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The Anatolian Peninsula

A peninsula may be defined as "a large land mass which projects into a body of water." The Anatolian Peninsula, or simply Anatolia, is the Asiatic area of what is today Turkey, known in ancient times as Asia Minor. The general boundaries were the Black Sea to the north, the Sea of Marmara, the Bosporus, and the Dardanelles to the northwest, The Aegean Sea to the west, The Mediterranean Sea to the south.

Seven 7 Churches of Asia Revelation Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia, Laodicea

Anatolia's central location between Greece and Mesopotamia made it a common meeting point between Europe and Asia during Bible History. After the decline of the Hittites, the region was colonized by the Greeks (see Ancient Empires - Greece), and later by the Persians (see Ancient Empires - Persia) after the Persian Wars. The Romans (see Ancient Empires - Rome) then followed.

Cities in Anatolia most familiar in The Bible are Alexandria Troas, Assos, Attalia, Antioch, Colossae, Derbe, Ephesus, Iconium, Laodicea, Lystra, Miletus, Patara, Pergamum, Philadelphia, Sardis, Smyrna, Tarsus (see the Fact Finder question below) and Thyatira (see also Bible Places).

The apostle Paul (see Paul's Ministry), who wrote a very large part of The New Testament, was from Tarsus in Anatolia and he traveled widely through the region in his ministry (see Paul's First Missionary Journey and Paul's Second Missionary Journey and Paul's Third Missionary Journey

The Island Of Patmos is located in the Aegean Sea just off the west coast of Anatolia, or Asia Minor. It was there that the The Apostle John was given to write the book of Revelation, including the letters to the The Seven Churches - Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia, and Laodicea.

Fact Finder: Where was the apostle Paul's home town, Tarus, located in Anatolia?
See Tarsus

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