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Psalm 103-105

Supplemental notes for the Daily Bible Study Bible Reading Plan

by Wayne Blank

Psalm Chapter 103

"The steadfast love of The Lord is from everlasting to everlasting upon those who fear Him, and His righteousness to children's children, to those who keep His covenant and remember to do His commandments" in this Psalm is a plain statement that God requires obedience from those who will be born again as His children. What about those who refuse to repent, in contrast to those who do? "Blessed are those who wash their robes, that they may have the right to the tree of life and that they may enter the city [see The City To Come] by the gates. Outside are the dogs and sorcerers and fornicators and murderers and idolaters, and every one who loves and practices falsehood." (Revelation 22:14-15 RSV).

The Ten Commandments

"A Psalm of David.

Bless The Lord, O my soul [see Where Is Your Soul?]; and all that is within me, bless His Holy Name! [see What Is God's Name?] Bless The Lord, O my soul, and forget not all His benefits, Who forgives all your iniquity, Who heals all your diseases, Who redeems your life from the Pit [see Sheol and Hades], Who crowns you with steadfast love and mercy, who satisfies you with good as long as you live so that your youth is renewed like the eagle's.

The Lord Works vindication and justice for all who are oppressed. He made known His ways to Moses [see The Education Of Moses], His acts to the people of Israel. The Lord is merciful and gracious, slow to anger and abounding in steadfast love. He will not always chide, nor will He keep His anger for ever. He does not deal with us according to our sins, nor requite us according to our iniquities. For as the heavens are high above the earth [see How High Is Heaven?], so great is His steadfast love toward those who fear Him; as far as the east is from the west, so far does He remove our transgressions from us. As a father pities His children, so The Lord pities those who fear Him. For He knows our frame; He remembers that we are dust [see Ashes To Ashes, Dust To Dust]. As for man, His days are like grass; He flourishes like a flower of the field; for the wind passes over it, and it is gone, and its place knows it no more. But the steadfast love of The Lord is from everlasting to everlasting upon those who fear Him, and His righteousness to children's children, to those who keep His covenant [see Why A New Covenant?] and remember to do His commandments.

The Lord has established His throne in the heavens [see The Ancient of Days and The Throne Of God, From Heaven To Earth], and His kingdom rules over all. Bless The Lord, O you His angels, you mighty ones who do His word [see What Do Angels Do?], hearkening to the voice of His word! Bless The Lord, all His Hosts, His Ministers that do His will! Bless The Lord, all His works, in all places of His dominion. Bless The Lord, O my soul!" (Psalm 103:1-22 RSV)

Psalm Chapter 104

God's Calendar (see Bible Calendar and Bible Months) began at Creation, based on Creation i.e. "And God said, "Let there be lights in the firmament of the heavens to separate the day from the night; and let them be for signs and for seasons and for days and years" (Genesis 1:14 RSV). "Thou hast made the moon to mark the seasons; the sun knows its time for setting" in this Psalm refers to this same enduring means of marking time that will continue into the Kingdom of God e.g. "From new moon to new moon, and from Sabbath to Sabbath, all flesh shall come to worship before Me, says The Lord." (Isaiah 66:23 RSV)

Moon Phases

"Bless The Lord, O my soul!

O Lord my God, Thou art very great! Thou art clothed with honor and majesty, who coverest Thyself with light [see The Light Of Life] as with a garment, who hast stretched out the heavens like a tent, who hast laid the beams of Thy chambers on the waters, who makest the clouds Thy chariot [see Behold, He Cometh With Clouds], who ridest on the wings of the wind, who makest the winds Thy messengers, fire and flame Thy ministers. Thou didst set the earth on its foundations [see The Lord's Plumb Line], so that it should never be shaken. Thou didst cover it with the deep as with a garment; the waters stood above the mountains. At Thy rebuke they fled; at the sound of Thy Thunder they took to flight. The mountains rose, the valleys sank down to the place which Thou didst appoint for them. Thou didst set a bound which they should not pass, so that they might not again cover the earth.

Thou makest springs gush forth in the valleys [see Living Waters]; they flow between the hills, they give drink to every beast of the field; the wild asses quench their thirst. By them the birds of the air have their habitation; they sing among the branches. From Thy lofty abode Thou waterest the mountains; the earth is satisfied with the fruit of Thy work. Thou dost cause the grass to grow for the cattle, and plants for man to cultivate, that He may bring forth food from the earth, and wine to gladden the heart of man, oil to make His face shine, and bread to strengthen man's heart. The trees of The Lord are watered abundantly [see Willows Of The Brook], the cedars of Lebanon which He planted. In them the birds [see Birds Of The Bible] build their nests; the stork has her home in the fir trees. The high mountains are for the wild goats; the rocks are a refuge for the badgers.

Thou hast made the moon to mark the seasons; the sun knows its time for setting. Thou makest Darkness, and it is night, when all the beasts of the forest creep forth. The young lions roar for their prey, seeking their food from God. When the sun rises, they get them away and lie down in their dens. Man goes forth to His work and to His labor until the evening.

O Lord, how manifold are Thy works! In wisdom hast Thou made them all [see God's Wisdom]; the earth is full of Thy creatures. Yonder is the sea, great and wide, which teems with things innumerable, living things both small and great. There go the ships, and Leviathan [see also Dragons] which Thou didst form to sport in it.

These all look to Thee, to give them their food in due season. When Thou givest to them, they gather it up; when Thou openest Thy hand, they are filled with good things. When Thou hidest Thy face, they are dismayed; when Thou takest away their breath [see Giving Up The Ghost], they die and return to their dust. When Thou sendest forth Thy Spirit, they are created [see The Spirit Of God]; and Thou renewest the face of the ground.

May the glory of The Lord endure for ever, may The Lord rejoice in His works [see Christ The Creator], Who looks on the earth and it trembles, Who touches the mountains and they smoke! I will sing to The Lord as long as I live; I will sing praise to my God while I have being. May my meditation be pleasing to Him, for I rejoice in The Lord. Let sinners be consumed from the earth [see They Shall Be Ashes], and let the wicked be no more! [see Why Does God Allow Evil?] Bless The Lord, O my soul! Praise The Lord!" (Psalm 104:1-35 RSV)

Psalm Chapter 105

Physical Israelites originated from the "foreign" nations of the Middle East (e.g. see Israel's Iraqi Roots) and north Africa (e.g. see Ephraim and Manasseh) as a direct prefigure of spiritual Israel in which salvation is available to everyone, everywhere (see Physical and Spiritual Israel).


"O give thanks to The Lord, call on His Name, make known His deeds among the peoples! Sing to Him, sing praises to Him, tell of all His wonderful works! Glory in His Holy Name; let the hearts of those who seek The Lord rejoice! [see A Pure Heart] Seek The Lord and His strength, seek His presence continually!

Remember the wonderful works that He has done, His miracles, and the judgments He uttered, O offspring of Abraham His servant, sons of Jacob [see Children of Jacob], His chosen ones! He is The Lord our God; His judgments are in all the earth.

He is mindful of His covenant for ever [see Why A New Covenant?], of the word that He commanded, for a thousand generations, the covenant which He made with Abraham, His sworn promise to Isaac [see Isaac's Faith And Obedience], which He confirmed to Jacob as a statute, to Israel as an everlasting covenant, saying, "To you I will give the land of Canaan as your portion for an inheritance."

When they were few in number, of little account, and sojourners in it, wandering from nation to nation, from one kingdom to another people, He allowed no one to oppress them; He rebuked kings on their account, saying, "Touch not my anointed ones, do my prophets no harm!" When He summoned a famine on the land, and broke every staff of bread, He had sent a man ahead of them, Joseph [see The Israelite Patriarchs - Joseph], who was sold as a slave. His feet were hurt with fetters, His neck was put in a collar of iron; until what He had said came to pass the word of The Lord tested him. The king sent and released him, the ruler of the peoples set him free; He made him lord of His house, and ruler of all His possessions, to instruct His princes at His pleasure, and to teach His elders wisdom.

Then Israel came to Egypt; Jacob sojourned in the land of Ham. And The Lord made His people very fruitful, and made them stronger than their foes. He turned their hearts to hate His people, to deal craftily with His servants. He sent Moses His servant [see The Education Of Moses and The Trysting Tent], and Aaron whom He had chosen. They wrought His signs among them, and miracles in the land of Ham. He sent darkness, and made the land dark; they rebelled against His words. He turned their waters into blood, and caused their fish to die. Their land swarmed with frogs, even in the chambers of their kings. He spoke, and there came swarms of flies, and gnats throughout their country. He gave them hail for rain, and lightning that flashed through their land. He smote their vines and fig trees, and shattered the trees of their country. He spoke, and the locusts came, and young locusts without number; which devoured all the vegetation in their land, and ate up the fruit of their ground. He smote all the first-born in their land, the first issue of all their strength.

Then He [see "The God Of The Old Testament"] led forth Israel with silver and gold, and there was none among His tribes who stumbled. Egypt was glad when they departed, for dread of them had fallen upon it. He spread a cloud for a covering, and fire to give light by night. They asked, and He brought quails, and gave them bread from heaven in abundance. He opened the rock, and water gushed forth; it flowed through the desert like a river.

For He remembered His holy promise, and Abraham His servant. So He led forth His people with joy, His chosen ones with singing. And He gave them the lands of the nations; and they took possession of the fruit of the peoples' toil, to the end that they should keep His statutes, and observe His laws. Praise The Lord!" (Psalm 105:1-45 RSV)

Fact Finder: Does God ever forget anything?
See What Does God Forget?

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