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Romans 15-16, 1 Corinthians 1
"15:4 For whatsoever things were written aforetime were written for our learning, that we through patience and comfort of the scriptures might have hope" (Romans 15:4 KJV) refers to the "Old" Testament, because the "New" Testament wasn't written yet (see Jesus Christ's Bible). The Holy Scriptures have always been about Christ and Christianity.
It was by Christ that God Created all things, including Christ's Sabbath when He rested on the Seventh Day of Creation (see Christ The Creator):
"1:14 In whom we have redemption through his blood [see Why Blood?], even the forgiveness of sins: 1:15 Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature: 1:16 For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him" (Colossians 1:14-16 KJV)
It was Christ that re-delivered the Ten Commandments at Mount Sinai (see The Ten Commandments Before Sinai?), for all of humanity (see The God Of The Old Testament, Why Did Christ Put Moses To Death?):
"10:1 Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea; 10:2 And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea; 10:3 And did all eat the same spiritual meat; 10:4 And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ" (1 Corinthians 10:1-4 KJV).
"15:1 We then that are strong ought to bear the infirmities of the weak, and not to please ourselves. 15:2 Let every one of us please his neighbour for his good to edification. 15:3 For even Christ pleased not himself [see A Man With A Mission]; but, as it is written, The reproaches of them that reproached thee fell on me. 15:4 For whatsoever things were written aforetime were written for our learning, that we through patience and comfort of the scriptures might have hope.
Israel was created from "gentiles" (e.g. see Israel's Iraqi Roots). Paul's ministry to the Gentiles was merely a continuation of what Christ began at the very beginning when humanity, all of it, was created.
"15:14 And I myself also am persuaded of you, my brethren, that ye also are full of goodness, filled with all knowledge [see Growing In The Grace And Knowledge], able also to admonish one another. 15:15 Nevertheless, brethren, I have written the more boldly unto you in some sort, as putting you in mind, because of the grace that is given to me of God, 15:16 That I should be the minister of Jesus Christ to the Gentiles, ministering the gospel of God, that the offering up of the Gentiles might be acceptable, being sanctified by the Holy Ghost.
There were many true Christians in Rome (see the next chapter); Paul's plan to visit Rome was for their sake, not for any reverence or admiration of the capital city of a malignant empire (see Ancient Empires - Rome), that hadn't yet perverted a large part of the true Church of God at Rome into the Church of Rome at Rome (see The Struggle For The Papacy, The Political Origin Of The Papacy and Emperors and Popes; see also Simon Magus).
"15:23 But now having no more place in these parts, and having a great desire these many years to come unto you; 15:24 Whensoever I take my journey into Spain, I will come to you: for I trust to see you in my journey, and to be brought on my way thitherward by you, if first I be somewhat filled with your company. 15:25 But now I go unto Jerusalem to minister unto the saints [see What Is A Saint?]. 15:26 For it hath pleased them of Macedonia and Achaia to make a certain contribution for the poor saints which are at Jerusalem. 15:27 It hath pleased them verily; and their debtors they are. For if the Gentiles have been made partakers of their spiritual things [see Spiritual Conception], their duty is also to minister unto them in carnal things. 15:28 When therefore I have performed this, and have sealed to them this fruit, I will come by you into Spain. 15:29 And I am sure that, when I come unto you, I shall come in the fulness of the blessing of the gospel of Christ.
Romans Chapter 16
Paul's (see Paul's Ministry) letter (i.e. epistle; see Epistles) concludes with a list of greetings to the many true Christians in Rome at that time. Notice also that Paul's letter was written by Tertius, who includes his own greeting i.e. "16:22 I Tertius, who wrote this epistle, salute you in the Lord" (Romans 16:22 KJV).
"16:1 I commend unto you Phebe our sister [see also The Women Who Stood With Him], which is a servant of the church which is at Cenchrea: 16:2 That ye receive her in the Lord, as becometh saints, and that ye assist her in whatsoever business she hath need of you: for she hath been a succourer of many, and of myself also.
1 Corinthians Chapter 1
Corinth was an ancient city on the isthmus that connected the The Peloponnesus to the Greek mainland. Although originally a Greek city, with the decline of the Greek empire (see Ancient Empires - Greece), in Paul's time it was subject to Roman rule (see Ancient Empires - Rome).
Paul's first letter (i.e. epistle; see Epistles) to the Christians of Corinth was written from Ephesus ("16:7 For I will not see you now by the way; but I trust to tarry a while with you, if the Lord permit. 16:8 But I will tarry at Ephesus until Pentecost" 1 Corinthians 16:8 KJV). The epistle demonstrates how quickly Satan's attacks begin when people strive to obey The Lord (see Concupiscence to understand the principle that problems only happen when one holds something). Paul's purpose in writing the letter was to correct errors and factious contentions that had infested the Church of God in the city.
"1:1 Paul, called to be an apostle of Jesus Christ through the will of God, and Sosthenes our brother,
Paul also reminded them in his opening that it was by the grace of God that they came to understand what they did - which is not open to revision by man.
"1:4 I thank my God always on your behalf, for the grace of God which is given you by Jesus Christ [see Growing In The Grace And Knowledge]; 1:5 That in every thing ye are enriched by him, in all utterance, and in all knowledge; 1:6 Even as the testimony of Christ was confirmed in you: 1:7 So that ye come behind in no gift; waiting for the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ: 1:8 Who shall also confirm you unto the end, that ye may be blameless in the day of our Lord Jesus Christ. 1:9 God is faithful, by whom ye were called unto the fellowship of his Son Jesus Christ our Lord." (1 Corinthians 1:4-9 KJV)
The divisions in the church were happening because people were drifting from the pure Word of God to the words of themselves, following a particular teacher, rather than Christ. When Paul told them to be "perfectly joined together in the same mind and in the same judgment," he wasn't talking about merely all following the same man; he was talking about everyone following Christ.
"1:10 Now I beseech you, brethren, by the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that ye all speak the same thing, and that there be no divisions among you; but that ye be perfectly joined together in the same mind and in the same judgment. 1:11 For it hath been declared unto me of you, my brethren, by them which are of the house of Chloe, that there are contentions among you. 1:12 Now this I say, that every one of you saith, I am of Paul [i.e. Paul's Ministry]; and I of Apollos [i.e. the ministry of Apollos]; and I of Cephas [i.e. Peter's Ministry]; and I of Christ.
"1:18 For the preaching of the cross [see Crossing The T to understand what the "cross" really looked like] is to them that perish foolishness; but unto us which are saved it is the power of God. 1:19 For it is written, I will destroy the wisdom of the wise, and will bring to nothing the understanding of the prudent.
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