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A Just Bath

A "bath," in Hebrew pronounced bawth, was a liquid measure equivalent to approximately 22 liters (4½ UK gallons, 5½ US gallons). It was one of the standardized weights and measures (see the Fact Finder question below) that were established by the LORD (see Christ The Creator), with the warning to use them with accurate measurements (see also The Lord's Plumb Line).

"45:10 Ye shall have just balances, and a just ephah, and a just bath. 45:11 The ephah and the bath shall be of one measure, that the bath may contain the tenth part of an homer, and the ephah the tenth part of an homer: the measure thereof shall be after the homer. 45:12 And the shekel shall be twenty gerahs: twenty shekels, five and twenty shekels, fifteen shekels, shall be your maneh." (Ezekiel 45:10-12 KJV)

"Ye shall have just balances, and a just ephah, and a just bath"

The bath was used to measure quantities of oil (see The Olive Tree; also Ointment) and wine (see Winepresses), as described in these two examples from the building of the Temple in the time of King Solomon (it has become known as "Solomon's Temple," but it was actually his father King David who had the idea to build it - see God's Tent) and the rebuilding of the Temple in the time of Ezra and Nehemiah.


"2:9 Even to prepare me timber in abundance: for the house which I am about to build shall be wonderful great. 2:10 And, behold, I will give to thy servants [see King Hiram Of Tyre], the hewers that cut timber, twenty thousand measures of beaten wheat, and twenty thousand measures of barley, and twenty thousand baths of wine, and twenty thousand baths of oil." (2 Chronicles 2:9-10 KJV)

"7:21 And I, even I Artaxerxes the king [see Ancient Empires - Persia], do make a decree to all the treasurers which are beyond the river, that whatsoever Ezra the priest, the scribe of the law of the God of heaven, shall require of you, it be done speedily, 7:22 Unto an hundred talents of silver, and to an hundred measures of wheat, and to an hundred baths of wine, and to an hundred baths of oil, and salt without prescribing how much." (Ezra 7:21-22 KJV)

The "Sea" (see also The Pure Sea) was a large (about 4.5 meters / 15 feet in diameter), highly-ornate, water container made by Solomon's craftsmen for the use of the Levites at the Temple. It held "two thousand baths" of water (about 44,000 liters / 9,000 UK gallons / 11,000 US gallons).

"7:23 And he made a molten sea, ten cubits from the one brim to the other: it was round all about, and his height was five cubits: and a line of thirty cubits did compass it round about. 7:24 And under the brim of it round about there were knops compassing it, ten in a cubit, compassing the sea round about: the knops were cast in two rows, when it was cast. 7:25 It stood upon twelve oxen, three looking toward the north, and three looking toward the west, and three looking toward the south, and three looking toward the east: and the sea was set above upon them, and all their hinder parts were inward. 7:26 And it was an hand breadth thick, and the brim thereof was wrought like the brim of a cup, with flowers of lilies: it contained two thousand baths." (1 Kings 7:23-26 KJV)

Fact Finder: What were some of the other weights and measures recorded in Bible History?
See Biblical Weights and Measures and Cubits; also Weight and Mass

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