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Kings of Israel and Judah
by Wayne Blank
The northern kingdom of "Israel" lasted just over 200 years before they were conquered and taken away into exile by the Assyrian Empire (see The Galilee Captivity and Ancient Empires - Assyria). They never returned, and have become known to history as the "Lost Ten Tribes of Israel" (see The Gathering of Israel and Judah).
The southern kingdom of "Judah" lasted slightly over 300 years (i.e. Judah existed over a century longer than Israel) before they too were conquered and taken into exile, by the Babylonians (see Ancient Empires - Babylon). Unlike the northern kingdom however, a remnant of the southern kingdom was allowed to return and resettle Jerusalem (see Jeremiah's Field) in the time of Ezra and Nehemiah, after the Babylonians were themselves conquered by the Persians under Cyrus the Great (see Ancient Empires - Persia; Persia is now known as Iran). Their descendants are known as the Jews of today (see also The Origin Of The Essenes, Sadducees And Pharisees).
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