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Kadesh, or Kadesh-Barnea, meaning consecrated or holy, was located north of The Sinai Peninsula between the Wilderness of Paran and the Wilderness of Zin. It's first mentioned in The Bible during the time of Abraham, and later, during the Wilderness Journey after the Exodus, the Israelites remained for many years at, and in the vicinity of, Kadesh.

Map Of Israel's Wilderness Journey

Hagar In The Wilderness

After Hagar fled from Sarah, The Lord appeared to her in the area of Kadesh:

"So she called The Name of The Lord who spoke to her, "Thou art a God of seeing"; for she said, "Have I really seen God and remained alive after seeing Him?" Therefore the well was called Beer-lahairoi; it lies between Kadesh and Bered. And Hagar bore Abram a son; and Abram called the name of his son, whom Hagar bore, Ishmael." (Genesis 16:13-15 RSV)

Abraham At Kadesh

Abraham lived in the region of Kadesh for some time:

"From there Abraham journeyed toward the territory of the Negeb, and dwelt between Kadesh and Shur; and he sojourned in Gerar." (Genesis 20:1 RSV)

During The Wilderness Years

Under the leadership of Moses and Aaron, the Israelites remained around Kadesh for many years between the time of the Exodus and the entry into the Promised Land:

"So you remained at Kadesh many days, the days that you remained there." (Deuteronomy 1:46 RSV)

"And the time from our leaving Kadesh-barnea until we crossed the brook Zered was thirty-eight years, until the entire generation, that is, the men of war, had perished from the camp, as The Lord had sworn to them." (Deuteronomy 2:14 RSV)

Spies Sent From Kadesh

From Kadesh, Joshua and others from each of the tribes of Israel were sent to gather information about the Promised Land:

"The Lord [see Rock Of Ages] said to Moses, "Send men to spy out the land of Canaan, which I give to the people of Israel; from each tribe of their fathers shall you send a man, every one a leader among them." So Moses sent them from the wilderness of Paran, according to the command of The Lord, all of them men who were heads of the people of Israel ... At the end of forty days they returned from spying out the land. And they came to Moses and Aaron and to all the congregation of the people of Israel in the wilderness of Paran, at Kadesh; they brought back word to them and to all the congregation, and showed them the fruit of the land." (Numbers 13:1-3,25-26 RSV)

Fact Finder: Did Miriam die near Kadesh?
Numbers 20:1

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