In English, a pavilion, derived from the Latin word for a butterfly, is generally used to describe a large, elaborate tent raised on posts. It can take various forms, but from the perspective of Bible History, it was generally used either for an enclosed or semi-enclosed tent or tabernacle, or a canopy suspended over the throne or judgment-seat of a king. The original Hebrew words translated as such were (pronounced) soo-kaw, meaning a tent or pavilion and shaf-roor, meaning a tapestry, or royal canopy.
Pavilions Of The Bible
"Thus says The Lord of hosts, the God of Israel: Behold, I will send and take Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon [see also Ancient Empires - Babylon], my servant, and he will set his throne above these stones which I have hid, and he will spread his royal canopy ["his royal pavilion" in the KJV] over them." (Jeremiah 43:10 RSV)
"One thing have I asked of The Lord, that will I seek after; that I may dwell in the house of The Lord all the days of my life, to behold the beauty of The Lord, and to inquire in His Temple [see Physical and Spiritual Temples]. For He will hide me in His shelter ["his pavilion" in the KJV] in the day of trouble; He will conceal me under the cover of His tent, He will set me high upon a rock." (Psalm 27:4-5 RSV)
"He made darkness his covering around him, his canopy ["his pavilion" in the KJV] thick clouds dark with water. Out of the brightness before him there broke through his clouds hailstones and coals of fire." (Psalm 18:11-12 RSV)
In Prophecy, regarding the "King of the North" (see the Fact Finder question below) who, with his vast military forces, will sweep (literally drive most of his troops down from adjacent Europe, no air or sea transport of his vast army required across the Atlantic or Pacific ocean, which is profound proof of who the Satan-empowered (see Revelation 13) war-worshipping (as he is described below) "King of the North" won't be) down from Europe into the Middle East, and who will pitch his "royal pavilion" in Israel somewhere between the Mediterranean seacoast and Jerusalem:
"Forces from him shall appear and profane the Temple [again, see Physical and Spiritual Temples] and fortress, and shall take away the continual burnt offering. And they shall set up the abomination that makes desolate. He shall seduce with flattery those who violate the covenant; but the people who know their God shall stand firm and take action."
"And those among the people who are wise shall make many understand, though they shall fall by sword and flame, by captivity and plunder, for some days. When they fall, they shall receive a little help. And many shall join themselves to them with flattery; and some of those who are wise shall fall, to refine and to cleanse them and to make them white, until the time of the end, for it is yet for the time appointed."
"And the king shall do according to his will; he shall exalt himself and magnify himself above every god, and shall speak astonishing things against the God of gods [see Who Is The Lawless One?]. He shall prosper till the indignation is accomplished; for what is determined shall be done. He shall give no heed to the gods of his fathers, or to the one beloved by women; he shall not give heed to any other god, for he shall magnify himself above all. He shall honor the god of fortresses instead of these; a god whom his fathers did not know he shall honor with gold and silver, with precious stones and costly gifts. He shall deal with the strongest fortresses by the help of a foreign god; those who acknowledge him he shall magnify with honor. He shall make them rulers over many and shall divide the land for a price."
"At the time of the end the king of the south shall attack him; but the king of the north shall rush upon him like a whirlwind, with chariots and horsemen, and with many ships; and he shall come into countries and shall overflow and pass through. He shall come into the glorious land. And tens of thousands shall fall, but these shall be delivered out of his hand: Edom and Moab and the main part of the Ammonites. He shall stretch out his hand against the countries, and the land of Egypt shall not escape. He shall become ruler of the treasures of gold and of silver, and all the precious things of Egypt; and the Libyans and the Ethiopians shall follow in his train. But tidings from the east and the north shall alarm him, and he shall go forth with great fury to exterminate and utterly destroy many. And he shall pitch his palatial tents [i.e. "royal pavilions" in NASB] between the sea and the glorious holy mountain; yet he shall come to his end, with none to help him." (Daniel 11:31-45 RSV)
Fact Finder: Who will be the "King of the North," described in Daniel chapter 11 above, who will pitch his royal pavilions near Jerusalem?
See Imperial Rome, One Last Time and The Antichrist