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Arks Of The Covenant
The English word "ark" originated from an old Anglo-Saxon word, arc, which was used to refer to a chest or coffer i.e. a container for holding something valuable (coffin, which in medieval times was also called "a dead man's chest," is the same word as coffer).
Two Hebrew words are translated into English as "ark." The first, pronounced tay-bawh, means a box. It was used for Noah's Ark and the ark in which the infant Moses was placed into the Nile River by his mother.
"7:9 There went in two and two unto Noah into the ark, the male and the female, as God had commanded Noah" (Genesis 7:9 KJV)
The other Hebrew word translated as "ark" is pronounced aw-rone. It refers to the Ark of the Covenant that contained the Ten Commandments and Aaron's rod (by no coincidence, the word for the Ark, and the name of "Aaron," have the same root meaning).
"9:4 ... The Ark of The Covenant overlaid round about with gold, wherein was the golden pot that had manna, and Aaron's rod that budded, and the tables of the covenant; 9:5 And over it the cherubims of glory shadowing the mercyseat" (Hebrews 9:4-5 KJV)
The Arks Of The Covenant
All three "arks" in the Holy Scriptures were created to preserve, not just life (hence the reason that an ark can also be a coffin), but righteous life. Notice carefully that, like the later Ark of the Covenant that contained the Ten Commandments, "Noah's ark" also represented a covenant of life i.e. "6:18 But with thee will I establish my covenant; and thou shalt come into the ark."
"6:9 These are the generations of Noah:
The ark in which the infant Moses was placed conveyed the same covenant - it was from Moses' life, that was saved by that ark, that the Covenant was later delivered to Moses on Mount Sinai - that would be placed in the Ark of that time. Moses began and ended his life with arks.
"1:22 And Pharaoh charged all his people, saying, Every son that is born ye shall cast into the river, and every daughter ye shall save alive." (Exodus 1:22 KJV)
The Ark of The Covenant contained the Ten Commandments - the Law by which Judgment unto Salvation or condemnation, will be made (see Works Means Obedience and Jot and Tittle; also When Will You Be Judged?). All three of the arks of Bible History and Prophecy had the single purpose of "in the ark thou shalt put the testimony that I shall give thee."
"25:10 And they shall make an ark of shittim wood: two cubits and a half shall be the length thereof, and a cubit and a half the breadth thereof, and a cubit and a half the height thereof. 25:11 And thou shalt overlay it with pure gold, within and without shalt thou overlay it, and shalt make upon it a crown of gold round about. 25:12 And thou shalt cast four rings of gold for it, and put them in the four corners thereof; and two rings shall be in the one side of it, and two rings in the other side of it. 25:13 And thou shalt make staves of shittim wood, and overlay them with gold. 25:14 And thou shalt put the staves into the rings by the sides of the ark, that the ark may be borne with them [i.e. it could be carried only by specific Levites; see also Raiders Of The Lost Ark]so . 25:15 The staves shall be in the rings of the ark: they shall not be taken from it. 25:16 And thou shalt put into the ark the testimony which I shall give thee.
Fact Finder: (a) Who commanded Noah to build his ark? Who had Moses saved by means of the ark in the Nile River? (b) Who delivered the Ten Commandments to Moses that were placed in the Ark of the Covenant?