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Ahinoam the JezreelitessJezreel who became a wife of King David (not to be confused with another woman named Ahinoam who was a wife of King Saul i.e. "the name of Saul's wife was Ahinoam, the daughter of Ahimaaz" 1 Samuel 14:50 KJV). Ahinoam of Jezreel was the mother of David's first son, Amnon (see the Fact Finder question below).
"His firstborn was Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess"
Ahinoam became a wife of David at the same time as Abigail, the widow of Nabal (who, if he hadn't died from a heart attack would have been killed by David anyway). Michal, the daughter of Saul, was also, almost, a wife of David prior to that.
"25:39 And when David heard that Nabal was dead [see notes for 1 Samuel 25], he said, Blessed be the LORD, that hath pleaded the cause of my reproach from the hand of Nabal, and hath kept his servant from evil: for the LORD hath returned the wickedness of Nabal upon his own head.
The marriage of Ahinoam and David occurred during The Civil War between the house of David and the house of Saul.
"27:1 And David said in his heart, I shall now perish one day by the hand of Saul: there is nothing better for me than that I should speedily escape into the land of the Philistines; and Saul shall despair of me, to seek me any more in any coast of Israel: so shall I escape out of his hand.
Ahinoam did not always live safely while David was off at war. She was once taken captive by enemy forces that attacked David's base camp while he was away.
"30:1 And it came to pass, when David and his men were come to Ziklag on the third day, that the Amalekites had invaded the south, and Ziklag, and smitten Ziklag, and burned it with fire; 30:2 And had taken the women captives, that were therein: they slew not any, either great or small, but carried them away, and went on their way.
Ahinoam and all the others were safely taken back later. It wasn't just David's military power that was growing; the political power of Israel was also shifting. When Saul was killed in battle against the Philstines, Israel would soon become The United Kingdom of Israel.
"2:1 And it came to pass after this, that David inquired of the LORD, saying, Shall I go up into any of the cities of Judah?
It was also in Hebron that David's family began to grow - along with the number of wives.
"3:2 And unto David were sons born in Hebron: and his firstborn was Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; 3:3 And his second, Chileab, of Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite; and the third, Absalom the son of Maacah the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur; 3:4 And the fourth, Adonijah the son of Haggith; and the fifth, Shephatiah the son of Abital; 3:5 And the sixth, Ithream, by Eglah David's wife. These were born to David in Hebron." (2 Samuel 3:2-5 KJV)
Fact Finder: What did Amnon do to his half-sister Tamar? What did Tamar's brother Absalom do to his half-brother Amnon?