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Naioth In Ramah

Ramah, from the Hebrew word pronounced raw-maw, was a city about 5 miles north of Jerusalem (there were also at least 5 other cities throughout the land of Israel with the same name) that was the birthplace, home and burial place of the prophet Samuel (see the Fact Finder question below).

"1:19 And they rose up in the morning early, and worshipped before the LORD [see 'The God Of The Old Testament' and 'Before Abraham Was, I AM'; also YHVH, Adonai, Jehovah, LORD and Did Abraham, Isaac and Jacob Know 'The LORD'?], and returned, and came to their house to Ramah: and Elkanah knew Hannah his wife; and the LORD remembered her. 1:20 Wherefore it came to pass, when the time was come about after Hannah had conceived, that she bare a son, and called his name Samuel, saying, Because I have asked him of the LORD." (1 Samuel 1:19-20 KJV)

"7:15 And Samuel judged Israel all the days of his life. 7:16 And he went from year to year in circuit to Bethel, and Gilgal, and Mizpeh, and judged Israel in all those places. 7:17 And his return was to Ramah; for there was his house; and there he judged Israel; and there he built an altar unto the LORD." (1 Samuel 7:15-17 KJV)

"25:1 And Samuel died [see The Sleep Of Death; also Those Who Won't Sleep]; and all the Israelites were gathered together, and lamented him, and buried him in his house at Ramah" (1 Samuel 25:1 KJV)

"He went thither to Naioth in Ramah: and the spirit of God was upon him also"

When Saul had proven himself unworthy to continue as Israel's king (see Israelite Monarchy - The Origin), the LORD sent Samuel from Ramah down to Bethlehem to anoint David, a son of Jesse, as the one who would replace Saul. Samuel then returned home to Ramah.

Ramah

"16:1 And the LORD said unto Samuel, How long wilt thou mourn for Saul, seeing I have rejected him from reigning over Israel? fill thine horn with oil, and go, I will send thee to Jesse the Bethlehemite: for I have provided me a king among his sons." (1 Samuel 16:1 KJV)

"16:4 And Samuel did that which the LORD spake, and came to Bethlehem." (1 Samuel 16:4 KJV)

"16:13 Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the midst of his brethren: and the spirit of the LORD came upon David from that day forward. So Samuel rose up, and went to Ramah." (1 Samuel 16:13 KJV)

Naioth, from the Hebrew word pronounced naw-veeth, meaning dwelling, or residence, was the name given to the place where Samuel established a gathering of prophets in Ramah. When Saul discovered that David had been appointed to replace him, he sought to kill David, thereby sowing the seeds of The Civil War that would follow. At first however, David fled to Ramah (David was already battle smart; he chose when and how he would attack, not merely stand and defend on the enemy's terms and turf), to Samuel who had appointed him at the command of the LORD.

"19:18 So David fled, and escaped, and came to Samuel to Ramah, and told him all that Saul had done to him. And he and Samuel went and dwelt in Naioth." (1 Samuel 19:18 KJV)

The school (or "company" or "college" as it is variously rendered) of prophets were not merely students of Samuel; they were, like Samuel, filled with, and spoke by, the Holy Spirit of God (true prophets are not prophets of themselves i.e. "1:20 Knowing this first, that no Prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation. 1:21 For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost" 2 Peter 1:20-21 KJV). The Holy Spirit was very strong in Naioth - it also sometimes filled those who were merely visiting or passing by i.e. "the Spirit of God was upon the messengers of Saul, and they also prophesied."

"19:19 And it was told Saul, saying, Behold, David is at Naioth in Ramah.

19:20 And Saul sent messengers to take David: and when they saw the company of the prophets prophesying, and Samuel standing as appointed over them, the spirit of God was upon the messengers of Saul, and they also prophesied." (1 Samuel 19:19-20 KJV)

Saul then sent others, but they too were filled with the Spirit of God. Even Saul, when he approached Naioth, "the spirit of God was upon him also, and he went on, and prophesied, until he came to Naioth in Ramah."

"19:21 And when it was told Saul, he sent other messengers, and they prophesied likewise. And Saul sent messengers again the third time, and they prophesied also.

19:22 Then went he also to Ramah, and came to a great well that is in Sechu: and he asked and said, Where are Samuel and David? And one said, Behold, they be at Naioth in Ramah.

19:23 And he went thither to Naioth in Ramah: and the spirit of God was upon him also, and he went on, and prophesied, until he came to Naioth in Ramah.

19:24 And he stripped off his clothes also, and prophesied before Samuel in like manner, and lay down naked all that day and all that night.

Wherefore they say, Is Saul also among the prophets?" (1 Samuel 19:21-24 KJV)

Fact Finder: How was Samuel unique among the prophets? Was he both a "judge" and a "prophet" of Israel?
See The Prophets: Samuel


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