Issachar, from the Hebrew word perhaps meaning hireling, or reward, was the fifth son of Leah (Genesis 30:18), the ninth overall of the Children of Jacob. The descendants of Issachar formed the Israelite tribe of Issachar (see The Tribes Of Israel), whose allotted territory was in southern Galilee between The Mediterranean Sea and The Jordan River, southwest of The Sea Of Galilee.
Not a great amount is recorded about Issachar personally, however we do have these general facts:
The birth of Issachar:
"And God hearkened to Leah, and she conceived and bore Jacob a fifth son. Leah said, "God has given me my hire because I gave my maid to my husband"; so she called his name Issachar." (Genesis 30:17-18 RSV)
Issachar's full brothers and sister:
"The sons of Leah: Reuben, Simeon, Levi [see Levites], Judah, Issachar, and Zebulun." (Genesis 35:23) (see also Dinah)
The sons of Issachar:
"The sons of Issachar: Tola, Puvah, Iob, and Shimron." (Genesis 46:13 RSV)
The order of camp during the Wilderness Journey (see also The Tabernacle In The Wilderness):
"The Lord [see Rock Of Ages] said to Moses and Aaron, "The people of Israel shall encamp each by his own standard, with the ensigns of their fathers' houses; they shall encamp facing the tent of meeting on every side."
"Those to encamp on the east side toward the sunrise shall be of the standard of the camp of Judah by their companies, the leader of the people of Judah being Nahshon the son of Amminadab, his host as numbered being seventy-four thousand six hundred. Those to encamp next to him shall be the tribe of Issachar, the leader of the people of Issachar being Nethanel the son of Zuar, his host as numbered being fifty-four thousand four hundred. Then the tribe of Zebulun, the leader of the people of Zebulun being Eliab the son of Helon, his host as numbered being fifty-seven thousand four hundred." (Numbers 2:1-8 RSV)
The tribal allotment for Issachar after the Israelites had entered The Promised Land under Joshua:
"The fourth lot came out for Issachar, for the tribe of Issachar, according to its families. Its territory included Jezreel, Chesulloth, Shunem, Hapharaim, Shion, Anaharath, Rabbith, Kishion, Ebez, Remeth, Engannim, Enhaddah, Bethpazzez; the boundary also touches Tabor, Shahazumah, and Bethshemesh, and its boundary ends at the Jordan - sixteen cities with their villages. This is the inheritance of the tribe of Issachar, according to its families - the cities with their villages." (Joshua 19:17-23 RSV)
In the future Jerusalem:
"These shall be the exits of the city:
On the north side, which is to be four thousand five hundred cubits by measure, three gates, the gate of Reuben, the gate of Judah, and the gate of Levi, the gates of the city being named after the tribes of Israel."
"On the east side, which is to be four thousand five hundred cubits, three gates, the gate of Joseph, the gate of Benjamin, and the gate of Dan."
"On the south side, which is to be four thousand five hundred cubits by measure, three gates, the gate of Simeon, the gate of Issachar, and the gate of Zebulun.
On the west side, which is to be four thousand five hundred cubits, three gates, the gate of Gad, the gate of Asher, and the gate of Naphtali.
The circumference of the city shall be eighteen thousand cubits. And the name of the city henceforth shall be, The Lord is there." (Ezekiel 48:30-35 RSV)
Fact Finder: Will 12,000 from the tribe of Issachar be among the 144,000?