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Peter's First Sermon
Without the light of the Holy Spirit of God, no one can truly understand the Scriptures. Plain examples of that were the twelve apostles who, although having spent years being personally taught by Christ, were unable to "hear" what He was telling them because they did not yet have the Holy Spirit.
"16:21 From that time forth began Jesus to show unto his disciples, how that he must go unto Jerusalem, and suffer many things of the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and be raised again the third day. 16:22 Then Peter took him, and began to rebuke him, saying, Be it far from thee, Lord: this shall not be unto thee." (Matthew 16:21-22 KJV)
Even after His crucifixion, while still before the Holy Spirit came upon them, they still "as yet they knew not the scripture" - not meaning that they never heard it (they obviously did, as stated in the verse quote above), but that they did not yet have the spiritual means to "hear" it.
"20:6 Then cometh Simon Peter following him, and went into the sepulchre, and seeth the linen clothes lie, 20:7 And the napkin, that was about his head, not lying with the linen clothes, but wrapped together in a place by itself. 20:8 Then went in also that other disciple, which came first to the sepulchre, and he saw, and believed. 20:9 For as yet they knew not the scripture, that he must rise again from the dead." (John 20:6-9 KJV)
After His resurrection, "then opened he their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures" was accomplished by means of the Holy Spirit.
"24:44 And he said unto them, These are the words which I spake unto you, while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in the psalms, concerning me. 24:45 Then opened he their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures, 24:46 And said unto them, Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day: 24:47 And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem. 24:48 And ye are witnesses of these things." (Luke 24:44-48 KJV)
"Then opened he their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures"
Peter's first sermon was delivered at Pentecost when "they were all filled with the Holy Ghost."
"2:14 But Peter, standing up with the eleven, lifted up his voice, and said unto them, Ye men of Judaea, and all ye that dwell at Jerusalem, be this known unto you, and hearken to my words: 2:15 For these are not drunken, as ye suppose, seeing it is but the third hour of the day [i.e. 9 am - see Hours Of The Day]. 2:16 But this is that which was spoken by the prophet Joel;
Peter then explained that, as by Christ's example, the dead are dead until they are resurrected.
2:29 Men and brethren, let me freely speak unto you of the patriarch David, that he is both dead and buried [see What Happens When You Die?], and his sepulchre is with us unto this day. 2:30 Therefore being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him, that of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, he would raise up Christ to sit on his throne; 2:31 He seeing this before spake of the resurrection of Christ, that his soul was not left in hell, neither his flesh did see corruption. 2:32 This Jesus hath God raised up, whereof we all are witnesses. 2:33 Therefore being by the right hand of God exalted [see What Does Jesus Look Like Now?], and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost, he hath shed forth this, which ye now see and hear. 2:34 For David is not ascended into the heavens: but he saith himself,
Fact Finder: Did Jesus Christ tell Peter how Peter's ministry would one day come to an end?