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Acacia

Acacia is a species of thorny trees that were available in the Sinai after the Exodus. The Hebrew word for the acacia is (pronounced) shih-taw; some English language Bible translations therefore use the transliterated (unlike translated which conveys the meaning of a word from one language to another, transliteration means writing a word in one language based on the way that it sounds in the original language) "shittah" while others use "acacia" e.g. for Exodus 25:10 the Revised Standard Version (RSV) has "they shall make an ark of acacia wood," whereas the King James Version (KJV) has "they shall make an ark of shittim wood." The framing and furnishings of The Tabernacle In The Wilderness were made from acacia, as was the Ark of the Covenant. Some also believe that Christ's "crown of thorns" was made from acacia, however, although possible, acacia is not specifically mentioned.

"They shall make an ark of acacia wood"

The Ark of the Covenant (see also Raiders Of The Lost Ark), in which were placed the Ten Commandments (see The Decalogue; also What Did The Ten Commandments Look Like?) was made of gold-covered acacia.

Ark Of The Covenant

"They shall make an ark of acacia wood; two cubits and a half shall be its length, a cubit and a half its breadth, and a cubit and a half its height. And you shall overlay it with pure gold, within and without shall you overlay it, and you shall make upon it a molding of gold round about. And you shall cast four rings of gold for it and put them on its four feet, two rings on the one side of it, and two rings on the other side of it. You shall make poles of acacia wood, and overlay them with gold. And you shall put the poles into the rings on the sides of the ark, to carry the ark by them. The poles shall remain in the rings of the ark; they shall not be taken from it." (Exodus 25:10-15 KJV)

The table on which the Bread of the Presence was placed was made of gold-covered acacia.

"And you shall make a table of acacia wood; two cubits shall be its length, a cubit its breadth, and a cubit and a half its height. You shall overlay it with pure gold, and make a molding of gold around it. And you shall make around it a frame a handbreadth wide, and a molding of gold around the frame. And you shall make for it four rings of gold, and fasten the rings to the four corners at its four legs. Close to the frame the rings shall lie, as holders for the poles to carry the table. You shall make the poles of acacia wood, and overlay them with gold, and the table shall be carried with these. And you shall make its plates and dishes for incense, and its flagons and bowls with which to pour libations; of pure gold you shall make them. And you shall set the bread of the Presence on the table before me always." (Exodus 25:23-30 KJV)

The framing of the Tabernacle was made from acacia.

"And you shall make upright frames for the tabernacle of acacia wood. Ten cubits shall be the length of a frame, and a cubit and a half the breadth of each frame." (Exodus 26:15-16 KJV)

The altar of burnt offering was made of bronze-covered acacia. Note that since the Tabernacle was portable, furnishings of the Tabernacle, including the Ark of the Covenant, had carrying poles - which were made of acacia.

"You shall make the altar of acacia wood, five cubits long and five cubits broad; the altar shall be square, and its height shall be three cubits. And you shall make horns for it on its four corners; its horns shall be of one piece with it, and you shall overlay it with bronze. You shall make pots for it to receive its ashes, and shovels and basins and forks and firepans; all its utensils you shall make of bronze. You shall also make for it a grating, a network of bronze; and upon the net you shall make four bronze rings at its four corners. And you shall set it under the ledge of the altar so that the net shall extend halfway down the altar. And you shall make poles for the altar, poles of acacia wood, and overlay them with bronze; and the poles shall be put through the rings, so that the poles shall be upon the two sides of the altar, when it is carried. You shall make it hollow, with boards; as it has been shown you on the mountain, so shall it be made." (Exodus 27:1-8 KJV)

Fact Finder: Does Prophecy describe a future time in which The Lord "will open rivers on the bare heights, and fountains in the midst of the valleys; I will make the wilderness a pool of water, and the dry land springs of water. I will put in the wilderness the cedar, the acacia, the myrtle, and the olive; I will set in the desert the cypress, the plane and the pine together; that men may see and know, may consider and understand together, that the hand of The Lord has done this, the Holy One of Israel has created it"?
Isaiah 41:18-20


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