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Friday, August 5 2011
The Exodus Into Egypt
The account of Jacob / Israel's son Joseph being hated and sold away to Egypt by his jealous brothers (see Jacob's Family), who then brought great grief upon their father by telling him that Joseph had been killed by a wild animal, is one of the most well-known events of Bible History.
"37:23 And it came to pass, when Joseph was come unto his brethren, that they stripped Joseph out of his coat, his coat of many colours that was on him; 37:24 And they took him, and cast him into a pit: and the pit was empty, there was no water in it.
But the LORD (see 'Before Abraham Was, I AM') had a purpose for Joseph in Egypt. With miraculous help, Joseph became the ruler of Egypt, second only to the Pharaoh (i.e. Joseph was the Prime Minister and the Pharaoh was the king).
"41:38 And Pharaoh said unto his servants, Can we find such a one as this is, a man in whom the Spirit of God is?
"For God did send me before you to preserve life"
Exactly as the LORD had revealed to Joseph, the famine struck: "the famine was over all the face of the earth."
"41:53 And the seven years of plenteousness, that was in the land of Egypt, were ended. 41:54 And the seven years of dearth began to come, according as Joseph had said: and the dearth was in all lands; but in all the land of Egypt there was bread. 41:55 And when all the land of Egypt was famished, the people cried to Pharaoh for bread: and Pharaoh said unto all the Egyptians, Go unto Joseph; what he saith to you, do.
The seriousness of the famine was expressed by Jacob, "I have heard that there is corn in Egypt: get you down thither, and buy for us from thence; that we may live, and not die" ("corn" is the King James Version word for grain, not "corn" as maize is called in North America). Israel's only hope for survival was to be found in Egypt.
"42:1 Now when Jacob saw that there was corn in Egypt, Jacob said unto his sons, Why do ye look one upon another? 42:2 And he said, Behold, I have heard that there is corn in Egypt: get you down thither, and buy for us from thence; that we may live, and not die." (Genesis 42:1-2 KJV)
After Joseph's brothers made repeated trips to Egypt to buy food, in which they did not recognize Joseph, but he recognized them, Joseph made himself known. While Joseph then had the power have them all executed for their treachery, Joseph welcomed them with love because his God-given wisdom enabled him to understand that his ordeal would save many lives in many nations - "for God did send me before you to preserve life."
"45:1 Then Joseph could not refrain himself before all them that stood by him; and he cried, Cause every man to go out from me. And there stood no man with him, while Joseph made himself known unto his brethren. 45:2 And he wept aloud: and the Egyptians and the house of Pharaoh heard.
Jacob himself went to Egypt where he lived the rest of his life as the father of the Prime Minister of Egypt. The Israelite Exodus into Egypt was a deliverance from death by starvation. When Jacob died of old age, his body was taken back for burial at Hebron, in the same tomb that his grandfather Abraham and his father Isaac were already buried. The Israelites themselves remained in Egypt, as they would for over 400 years.
"50:12 And his sons did unto him according as he commanded them: 50:13 For his sons carried him into the land of Canaan, and buried him in the cave of the field of Machpelah, which Abraham bought with the field for a possession of a buryingplace of Ephron the Hittite, before Mamre. 50:14 And Joseph returned into Egypt, he, and his brethren, and all that went up with him to bury his father, after he had buried his father.
Fact Finder: Did Abraham, before his descendants who became the Israelites were ever born, himself go to Egypt to escape a famine in the land of Canaan? (b) Did the LORD make Abraham aware of the Israelite Exodus out of Egypt, after they had been there for over 400 years, centuries before it happened?
This Day In History, August 5
642: The Battle of Maserfield was fought between the forces of Penda of Mercia and Oswald of Northumbria.
910: The Battle of Tettenhall. Forces of Mercia and Wessex, under King Edward the Elder and Earl Aethelred of Mercia, ended further Danish attacks on England.
1100: Henry I was crowned in Westminster Abbey.
1305: William Wallace, Scottish hero and champion of Scottish independence who beat Edward I at the battle of Stirling Bridge, was captured by the English and later executed.
1456: With Halley's Comet overhead, 40,000 Church of Rome (listen to our Sermon Constantine's Papacy) troops battled at Belgrade, a city besieged by the Turks (listen to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire).
1529: The Treaty of Cambrai was signed by Francis I of France and Holy Roman Emperor Charles V (see The Holy Roman Empire). Francis renounced his claim to Italy and Charles renounced his claims to Burgundy.
1583: Sir Humphrey Gilbert founded the first English colony in North America, at what is today St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada.
1620: Nearly 40 years after the first English settlement in North America was established, in Newfoundland (see entry for 1583 above), the Mayflower sailed from Southampton, England on its first attempt to reach North America.
1689: Iroquois warriors attacked the settlement of Lachine, just west of Montreal, killed about 200 settlers and took 100 others as prisoners. The attack was seen as retaliation for an event 2 years before when 50 Iroquois were sent to France as galley slaves.
1716: In a devastating defeat, Prince Eugene of Savoy with a force of 40,000 Austrians defeated 150,000 Turks under Darnad Ali Pasha at the battle of Peterwardein. Over 30,000 Turks were killed.
1762: Russia, Prussia and Austria signed a treaty agreeing on the partition of Poland.
1850: The Australian Government Act granted representative governments to South Australia, Tasmania and Victoria.
1858: The first trans-Atlantic cable was completed, enabling telegraphic communication between Britain and the U.S. The service was ended on September 1 because the current was too weak.
1963: The Nuclear Test Ban Treaty was signed. It disallowed testing in the atmosphere, in outer space, and underwater; however, since the U.S. and Soviets wanted to develop their weapons of mass destruction further, underground testing was allowed under the treaty. France and China did not sign the treaty, and continued testing in the atmosphere.
1974: With no longer deniable criminal evidence mounting against him, U.S. President Richard Nixon admitted that he had lied and withheld information (including in nationally-televised Presidential addresses) about the Watergate burglary and subsequent obstruction of justice cover-up. He announced his resignation three days later. His successor, Gerald Ford (the only man to hold the office of Vice President, and then President, without ever having been elected to either office i.e. Ford was appointed Vice President when Vice President Spiro Agnew resigned when he was convicted of tax evasion), pardoned Nixon before he could be prosecuted and sent to prison (a number of top level members of the Nixon regime did go to prison, including White House chief of staff H.R. Haldeman and U.S. Attorney General John Mitchell).
1989: The Sandinista Front on a majority in general elections in Nicaragua.
2010: 33 Chilean miners were trapped 2,300 feet below ground at the Copiapo mine. They were rescued 69 days later.