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Tuesday, May 10 2011
The Son's Burden Prophecy
The English word "colt" originated from an old Anglo-Saxon word, by the same spelling, that was used to refer to a young donkey, horse or camel - most commonly, the male (females are referred to as a filly, a form of foal, which itself referred to a young animal, male or female). According to the WordWeb Dictionary by Princeton University, a "colt" is "a young male horse under the age of four," a "filly" is "a young female horse under the age of four" and a "foal" is "a young horse" (the verb form of "foal" is "a mare giving birth to a foal").
The King James Version uses the single word "colt" to translate two very different Hebrew words that provide a far greater prophetic understanding than the simple word "colt" itself.
The first, pronounced bane (usually rendered into English as "ben"), is found over 4,700 times in the Hebrew Scriptures. The word literally means son or children - hence the reason that it is translated nearly 3,000 times as "son" and 1,500 times as "children." The same word is also used to refer to the young of animals - hence the reason that it is translated (only twice) as "colt." Examples of the same Hebrew word translated in those three ways (chosen according to the first time that they are found in the Scriptures):
"3:16 Unto the woman he said, I will greatly multiply thy sorrow and thy conception; in sorrow thou shalt bring forth children [i.e. bane]; and thy desire shall be to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee." (Genesis 3:16 KJV)
The other word that is translated as "colt" is the Hebrew word pronounced awh-yeer. While it literally means bearing a burden, it was used to refer to a young donkey that was used to carry loads, whether cargo, or riders. It is found only 8 times in the Hebrew Scriptures. An example:
"12:14 And he had forty sons and thirty nephews, that rode on threescore and ten ass colts: and he judged Israel eight years." (Judges 12:14 KJV)
"Thy King cometh unto thee: He is just, and having salvation; lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass"
The Messiah's famous "triumphal entry" into Jerusalem, riding a colt, is a self-stated fulfillment of a Prophecy made in Zechariah (both of which are shown below). That fulfillment used the "colt" word meaning to carry a burden, as explained above. There was an earlier Messianic prophecy of the same triumphal entry, but it uses the other word, that although translated as "colt" in the verses below, means son (as explained above). Both prophecies describe the same thing (hence the reason they were translated as "colt"), but using two different actual Hebrew words that together literally mean the son's burden - the very meaning of Saviour and Messiah.
"49:8 Judah, thou art he whom thy brethren shall praise: thy hand shall be in the neck of thine enemies; thy father's children shall bow down before thee.
The other part of the prophecy, from Zechariah (see also The Prophets: Zechariah):
"9:9 Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold, thy King cometh unto thee: he is just, and having salvation; lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass." (Zechariah 9:9 KJV)
While the New Testament records the fulfillment of that Hebrew word as stated in Zechariah, since the New Testament was written mostly in Greek (see also Translation Of Translations), it uses the Greek word, pronounced polos (from which the English term "polo pony" and game of "polo" originated) which means a colt. The son carries the burden was the symbolic meaning of the riding of that donkey into "zion" (see the Fact Finder question below).
"21:1 And when they drew nigh unto Jerusalem, and were come to Bethphage, unto the mount of Olives, then sent Jesus two disciples, 21:2 Saying unto them, Go into the village over against you, and straightway ye shall find an ass tied, and a colt with her: loose them, and bring them unto me. 21:3 And if any man say ought unto you, ye shall say, The Lord hath need of them; and straightway he will send them.
Fact Finder: Just like everything else that the Christ said and did, and will say and do (see The By-The-Book Messiah), what is He going to do when He rules from Zion?
This Day In History, May 10
1285: King Philip III of Spain was succeeded by Philip IV.
1307: Robert the Bruce, Scottish king fought an English attacking force of cavalry under Aylmer de Valence at the battle of Louden Hill in Ayrshire.
1503: Christopher Columbus discovered the Cayman Islands.
1655: Jamaica was taken by the British after being held by the Spanish for over 160 years.
1774: King Louis XV of France died of smallpox. He became king at the age of five on the death of his great-grandfather, Louis XIV.
1794: Elizabeth, the sister of French King Louis XVI, was beheaded.
1796: Napoleon's Army of Italy defeated the Austrians under Baron Beaulieu at the Battle of Lodi, southeast of Milan. Over 2,000 Austrians were killed or wounded.
1798: British explorer George Vancouver died. He sailed with Captain James Cook to Australia and New Zealand and to the west coast of North America where Vancouver Island and Vancouver B.C. are named after him.
1857: The Seepoys of India revolted against the British rule.
1865: Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederacy during the U.S. Civil War, was captured by Union forces.
1871: France and Germany signed a peace treaty in Frankfurt by which France ceded Alsace-Lorraine.
1881: King Carol I, Romania's first king, was crowned ("Carol" and "Carolus" are the Latin basis of what later became the name Germanic and English name Charles).
1933: Nazis in Berlin burned books by Jewish authors, including those by Sigmund Freud and Albert Einstein (see also Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).
1940: Germany invaded Belgium and the Netherlands. Neville Chamberlain resigned as British Prime Minister; Winston Churchill, then first lord of the Admiralty, formed a coalition government with Conservative, Liberal and Labour members.
1941: Nazi government member Rudolf Hess flew a Messerschmitt fighter from Augsburg, Germany and parachuted out near Glasgow, Scotland, with his unauthorized "offer of peace" with Britain. He was imprisoned for the rest of his life.
1994: Nelson Mandela was sworn in as South Africa's first black President.
2005: In Tbilisi, Georgia (one of the fifteen former republics of the Soviet Union), a hand grenade thrown at visiting U.S. President George W. Bush landed a few feet from him - but the old Russian-made RGD-5 grenade failed to detonate. The attempted assassin, Vladimir Arutyunian, an Armenian who was born in Georgia, was convicted and sentenced to life in prison.