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Accad

Accad, or Akkad, was a very ancient city in the land of Shinar (in Mesopotamia, see map below), near the Euphrates River. It was one of the first cities in the world after The Flood, founded within Nimrod's kingdom. Accad also came to be used for the territory around the city of Accad, which naturally was the capital.

Depictions of the people of Accad in ancient Babylonian inscriptions describe the Accadians as "black," while the Semitic Babylonians are described as "white" - among the earliest references to the so-called "races" of the human race (i.e. the descendants of Adam and Eve) who spread, or were spread, throughout the world. This included even across the vast oceans; the many modern-day nations of North and South America, from Canada and the US state of Alaska at the northernmost, to Chile and Argentina at the southernmost, were founded first by the descendants of Japheth who merely walked a few miles across winter sea ice between Asia and Alaska and then spread southward over the centuries. Their descendants became known as the "Indians" (a name erroneously given to them by the first European explorers who thought that they had arrived in India) and Eskimos (this has been verified by modern-day DNA testing that proves that the native people of the Americas originated in China). Then, many hundreds of years later, the descendants of Shem and Ham arrived and "discovered America" (and all of the people who were already there) after long and perilous sea voyages from Europe and Africa.

Mesopotamia

After the flood, the descendants of Noah's son Ham became the founders of many nations that became well-known to Bible History, including Babel and Accad:

"These are the generations of the sons of Noah, Shem, Ham, and Japheth; sons were born to them after the flood."

"The sons of Ham: Cush, Egypt, Put, and Canaan."

"The sons of Cush: Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah, and Sabteca. The sons of Raamah: Sheba and Dedan."

"Cush became the father of Nimrod; he was the first on earth to be a mighty man. He was a mighty hunter before The Lord; therefore it is said, "Like Nimrod a mighty hunter before The Lord." The beginning of his kingdom was Babel, Erech, and Accad, all of them in the land of Shinar."

"From that land he went into Assyria, and built Nineveh, Rehoboth-Ir, Calah, and Resen between Nineveh and Calah; that is the great city."

"Egypt became the father of Ludim, Anamim, Lehabim, Naphtuhim, Pathrusim, Casluhim - whence came the Philistines - and Caphtorim."

"Canaan became the father of Sidon his first-born, and Heth, and the Jebusites, the Amorites, the Girgashites, the Hivites, the Arkites, the Sinites, the Arvadites, the Zemarites, and the Hamathites. Afterward the families of the Canaanites spread abroad. And the territory of the Canaanites extended from Sidon, in the direction of Gerar, as far as Gaza, and in the direction of Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboiim, as far as Lasha."

"These are the sons of Ham, by their families, their languages, their lands, and their nations." (Genesis 10:1,6-20 RSV)

Fact Finder: What are the two empires of ancient Mesopotamia that were most directly involved in the history of Israel?
See Ancient Empires - Assyria and Ancient Empires - Babylon


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