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by Wayne Blank
True Zionism Is About Those Who Accept The Messiah, Not Those Who Reject And Blaspheme Him
After David captured Zion from the Jebusites, his citadel and palace became "the city of David." Located on the south-eastern hill of Jerusalem, it was mostly surrounded by defensive valleys, the Tyropoeon Valley, the Kidron Valley and the Valley Of Hinnom. The meaning of Zion has however grown tremendously from David's time 3,000 years ago, from the physical place where a conquering Israelite king established his home for the benefit of his people, to a spiritual place where another conquering King will establish His home for the benefit of all people.
When David's successor, his son Solomon, moved The Ark Of The Covenant, containing the The Ten Commandments to the new Temple (see Temples) on nearby Mount Moriah (popularly known today as The Temple Mount), the name Zion was extended to include the Temple.
"Then Solomon assembled the elders of Israel and all the heads of the tribes, the leaders of the fathers' houses of the people of Israel, before King Solomon in Jerusalem, to bring up the Ark of the Covenant of The Lord out of the city of David, which is Zion." (1 Kings 8:1 RSV)
In later times of the kings (see Kings of Israel and Judah), the term Zion came to be used for all of Jerusalem, and then further for the Israelite people themselves.
"This is the word that The Lord has spoken concerning him: "She despises you, she scorns you - the virgin daughter of Zion; she wags her head behind you - the daughter of Jerusalem." (2 Kings 19:21 RSV)
And then, in reference to The Messiah for all people, of all nations:
"And when they drew near to Jerusalem and came to Bethphage, to The Mount Of Olives, then Jesus sent two disciples, saying to them, "Go into the village opposite you, and immediately you will find an ass tied, and a colt with her; untie them and bring them to me. If any one says anything to you, you shall say, 'The Lord has need of them,' and he will send them immediately." This took place to fulfil what was spoken by the prophet, saying, "Tell the daughter of Zion, Behold, your king is coming to you, humble, and mounted on an ass, and on a colt, the foal of an ass." (Matthew 21:1-5 RSV)
Fact Finder: Who is the "daughter of Zion"?