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Sidon, or Zidon, is an ancient city located on the coast of the The Mediterranean Sea, about half way between Beirut and Tyre. It was founded after The Flood as a Canaanite city, named after Noah's great-grandson Sidon: "The sons of Noah who went forth from the ark were Shem, Ham, and Japheth. Ham was the father of Canaan ... Canaan became the father of Sidon his first-born ... And the territory of the Canaanites extended from Sidon, in the direction of Gerar, as far as Gaza, and in the direction of Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboiim, as far as Lasha." (Genesis 9:18 10:15,19 RSV)


Sidon became a Phoenician city, along with Tyre, with which it was associated, and they became famous for their industry and commerce. Although they are often mentioned together in later Bible History, Sidon was slightly older, sometimes referred to as the "mother city" of Tyre, which was sometimes called the "daughter city" (e.g. Isaiah 23:12).

After the Israelites entered the Promised Land under Joshua, Sidon was included within the territory of Asher (see Tribal Lands), but it was not fully taken (i.e. Judges 1:31), and remained an opposing force to Israel (e.g. Judges 10:12). By the time of King David however, Sidon began to fade as a regional power. Solomon (see also Solomon's Kingdom) became allied to Sidon, even including Sidonian women among his many wives and mistresses (1 Kings 11:1), who, along with all of the others, led him into their idolatry (1 Kings 11:33).

Sidon is mentioned by the prophets Isaiah (e.g. Isaiah 23:2,4,12), Jeremiah (Jeremiah 25:22, 27:3, 47:4), Ezekiel (Ezekiel 27:8, 28:21, 32:30) and Joel (Joel 3:4).

Having lived nearly all of His human life in Nazareth and Capernaum in Galilee, Jesus Christ visited Sidon on occasion (Matthew 15:21, Mark 7:24), and numerous people from Sidon listened to Him (Mark 3:8, Luke 6:17).

Sidon remained a major seaport in New Testament times. It was from Sidon that the apostle Paul sailed for Rome (Acts 27:3,4) (see Paul's Journey To Rome).

Fact Finder: What prophecy did Jesus Christ make about Sidon?
Matthew 11:21-22

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