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Menahem Of Israel

Menahem, from the Hebrew name pronounced men-awk-aim, was the assassin, and the successor, of Shallum as king of the northern kingdom of "Israel" (i.e. the northern ten tribes - see The Division Of Israel and the Fact Finder question below).

"15:13 Shallum [see Shallum Of Israel] the son of Jabesh began to reign in the nine and thirtieth year of Uzziah king of Judah [see Uzziah / Azariah Of Judah]; and he reigned a full month in Samaria.

15:14 For Menahem the son of Gadi went up from Tirzah [see The Kings Of Tirzah], and came to Samaria [see also Baal's Samaria], and smote Shallum the son of Jabesh in Samaria, and slew him, and reigned in his stead.

15:15 And the rest of the acts of Shallum, and his conspiracy which he made, behold, they are written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel [see Kings of Israel and Judah and Israelite Dynasties]. 15:16 Then Menahem smote Tiphsah, and all that were therein, and the coasts thereof from Tirzah: because they opened not to him, therefore he smote it; and all the women therein that were with child he ripped up." (2 Kings 15:13-16 KJV)

"He did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD"

As was the custom, the reign of a king of Israel or Judah was stated chronologically in reference to the reigning king in the other kingdom i.e. Menahem of Israel began to reign "in the nine and thirtieth year of Azariah king of Judah." Menahem held the throne of the northern ten tribes for ten years.

Israel and Judah

"15:17 In the nine and thirtieth year of Azariah king of Judah began Menahem the son of Gadi to reign over Israel, and reigned ten years in Samaria." (2 Kings 15:17 KJV)

Like so many other kings before and after him, in both Israel and Judah (the reason that the LORD had both kingdoms destroyed - see the Fact Finder question below), Menahem "did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD."

"15:18 And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD [i.e. in the sight of Jesus Christ; see 'The God Of The Old Testament' and 'Before Abraham Was, I AM'; also Christ The Creator]: he departed not all his days from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin." (2 Kings 15:18 KJV)

During the reign of Menahem, Pul, king of Assyria, threatened Israel, but was (temporarily) bought off by Menahem.

"15:19 And Pul the king of Assyria came against the land: and Menahem gave Pul a thousand talents of silver, that his hand might be with him to confirm the kingdom in his hand.

15:20 And Menahem exacted the money of Israel, even of all the mighty men of wealth, of each man fifty shekels of silver, to give to the king of Assyria. So the king of Assyria turned back, and stayed not there in the land." (2 Kings 15:19-20 KJV)

Pul of Assyria nevertheless took the Israelite territory, and the Israelites themselves, east of the Jordan River (see the map) i.e. "he carried them away, even the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh."

"5:25 And they transgressed against the God of their fathers, and went a whoring after the gods of the people of the land, whom God destroyed before them.

5:26 And the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul king of Assyria, and the spirit of Tilgathpilneser king of Assyria, and he carried them away, even the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh, and brought them unto Halah, and Habor, and Hara, and to the river Gozan, unto this day." (1 Chronicles 5:25-26 KJV)

Menahem's brutal ("Menahem smote Tiphsah, and all that were therein, and the coasts thereof from Tirzah: because they opened not to him, therefore he smote it; and all the women therein that were with child he ripped up") and corrupt ("he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD") reign ended with his death, apparently from natural causes, upon which his son Pekahiah succeeded him.

"15:21 And the rest of the acts of Menahem, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?

15:22 And Menahem slept with his fathers; and Pekahiah his son reigned in his stead." (2 Kings 15:21-22 KJV)

Fact Finder: When did the history of (a) Israel and (b) Judah divide? (c) When will Israel and Judah be re-united? (d) Who will be the King of the Earth then? (e) Who will be the king of Israel (Israel and Judah) then?
(a) See Israelite Monarchy - The Northern Kingdom, Ancient Empires - Assyria and The Galilee Captivity
(b) See Israelite Monarchy - The Southern Kingdom, Ancient Empires - Babylon, Jeremiah's Field, Ezra and Nehemiah
(c) See The Gathering of Israel and Judah
(d) See Israelite Monarchy - The Messiah and The Coming World Dictator
(e) See David, Future King Of Israel


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