversity of applied meanings. From The WordWeb Dictionary by Princeton University:

  • "a large number or amount or extent"

  • "a parcel of land having fixed boundaries"

  • "an unofficial association of people or groups"

  • "your overall circumstances or condition in life"

  • "anything taken or chosen at random"

  • "any collection in its entirety"

That English word "lot" (the root word for lottery) was used to translate the actual Hebrew word of the Holy Scriptures, pronounced go-rawl, which literally means rough, but was used to refer to a small, hand-held stone, or pebble.

"Casting lots" was sometimes commanded by the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ; see The Real Jesus: The Word Of The LORD God and A Bible Journey, 56: The Sacred Name) to be used to fulfill the Will of the LORD - the Will of the LORD being fairness and equal opportunity, not whoever would be the "winner" i.e. in the matter of the tribal lands lottery, the LORD Himself did the survey work so everyone was a "winner" in that lottery.

Lots
The tribal lands distribution was just one of a number of occasions when a lottery was used for official purposes. As explained above, it wasn't something that the Israelites invented for themselves; the LORD Himself told them to do it, for certain things.

Another of the most well-known was the casting of lots for the two goats for the Day of Atonement (see A Bible Journey, 106: Why Did The Goat Escape?; see also The Day Of Atonement: Deliverance Of The Passover Blood).

"16:7 And he shall take the two goats, and present them before the LORD at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation. 16:8 And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats; one lot for the LORD, and the other lot for the scapegoat.

16:9 And Aaron shall bring the goat upon which the LORD lot fell, and offer him for a sin offering. 16:10 But the goat, on which the lot fell to be the scapegoat, shall be presented alive before the LORD, to make an atonement with him, and to let him go for a scapegoat into the wilderness." (Leviticus 16:7-10 KJV)

After those already done for their specific prophetic purposes (see A Bible Journey, 202: What Part Of Israel Do Jews Own? and A Bible Journey, 203: The Border Of Ephraim and A Bible Journey, 204: The Only Tribe On Both Sides and A Bible Journey, 205: Benjamin's Jerusalem; see also A Bible Journey, 135: The Levite Heir), the remainder of the tribes of Israel received their homeland according to lot.

Tribal Map
"19:1 And the second lot came forth to Simeon, even for the tribe of the children of Simeon according to their families: and their inheritance was within the inheritance of the children of Judah. 19:2 And they had in their inheritance Beersheba, or Sheba, and Moladah, 19:3 And Hazarshual, and Balah, and Azem, 19:4 And Eltolad, and Bethul, and Hormah, 19:5 And Ziklag, and Bethmarcaboth, and Hazarsusah, 19:6 And Bethlebaoth, and Sharuhen; thirteen cities and their villages: 19:7 Ain, Remmon, and Ether, and Ashan; four cities and their villages: 19:8 And all the villages that were round about these cities to Baalathbeer, Ramath of the south. This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Simeon according to their families. 19:9 Out of the portion of the children of Judah was the inheritance of the children of Simeon: for the part of the children of Judah was too much for them: therefore the children of Simeon had their inheritance within the inheritance of them.

19:10 And the third lot came up for the children of Zebulun according to their families: and the border of their inheritance was unto Sarid: 19:11 And their border went up toward the sea [see also The Cities Of Lake Galilee], and Maralah, and reached to Dabbasheth, and reached to the river that is before Jokneam; 19:12 And turned from Sarid eastward toward the sunrising unto the border of Chislothtabor, and then goeth out to Daberath, and goeth up to Japhia, 19:13 And from thence passeth on along on the east to Gittahhepher, to Ittahkazin, and goeth out to Remmonmethoar to Neah; 19:14 And the border compasseth it on the north side to Hannathon: and the outgoings thereof are in the valley of Jiphthahel: 19:15 And Kattath, and Nahallal, and Shimron, and Idalah, and Bethlehem: twelve cities with their villages. 19:16 This is the inheritance of the children of Zebulun according to their families, these cities with their villages.

19:17 And the fourth lot came out to Issachar, for the children of Issachar according to their families. 19:18 And their border was toward Jezreel, and Chesulloth, and Shunem, 19:19 And Hapharaim, and Shion, and Anaharath, 19:20 And Rabbith, and Kishion, and Abez, 19:21 And Remeth, and Engannim, and Enhaddah, and Bethpazzez; 19:22 And the coast reacheth to Tabor, and Shahazimah, and Bethshemesh; and the outgoings of their border were at Jordan: sixteen cities with their villages. 19:23 This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Issachar according to their families, the cities and their villages.

Samaria
19:24 And the fifth lot came out for the tribe of the children of Asher according to their families. 19:25 And their border was Helkath, and Hali, and Beten, and Achshaph, 19:26 And Alammelech, and Amad, and Misheal; and reacheth to Carmel westward, and to Shihorlibnath; 19:27 And turneth toward the sunrising to Bethdagon, and reacheth to Zebulun, and to the valley of Jiphthahel toward the north side of Bethemek, and Neiel, and goeth out to Cabul on the left hand, 19:28 And Hebron, and Rehob, and Hammon, and Kanah, even unto great Zidon; 19:29 And then the coast turneth to Ramah, and to the strong city Tyre [see also Into The Coasts Of Tyre And Sidon]; and the coast turneth to Hosah; and the outgoings thereof are at the sea from the coast to Achzib: 19:30 Ummah also, and Aphek, and Rehob: twenty and two cities with their villages. 19:31 This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Asher according to their families, these cities with their villages.

19:32 The sixth lot came out to the children of Naphtali, even for the children of Naphtali according to their families. 19:33 And their coast was from Heleph, from Allon to Zaanannim, and Adami, Nekeb, and Jabneel, unto Lakum; and the outgoings thereof were at Jordan: 19:34 And then the coast turneth westward to Aznothtabor, and goeth out from thence to Hukkok, and reacheth to Zebulun on the south side, and reacheth to Asher on the west side, and to Judah upon Jordan toward the sunrising. 19:35 And the fenced cities are Ziddim, Zer, and Hammath, Rakkath, and Chinnereth, 19:36 And Adamah, and Ramah, and Hazor, 19:37 And Kedesh, and Edrei, and Enhazor, 19:38 And Iron, and Migdalel, Horem, and Bethanath, and Bethshemesh; nineteen cities with their villages. 19:39 This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Naphtali according to their families, the cities and their villages.

19:40 And the seventh lot came out for the tribe of the children of Dan according to their families. 19:41 And the coast of their inheritance was Zorah, and Eshtaol, and Irshemesh, 19:42 And Shaalabbin, and Ajalon, and Jethlah, 19:43 And Elon, and Thimnathah, and Ekron, 19:44 And Eltekeh, and Gibbethon, and Baalath, 19:45 And Jehud, and Beneberak, and Gathrimmon, 19:46 And Mejarkon, and Rakkon, with the border before Japho. 19:47 And the coast of the children of Dan went out too little for them: therefore the children of Dan went up to fight against Leshem, and took it, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and possessed it, and dwelt therein, and called Leshem, Dan, after the name of Dan their father . 19:48 This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Dan according to their families, these cities with their villages." (Joshua 19:1-48 KJV)

As had been done with Caleb (see A Bible Journey, 201: Caleb's Mountain), Joshua (see A Bible Journey, 144: The Succession Of Joshua) was given his own lands, within the territory of his family tribe of Ephraim.

"19:49 When they had made an end of dividing the land for inheritance by their coasts, the children of Israel gave an inheritance to Joshua the son of Nun among them: 19:50 According to the word of the LORD they gave him the city which he asked, even Timnathserah in mount Ephraim: and he built the city, and dwelt therein.

19:51 These are the inheritances, which Eleazar the priest, and Joshua the son of Nun [see From Moses And Aaron To Joshua and Eleazar], and the heads of the fathers of the tribes of the children of Israel, divided for an inheritance by lot in Shiloh before the LORD, at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation. So they made an end of dividing the country." (Joshua 19:49-51 KJV)

Fact Finder: How were "lots" involved in Purim, an observance unique to the people of Judah during their exile?
See The Lots Of Purim

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This Day In History

This Day In History, August 13

554: Justinian's "Pragmatic Sanction" confirmed and increased the papacy's temporal power, and gave guidelines for regulating civil and ecclesiastical affairs in Rome and Italy.

Eastern Roman Empire

1516: The Treaty of Noyon between France and Spain was signed. Francis I of France recognized Charles's claim to Naples, and Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, recognized Francis's claim to Milan.

1521: Spanish Conquistador ("conqueror") Hernando Cortes captured and destroyed Tenochtitlan (Mexico City) after a three-month siege.

Cortes

1535: French explorer Jacques Cartier discovered (for Europeans) the St. Lawrence River.

Jacques Cartier

1553: Michael Servetus was arrested by John Calvin in Geneva, Switzerland as a heretic for his (correct) belief that the Church of Rome's "Trinity" doctrine is incorrect. According to the Word of God, while the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit all exist, the Holy Spirit is the power of God, not a "person" of God (see The Spirit Of Creation).

1624: Cardinal Richelieu was appointed Chief Minister of France by Louis XIII.

1704: The Battle of Blenheim during the War of the Spanish Succession. French and Bavarian forces were routed by a combined British, German and Dutch army at Blenheim, Germany. The victors lost 6,000 soldiers compared with 21,000 French and Bavarian troops.

1787: The Ottoman Empire declared war on Russia. The Ottoman Empire occupied and ruled the land of Israel for centuries, until the end of the First World War in 1918 (see A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate).

The Ottoman Empire

1788: Prussia joined the Anglo-Dutch alliance to form the Triple Alliance to prevent the spread of the Russo-Swedish War of 1788-90.

1792: King Louis XVI of France was arrested by the revolutionary National Tribunal and declared an enemy of the people.

1814: The Cape of Good Hope was formally ceded to the British by the Dutch.

1831: After witnessing a solar eclipse that he believed was "a sign from God," Nat Turner led 70 other slaves in the murder of 55 whites in Southampton County, Virginia.

1868: A powerful earthquake near Arica, Peru, killed approximately 25,000 people. An accompanying tsunami caused damage as far away as Hawaii and New Zealand (see also Tsunami - The Deadly Power Of The Harbor Wave).

Tsunami

1898: Carl Gustav Witt discovered 433 Eros (see photo of it below), the first near-Earth asteroid to be found (see also When Space Rocks Collide With Earth).

Asteroids

Asteroids

1920: During the Polish-Soviet War, the Battle of Warsaw began.

1960: The Central African Republic declared independence from France.

1961: East Germany's communist government began building the Berlin Wall after more than 3,000,000 of its citizens fled to the west. The wall snaked 103 miles (166 kilometers) around West Berlin.

1962: Representatives from the Russian Orthodox Church and Vatican City met in Metz, France. They agreed that the Russian church would have observers attending the Second Vatican Council; in return, the Roman Catholic Church agreed to not condemn Communism.

1964: The last hangings in Britain took place when two men were executed for murder at Liverpool and Manchester.

1996: Data sent back by the Galileo space probe indicated there may be water on one of Jupiter's moons, heightening the possibility it could support a primitive life form.

2008: During the South Ossetian War, Russian forces occupied the Georgian city of Gori.


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