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Physical Israel originated from "gentiles." Abraham, a key ancestor of Jesus Christ, was born in what is today Iraq (see Israel's Iraqi Roots). Two of the Israelite tribes, Ephraim and Manasseh (see also Why Did Jacob Adopt Ephraim And Manasseh?), originated from an Egyptian, the wife of Joseph. King David, another key ancestor of The Messiah, was descended from Ruth of Moab (see notes for Ruth 1-3 and Ruth 4), in what is today the Kingdom of Jordan. "Israel" isn't merely about physical ancestry; it's about worshipping and obeying the only true God. The same reality applies to spiritual Israel, the "called out ones" - which is the genuine meaning of "church."
"3:26 For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus. 3:27 For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ. 3:28 There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Christ Jesus. 3:29 And if ye be Christ's, then are ye Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise." (Galatians 3:26-29 KJV)
"And a mixed multitude went up also with them"
The Exodus included more than just "Israelites" (keeping in mind that every one of the people of Israel at that time had been born in Egypt after their four centuries there). It included "a mixed multitude" who also turned to the LORD i.e. to Christ (see 'Before Abraham Was, I AM' and 'The God Of The Old Testament').
"12:30 And Pharaoh [see Plagues Of The Pharaohs: Past and Future] rose up in the night, he, and all his servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt; for there was not a house where there was not one dead.
Obedience or disobedience to the LORD knows no physical boundaries of any sort. It wasn't just some of the Israelites who later rebelled in the desert; "the mixed multitude that was among them fell a lusting" also. Those who accept the LORD will be welcomed the same as Israelites; those who rebel will know the LORD's wrath the same as Israelites.
"11:1 And when the people complained, it displeased the LORD: and the LORD heard it; and his anger was kindled; and the fire of the LORD burnt among them, and consumed them that were in the uttermost parts of the camp. 11:2 And the people cried unto Moses; and when Moses prayed unto the LORD, the fire was quenched. 11:3 And he called the name of the place Taberah: because the fire of the LORD burnt among them.
Fact Finder: What was it about Abraham's behavior that made him truly righteous?