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Forty Days And Forty Nights
The term "forty days and forty nights" is found in both the "Old" and the "New" Testaments. All have a direct, personal relevance to The Messiah.
The first is found in the time of the Flood: "I will cause it to rain upon the earth forty days and forty nights" (see The Floods Brought By Christ).
"7:1 And the LORD [see 'Before Abraham Was, I AM'] said unto Noah, Come thou and all thy house into the ark; for thee have I seen righteous before me in this generation. 7:2 Of every clean beast thou shalt take to thee by sevens, the male and his female: and of beasts that are not clean by two, the male and his female. 7:3 Of fowls also of the air by sevens, the male and the female; to keep seed alive upon the face of all the earth. 7:4 For yet seven days, and I will cause it to rain upon the earth forty days and forty nights; and every living substance that I have made will I destroy from off the face of the earth.
"Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God"
Moses knew "the LORD God," who was Jesus Christ ("10:2 And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea; 10:3 And did all eat the same spiritual meat; 10:4 And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ" 1 Corinthians 10:2-4 KJV) as personally as any human ever could. Moses was with Christ "forty days and forty nights" on Mount Sinai (see also the Fact Finder question below) when he received the tables of stone, on which Christ wrote the Ten Commandments (see also What Did The Ten Commandments Look Like?).
"9:9 When I was gone up into the mount to receive the tables of stone, even the tables of the covenant which the LORD made with you, then I abode in the mount forty days and forty nights, I neither did eat bread nor drink water: 9:10 And the LORD delivered unto me two tables of stone written with the finger of God; and on them was written according to all the words, which the LORD spake with you in the mount out of the midst of the fire in the day of the assembly.
While Moses was with the LORD during those forty days and forty nights, the people made their infamous golden calf. When Moses came down from the mountain and saw the people running wild, he smashed the tables of stone (he didn't "break the Law," they did). Moses then returned up onto the mountain, for another forty days and forty nights, during which the LORD gave him the second set of the tables of stone (see The Second Tables of Stone).
"9:15 So I turned and came down from the mount, and the mount burned with fire: and the two tables of the covenant were in my two hands. 9:16 And I looked, and, behold, ye had sinned against the LORD your God, and had made you a molten calf: ye had turned aside quickly out of the way which the LORD had commanded you. 9:17 And I took the two tables, and cast them out of my two hands, and brake them before your eyes.
Centuries later, the prophet Elijah (see The Prophets: Elijah) went "forty days and forty nights" to Horeb, which is Mount Sinai (see also Why Did Paul Say That Sinai Was In Arabia?) - the very same mountain that Moses did, perhaps even staying within the very same shelter in the rocks as Moses did.
"19:8 And he arose, and did eat and drink, and went in the strength of that meat forty days and forty nights unto Horeb the mount of God. 19:9 And he came thither unto a cave, and lodged there; and, behold, the word of the LORD came to him, and he said unto him, What doest thou here, Elijah?
Centuries again after Elijah, during part of the "temptation of Christ" (in which Satan attempted to incite the Messiah to violate the Ten Commandments), was "Jesus led up of the Spirit into the wilderness." Does that mean "up" onto Mount Sinai in the "wilderness" of Sinai, as Elijah had done? The Scriptures do not say specifically, but it's very interesting that, while there, if it was Mount Sinai, where the LORD had given the Israelites bread (i.e. manna) at the very same time as the Ten Commandments, that Satan used bread as the bait to violate the Ten Commandments.
The proof of that connection may be obviously found in Christ's answer to the devil, "Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God," which is a direct quote, from the time of Moses on Mount Sinai, referring to manna i.e. "8:3 And he humbled thee, and suffered thee to hunger, and fed thee with manna, which thou knewest not, neither did thy fathers know; that he might make thee know that man doth not live by bread only, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of the LORD doth man live" (Deuteronomy 8:3 KJV). The Forty Day Fasts of Moses, Elijah and Jesus Christ were about the same lesson, from the same place.
"4:1 Then was Jesus led up of the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted of the devil. 4:2 And when he had fasted forty days and forty nights, he was afterward an hungered. 4:3 And when the tempter came to him, he said, If thou be the Son of God, command that these stones be made bread.