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The Aegean Sea is located between Greece to the west and Turkey to the east. It's actually a northern projection of The Mediterranean Sea, with Crete usually regarded as the division between the two areas. To the north, through the Dardanelles, is the Black Sea, the Sea of Marmara and the Bosporus. The Aegean Sea is about 600 kilometers (375 miles) long and 325 kilometers (200 miles) wide, with a total area of approximately 214,000 square kilometers (82,600 square miles).
The Aegean Sea region was the home of a number of the world's earliest civilizations - the Minoan Civilization of Crete, and the great intellectual and military empire of Greece (see Ancient Empires - Greece), and Asia Minor, known today as Turkey, all of which were the scene of much of the earliest growth of Christianity (see the Fact Finder question below). The Aegean's ancient name, Archipelago, now used to refer to its many islands, has also become a geographic term for any grouping of islands.
"In the isle that is called Patmos, for the Word of God, and for the testimony of Jesus Christ"
Numerous events of Bible History occurred on islands of the Aegean Sea. One of the most infamous of them, because of how its name came to be used for the female counterpart of Sodom (see Sodomites), was Lesbos - from which the term lesbian originated. The island of Lesbos is itself not mentioned by name in the Holy Scriptures, but the major city of the island is - Mitylene. The apostle Paul encountered the island (see Paul and The Lesbians) while on a journey across the Aegean (see the Fact Finder question below for maps of all three of Paul's major missionary expeditions).
"20:14 And when he met with us at Assos, we took him in, and came to Mitylene.
The island of Crete was the last land that Paul encountered before being caught in the storm that drove the ship south before the shipwreck on the Mediterranean Sea island of Malta.
"27:7 And when we had sailed slowly many days, and scarce were come over against Cnidus, the wind not suffering us, we sailed under Crete, over against Salmone; 27:8 And, hardly passing it, came unto a place which is called The fair havens; nigh whereunto was the city of Lasea.
Perhaps the most famous Aegean island of all, in matters of the history of Prophecy, is Patmos - an island off the coast of Turkey where the apostle John was exiled by the Romans (see Ancient Empires - Rome), and where the LORD (i.e. Jesus Christ, as plainly stated below; see also Christ The Creator and 'Before Abraham Was, I AM') gave him the contents of what became known as the book of Revelation. John's writing was actually a letter (see The Old Man's Letter), written to "the seven churches" on the nearby mainland of "Asia" i.e. Turkey.
"1:1 The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave unto him, to show unto his servants things which must shortly come to pass; and he sent and signified it by his angel unto his servant John: 1:2 Who bare record of the word of God, and of the testimony of Jesus Christ, and of all things that he saw. 1:3 Blessed is he that readeth, and they that hear the words of this prophecy, and keep those things which are written therein: for the time is at hand.
Fact Finder: Where and when did the apostle Paul travel through the islands of the Aegean Sea?