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Prime Minister Daniel
The prophet Daniel was among the earlier people of Judah who were taken away to exile in Babylon (see The Southern Kingdom) during the reign of King Jehoiakim of Judah (although Daniel was not yet functioning as a prophet, the prophet Jeremiah certainly was - Jeremiah warned Jehoiakim, and his successors Jehoiachin and Zedekiah, what would happen; see Jeremiah In Court and Jeremiah's Field; also Kings of Israel and Judah).
"1:1 In the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim king of Judah came Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon unto Jerusalem, and besieged it. 1:2 And the Lord gave Jehoiakim king of Judah into his hand, with part of the vessels of the house of God: which he carried into the land of Shinar to the house of his god; and he brought the vessels into the treasure house of his god." (Daniel 1:1-2 KJV)
Daniel was fortunate to be taken earlier. The later event was more of a wrathful slaughter than a capture - because they refused the greater warnings from the LORD.
"36:15 And the LORD God of their fathers [i.e. Jesus Christ - see 'Before Abraham Was, I AM'] sent to them by his messengers, rising up betimes, and sending; because he had compassion on his people, and on his dwelling place: 36:16 But they mocked the messengers of God, and despised his words, and misused his prophets, until the wrath of the LORD arose against his people, till there was no remedy. 36:17 Therefore he brought upon them the king of the Chaldees, who slew their young men with the sword in the house of their sanctuary [see also Raiders Of The Lost Ark], and had no compassion upon young man or maiden, old man, or him that stooped for age: he gave them all into his hand." (2 Chronicles 36:15-17 KJV)
"The king made Daniel a great man ... and made him ruler over the whole province of Babylon and chief of the governors"
With the LORD's help, because he was in the LORD's service, Daniel rose to a position of great influence and power in Babylon. As happened with the patriarch Joseph in Egypt (see The Israelite Patriarchs - Joseph), Daniel went from prisoner to Prime Minister, second only to the king, because of the LORD's having given the king a prophetic dream, that Daniel was then given by the LORD to interpret.
"2:31 Thou, O king, sawest, and behold a great image. This great image, whose brightness was excellent, stood before thee; and the form thereof was terrible. 2:32 This image's head was of fine gold, his breast and his arms of silver, his belly and his thighs of brass, 2:33 His legs of iron, his feet part of iron and part of clay. 2:34 Thou sawest till that a stone was cut out without hands, which smote the image upon his feet that were of iron and clay, and brake them to pieces. 2:35 Then was the iron, the clay, the brass, the silver, and the gold, broken to pieces together, and became like the chaff of the summer threshingfloors; and the wind carried them away, that no place was found for them: and the stone that smote the image became a great mountain, and filled the whole earth.
Nebuchadnezzar knew that Daniel had the power to truly interpret because Nebuchadnezzar hadn't even told Daniel, or anyone else, what the dream was (Daniel 2:5-6). Daniel first told the king what only the king knew, and then the meaning.
"2:46 Then the king Nebuchadnezzar fell upon his face, and worshipped Daniel, and commanded that they should offer an oblation and sweet odours unto him. 2:47 The king answered unto Daniel, and said, Of a truth it is, that your God is a God of gods, and a Lord of kings, and a revealer of secrets, seeing thou couldest reveal this secret.
Fact Finder: How much of the prophetic dream that the LORD gave Daniel to interpret for Nebuchadnezzar has been fulfilled up to now? What part involves the return of Jesus Christ?