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Friday, June 10 2011
The Sun In History And Prophecy
The English word "sun" originated from an old Anglo-Saxon (the Anglos were a tribe of the Saxons, an ancient people of Germany - the reason that English speakers find it relatively easy to learn German is because both originated from a single language) word, sunne, which meant brilliant. It was a natural word to use for the nearest star to the earth.
"Sun" is used to translate the Hebrew word pronounced sheh-mesh, which also means brilliant. It too was a natural word for the nearby star that is not only seen in the daytime sky, but produces the daytime sky. The Hebrew word also came to be used for east, in referring to the direction that the sun "rises" (a powerful illusion that humans did not realize until just a few centuries ago - "sunrise" is actually caused by the earth turning).
In the New Testament, "sun" is used to translate the Greek word, hay-lee-os, which refers to the sun (the word halo originated from that same word - an obvious clue to the reality that the "halo" is actually just a pagan form of sun worship - see the illustration below and Why Observe The True Sabbath?).
The creation of the "sun" enabled the physical "Let there be light: and there was light." The beginning and end of days, from sunset to sunset, was also declared by the LORD at that time (see Christ The Creator).
"1:1 In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.
The calendar that the LORD also created at that time was based upon the natural movements of the sun (for days) and moon (for months - keeping in mind that phases of the moon are produced by the light of the sun). Some have incorrectly assumed that the LORD merely accepted whatever time of the earth's rotation and moon's orbit happened to be, and set the day and month from that, but the LORD actually "appointed" the moon's orbit and set the time of the earth's rotation - hence why "the sun knoweth his going down." By obeying the Creator's Laws of physics (e.g. the given mass of an object, and the orbital period and distance, are directly related and calculable - laws of physics named after scientists such as Kepler and Newton are actually The Creator's Laws of physics), the sun and moon are obedient to the LORD, hence why non-living, geological objects can and do "Praise ye him, sun and moon."
"104:19 He appointed the moon for seasons: the sun knoweth his going down." (Psalm 104:19 KJV)
Scientists came to understand photosynthesis only a few centuries ago; the Holy Bible stated it from the beginning i.e. "fruits brought forth by the sun" and "tender grass springing out of the earth by clear shining."
"33:14 And for the precious fruits brought forth by the sun" (Deuteronomy 33:14 KJV)
"And God said, Let there be light: and there was light"
For the ancient Israelites, the sun gave them heat, food and direction (one needs only a clear sky, not a compass, day or night, to determine direction from the sun or other stars). The Tabernacle and the Temple both faced east, not only for a practical morning warmth to the entrance purpose (the same reason to point your bird houses to the east), but also for a prophetic reason (see Why Did They Face East?).
"2:1 And the LORD [see 'Before Abraham Was, I AM'] spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, saying, 2:2 Every man of the children of Israel shall pitch by his own standard, with the ensign of their father's house: far off about the tabernacle of the congregation shall they pitch.
The LORD warned His people very early to not make the sun into a heathen object for themselves. Notice that the warning against sun worship was included with the warning to not make idols - the two major abominations of the Church of Rome today.
"4:14 And the LORD commanded me at that time to teach you statutes and judgments, that ye might do them in the land whither ye go over to possess it.
The ancient Israelites nevertheless ignored God's Word and made for themselves a sun idol in their place of worship - just as the Christian-professing world does today with their "sun day" in their places of worship.
"8:16 And he brought me into the inner court of the LORD house, and, behold, at the door of the temple of the LORD, between the porch and the altar, were about five and twenty men, with their backs toward the temple of the LORD, and their faces toward the east; and they worshipped the sun toward the east.
As written by a number of prophets, the sun-worshipping world at the time just prior to Christ's return will see great signs in the heavens, including "the sun shall be darkened" (see the Fact Finder question below). Christ Himself warned of the same events in His Olivet Prophecy (see Instructions To The End-Time Church).
"13:9 Behold, the day of the LORD cometh, cruel both with wrath and fierce anger, to lay the land desolate: and he shall destroy the sinners thereof out of it. 13:10 For the stars of heaven and the constellations thereof shall not give their light: the sun shall be darkened in his going forth, and the moon shall not cause her light to shine. 13:11 And I will punish the world for their evil, and the wicked for their iniquity; and I will cause the arrogancy of the proud to cease, and will lay low the haughtiness of the terrible." (Isaiah 13:9-11 KJV)
But notice also that after the darkness will come a greater light of the sun.
"30:26 Moreover the light of the moon shall be as the light of the sun, and the light of the sun shall be sevenfold, as the light of seven days, in the day that the LORD bindeth up the breach of his people, and healeth the stroke of their wound." (Isaiah 30:26 KJV)
The sun was darkened for about three hours at the time of the Crucifixion of the Messiah. Some have incorrectly presumed that to have been an eclipse of the sun, however solar eclipses last minutes, not hours, and solar eclipses can only occur at the time of the new moon, when the moon is between the earth and the sun - Passover, when Christ was Crucified, occurs in the middle of the lunar month, at the time of full moon. The darkening was likely caused by very dense cloud cover that The Father miraculously produced for the world's "darkest," and yet thereafter most-glorious moment.
"23:44 And it was about the sixth hour [i.e. the sixth hour of daylight, about noon; see Hours Of The Day], and there was a darkness over all the earth until the ninth hour [i.e. about 3 pm]. 23:45 And the sun was darkened, and the veil of the temple was rent in the midst. 23:46 And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, he said, Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit: and having said thus, he gave up the ghost." (Luke 23:44-46 KJV)
The Kingdom of God on earth will not require the sun for light, "for the glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb is the light thereof" (see What Will Heaven Be Like?).
"21:21 And the twelve gates were twelve pearls: every several gate was of one pearl: and the street of the city was pure gold, as it were transparent glass. 21:22 And I saw no temple therein: for the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are the temple of it. 21:23 And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb is the light thereof. 21:24 And the nations of them which are saved shall walk in the light of it: and the kings of the earth do bring their glory and honour into it. 21:25 And the gates of it shall not be shut at all by day: for there shall be no night there." (Revelation 21:21-25 KJV)
Fact Finder: What does the Bible say is going to cause "the sun shall be darkened in his going forth, and the moon shall not cause her light to shine"?
This Day In History, June 10
323 BC: Alexander the Great, Macedonian king, died at age 33 (see Alexander The Great In Prophecy).
1190: During the Third Crusade, Frederick I Barbarossa drowned in the Saleph River while leading his army to Jerusalem.
1285: King Philip III of Spain was succeeded by Philip IV.
1307: Robert the Bruce, Scottish king fought an English attacking force of cavalry under Aylmer de Valence at the battle of Louden Hill in Ayrshire.
1503: Christopher Columbus discovered the Cayman Islands.
1610: The first Dutch settlers arrived on the wilderness island that is known today as Manhattan.
1655: Jamaica was taken by the British after being held by the Spanish for 161 years.
1692: During the Salem, Massachusetts witch trials, Bridget Bishop was hanged at Gallows Hill for "certain Detestable Arts called Witchcraft & Sorceries."
1774: King Louis XV of France died of smallpox. He became king at the age of five on the death of his great-grandfather, Louis XIV.
1791: The British Parliament passed the Constitutional Act following the arrival in Canada of 10,000 more Loyalist refugees from the revolution of the New England colonies. The Act divided Canada into 2 provinces, Upper Canada with a capital at Newark (Niagara-on-the-lake, Ontario) and Lower Canada with a capital at Quebec City ("Upper" and "Lower" Canada were geographic terms simply based on the flow of the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River toward the Atlantic Ocean).
1794: Elizabeth, the sister of French King Louis XVI, was beheaded.
1796: Napoleon's Army of Italy defeated the Austrians under Baron Beaulieu at the Battle of Lodi, southeast of Milan. Over 2,000 Austrians were killed or wounded.
1798: British explorer George Vancouver died. He sailed with Captain James Cook to Australia and New Zealand and to the west coast of North America where Vancouver Island and Vancouver B.C. are named after him.
1809: Pope Pius VII excommunicated Napoleon for his decree to annex the Papal States as part of the French Empire.
1857: The Seepoys of India revolted against the British rule.
1871: France and Germany signed a peace treaty in Frankfurt by which France ceded Alsace-Lorraine.
1898: During the Spanish-U.S. War, U.S. Marines invaded Cuba.
1933: Nazis in Berlin burned books by Jewish authors, including those by Sigmund Freud and Albert Einstein (see also Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).
1940: Winston Churchill took over as British Prime Minister after the resignation of Neville Chamberlain.
1940: Germany invaded Luxembourg, the Netherlands and Belgium.
1941: Nazi government member Rudolf Hess flew a Messerschmitt fighter from Augsburg, Germany and parachuted out near Glasgow, Scotland, with his unauthorized "offer of peace" with Britain. He was imprisoned for the rest of his life.
1967: Day 6 of the "6 Day War." At the end of the conflict, Israeli casualties: 759 killed, about 1,500 wounded, 40 aircraft, 80 tanks. Arab casualties: 30,000 killed and wounded, over 450 aircraft, 1,000 tanks destroyed or captured. Within the newly captured territories, Israel also found itself with over 1,000,000 new Arab "subjects": 670,000 in the West Bank and Jerusalem, 356,000 in the Gaza Strip, 33,000 in Sinai, and 6,000 in the Golan Heights.
1989: The official opening of Skydome in Toronto.
2002: The first direct electronic communication experiment between the nervous systems of two humans was accomplished, in the United Kingdom.