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1 Chronicles 4-6
Continuing on from chapter 2, the genealogy of the clans (see Family, Clan, Tribe, Nation) of Judah is further detailed, as shown in the excerpt below. Note also how place names (see also Bible Places) are connected to people e.g. "Hur, the first-born of Ephrathah, the father of Bethlehem" - the literal translation of that verse is "Ephrathah was governor of Bethlehem." The city of Bethlehem in Judah (see Two Bethlehems) was also earlier known was Ephrathah i.e. "So Rachel died, and she was buried on the way to Ephrath, that is, Bethlehem" (Genesis 35:19 RSV).
"The sons of Judah: Perez [see Tamar and Judah], Hezron, Carmi, Hur, and Shobal.
"The sons of Simeon: Nemuel, Jamin, Jarib, Zerah, Shaul; Shallum was his son, Mibsam his son, Mishma his son. The sons of Mishma: Hammuel his son, Zaccur his son, Shimei his son.
1 Chronicles Chapter 5
Reuben was the actual firstborn of Israel's children, but because of his immoral behavior "his birthright was given to the sons of Joseph the son of Israel." Reuben's tribal inheritance was east of The Jordan River along with Gad and half of Manasseh. The eastern tribes were the first to be conquered by the Assyrians (see Ancient Empires - Assyria), prior to the The Galilee Captivity.
"The sons of Reuben the first-born of Israel, for he was the first-born; but because he polluted his father's couch, his birthright was given to the sons of Joseph the son of Israel [see The Israelite Patriarchs - Joseph], so that he is not enrolled in the genealogy according to the birthright; though Judah became strong among his brothers and a prince was from him, yet the birthright belonged to Joseph, the sons of Reuben, the first-born of Israel: Hanoch, Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi.
Prior to their fall to the Assyrians however, the Reubenites and other eastern tribes successfully defended their lands in Gilead.
"The Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half-tribe of Manasseh had valiant men, who carried shield and sword, and drew the bow, expert in war, forty-four thousand seven hundred and sixty, ready for service. They made war upon the Hagrites, Jetur, Naphish, and Nodab; and when they received help against them, the Hagrites and all who were with them were given into their hands, for they cried to God in the battle, and He granted their entreaty because they trusted in Him." (1 Chronicles 5:18-20 RSV)
Their fall to the Assyrians inevitably came however because of their idolatry, "So the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul king of Assyria, the spirit of Tilgath-pilneser king of Assyria, and he carried them away, namely, the Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half-tribe of Manasseh."
"The members of the half-tribe of Manasseh dwelt in the land; they were very numerous from Bashan to Baal-hermon, Senir, and Mount Hermon. These were the heads of their fathers' houses: Epher, Ishi, Eliel, Azriel, Jeremiah, Hodaviah, and Jahdiel, mighty warriors, famous men, heads of their fathers' houses. But they transgressed against the God of their fathers, and played the harlot after the gods of the peoples of the land, whom God had destroyed before them. So the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul king of Assyria, the spirit of Tilgath-pilneser king of Assyria, and he carried them away, namely, the Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half-tribe of Manasseh, and brought them to Halah, Habor, Hara, and the river Gozan, to this day." (1 Chronicles 5:23-26 RSV)
1 Chronicles Chapter 6
The descendants of Levi, the Levites, were assigned a separate responsibility in Israel - the priesthood and related service. Because they served throughout the other tribal territories, the Levites were given no tribal territory of their own, however they were given their own self-sufficient cities throughout the land of Israel. Moses (see The Education Of Moses; also Why Did Christ Put Moses To Death?) and Aaron were Levites, as was John The Baptist (see also John's Last Days).
"The sons of Levi: Gershom, Kohath, and Merari.
Levites had different skills and levels of service. Among them were the Temple musicians.
"These are the men whom David put in charge of the service of song in the house of The Lord, after the Ark [see The Ark Of The Covenant] rested there. They ministered with song before the tabernacle of the tent of meeting [see The Tabernacle In The Wilderness], until Solomon [see also The United Kingdom] had built the house of The Lord in Jerusalem [see Temples]; and they performed their service in due order. These are the men who served and their sons" (1 Chronicles 6:31-33 RSV)
The sons of Aaron served as the high priesthood, which was symbolic of the coming of Jesus Christ (see the Fact Finder question below).
"But Aaron and his sons made offerings upon the altar of burnt offering and upon the altar of incense for all the work of the most holy place, and to make atonement for Israel, according to all that Moses the servant of God had commanded.
Fact Finder: Who is the ultimate High Priest of Israel?