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The Lord of Sabaoth

The New Testament Greek word pronounced sab-ah-owth is based upon the Old Testament Hebrew word pronounced tseb-aw-aw (i.e. Greeks pronounced the Hebrew word tseb-aw-aw as sab-ah-owth). Both the Hebrew word, and its Greek version, mean armies or a great mass of people or angels. In English translations of the Scriptures, the Greek word sab-ah-owth is written as Sabaoth (despite the similarity in English, Sabaoth and Sabbath are unrelated i.e. Sabaoth means armies, Sabbath means rest).

"He maketh wars to cease unto the end of the earth"

The King James Version uses Sabaoth twice in the New Testament in referring to "The Lord of Sabaoth" (some translations of the Scriptures use "Sabaoth" in these verses whereas others use "hosts"):


"For He will finish the work, and cut it short in righteousness: because a short work will The Lord make upon the earth. And as Esaias said before, Except The Lord of Sabaoth had left us a seed, we had been as Sodoma, and been made like unto Gomorrha" (Romans 9:28-29 KJV)

"Behold, the hire of the labourers who have reaped down your fields, which is of you kept back by fraud, crieth: and the cries of them which have reaped are entered into the ears of The Lord of Sabaoth." (James 5:4 KJV)

The basis of the New Testament usage of the word Sabaoth is its military origin in the Old Testament, translated in these examples as "The Lord of hosts":

"Then said David [see King David] to the Philistine, Thou comest to me with a sword, and with a spear, and with a shield: but I come to thee in The Name of The Lord of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom thou hast defied."

"Again, David gathered together all the chosen men of Israel, thirty thousand. And David arose, and went with all the people that were with him from Baale of Judah, to bring up from thence the Ark of God, whose name is called by The Name of The Lord of hosts that dwelleth between the cherubims [see The Mercy Seat]" (2 Samuel 6:1-2 KJV)

"Who is this King of glory? The Lord strong and mighty, The Lord mighty in battle. Lift up your heads, O ye gates; even lift them up, ye everlasting doors; and the King of glory shall come in. Who is this King of glory? The Lord of hosts, he is the King of glory" (Psalm 24:8-10 KJV)

"God is greatly to be feared in the assembly of the saints, and to be had in reverence of all them that are about him. O Lord God of hosts, who is a strong Lord like unto thee?" (Psalm 89:7-8 KJV)

The difference between The Lord's great military power and man's war capabilities however is that The Lord's armies are coming to end war forever (see the Fact Finder question below).

"The Lord of hosts is with us; the God of Jacob is our refuge. Selah. Come, behold the works of The Lord, what desolations He hath made in the earth. He maketh wars to cease unto the end of the earth; He breaketh the bow, and cutteth the spear in sunder; he burneth the chariot in the fire." (Psalm 46:7-9 KJV)

Fact Finder: Why will the meaning of the term "The Lord of Sabaoth" as explained above very much apply to Jesus Christ at His return?
See The Prince of Peace

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