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Friday, March 9 2012

Times And Seasons

The English word "time" originated from the same Anglo-Saxon root word as the English word "tide" ("the periodic rise and fall of the sea level under the gravitational pull of the moon"). Considering the "sea" in season, one might wonder if that word had the same or related meaning as time / tide, but "season" actually originated from a different word, the Old English word seson, which meant the time to sow.

The single English word "time" (or "times" in plural) is used to translate a number of different Hebrew and Greek words of the Holy Scriptures. As is often the case, translations commonly use a "one size fits all" (or "one meaning fits all") word for a surprising number of words that were originally written with an also-surprising variety of literal meanings.

The Sower By The Sea A few examples of Hebrew words translated as "time" or "times":

  • the Hebrew word pronounced yome, which means to be warm, used to refer to the time between sunrise and sunset

  • the Hebrew word pronounced ayth, which means now or when

  • the Hebrew word pronounced paw-am-aw, which means to strike, as in a musical beat

  • the Hebrew word pronounced tekh-il-law, which means to begin

  • the Hebrew word pronounced mow-ad-dawh, which means appointment or a decided time

  • the Hebrew word pronounced id-dawn, which means an appointed length of time

  • the Hebrew word pronounced zem-mawn, which means a set length of duration

A few examples of Greek words translated as "time" or "times":

  • the Greek word pronounced ep-pee, which means an epoch, or an era with distinctive character

  • the Greek word pronounced chronos (from which the English word chronology originated), which means the order or arrangement of events

  • the Greek word pronounced may-pot-eh, which means not ever

  • the Greek word pronounced tote-eh, which means then, or at that time

  • the Greek word pronounced ar-khah-yos (from which the English words archaic and archaeology originated), which means original or having existed from the beginning

  • the Greek word pronounced kairos, which means the proper time

  • the Greek word pronounced ek-pal-ahee, which means long ago, or for a long time

As is the case with "time," the single English word "season" (or "seasons" in plural) is used to translate numerous Hebrew and Greek words of the Holy Scriptures.

The Harvest Season A few examples of Hebrew words translated as "season" or "seasons":

  • the Hebrew word pronounced yome, which means which means to be warm, used to refer to the time between sunrise and sunset (as above), but was also used for the time between spring and autumn i.e. plants grow in the daytime and from spring to autumn

  • the Hebrew word pronounced mow-ad-dawh, which means appointment or a decided time (as above), while the length of the "season," the "time" for doing something, varied

  • the Hebrew word pronounced maw-lawkh, which means to wear away (the English use of "seasonings" is, apparently coincidentally, based on the same meaning as that Hebrew word - to grind (e.g. ground pepper)

  • the Hebrew word pronounced ayth, which means now or when (as above), but was used to refer to short "times" or long "seasons"

A few examples of Greek words translated as "season" or "seasons":

  • the Greek word pronounced kah-hee-ros, which means the proper time

  • the Greek word pronounced ar-too-oh, which means to prepare or mature

  • the Greek word pronounced hora, which means a defined time, in length or character, or both

  • the Greek word pronounced chronos (from which the English word chronology originated), which means the order or arrangement of events (as above), but varying in duration

  • the Greek word pronounced yoo-kahee-ros, which means convenient timing

  • the Greek word pronounced ak-ah-ee-roce, which means out of season ("born out of due season")

King Solomon, while he had his great wisdom (ironically, in his case, there was "a time to be wise, and a time to be a fool"; see A History Of Jerusalem: The Glory Of Solomon) summed up the nature of physical life with his famous "To every thing there is a season, and a time to every purpose under the heaven."

"3:1 To every thing there is a season, and a time to every purpose under the heaven:
3:2 A time to be born, and a time to die;
a time to plant, and a time to pluck up that which is planted;
3:3 A time to kill, and a time to heal;
a time to break down, and a time to build up;
3:4 A time to weep, and a time to laugh;
a time to mourn, and a time to dance;
3:5 A time to cast away stones, and a time to gather stones together;
a time to embrace, and a time to refrain from embracing;
3:6 A time to get, and a time to lose;
a time to keep, and a time to cast away;
3:7 A time to rend, and a time to sew;
a time to keep silence, and a time to speak;
3:8 A time to love, and a time to hate;
a time of war, and a time of peace." (Ecclesiastes 3:1-8 KJV)

"To every thing there is a season, and a time to every purpose under the heaven"

"Time" and "season" are used in two different ways in the Holy Bible, but they are similar in that both involve birth, physical or spiritual, with the due time determined by the LORD. Sarai (later renamed by the LORD as Sarah) knew that the LORD had delayed the "season" of her having children ("16:2 And Sarai said unto Abram, Behold now, the LORD hath restrained me from bearing" Genesis 16:2 KJV) to the point that she thought that she would never have children, but as she discovered, according to God's purpose, "Is any thing too hard for the LORD? At the time appointed I will return unto thee, according to the time of life, and Sarah shall have a son."

Abram and Sarai

"18:9 And they said unto him, Where is Sarah thy wife?

And he said, Behold, in the tent.

18:10 And he said, I will certainly return unto thee according to the time of life; and, lo, Sarah thy wife shall have a son.

And Sarah heard it in the tent door, which was behind him.

18:11 Now Abraham and Sarah were old and well stricken in age; and it ceased to be with Sarah after the manner of women. 18:12 Therefore Sarah laughed within herself, saying, After I am waxed old shall I have pleasure, my lord being old also?

18:13 And the LORD said unto Abraham, Wherefore did Sarah laugh, saying, Shall I of a surety bear a child, which am old? 18:14 Is any thing too hard for the LORD? At the time appointed I will return unto thee, according to the time of life, and Sarah shall have a son." (Genesis 18:9-14 KJV)

There were actually a number of such incidents recorded in the Scriptures. A lesser known occurrence was with a faithful woman who assisted the prophet Elijah (whose name and purpose were later used generically for John the Baptist, "the Elijah to come" Matthew 11:12-14 KJV). While "verily she hath no child, and her husband is old," "the woman conceived, and bare a son at that season that Elisha had said unto her, according to the time of life." It wasn't just a matter that her husband was old - they had no children when they were young either. It was a miraculously-enabled natural conception.

"4:8 And it fell on a day, that Elisha passed to Shunem, where was a great woman; and she constrained him to eat bread. And so it was, that as oft as he passed by, he turned in thither to eat bread. 4:9 And she said unto her husband, Behold now, I perceive that this is an holy man of God, which passeth by us continually. 4:10 Let us make a little chamber, I pray thee, on the wall; and let us set for him there a bed, and a table, and a stool, and a candlestick: and it shall be, when he cometh to us, that he shall turn in thither.

4:11 And it fell on a day, that he came thither, and he turned into the chamber, and lay there. 4:12 And he said to Gehazi his servant, Call this Shunammite. And when he had called her, she stood before him. 4:13 And he said unto him, Say now unto her, Behold, thou hast been careful for us with all this care; what is to be done for thee? wouldest thou be spoken for to the king, or to the captain of the host?

And she answered, I dwell among mine own people.

4:14 And he said, What then is to be done for her?

And Gehazi answered, Verily she hath no child, and her husband is old. 4:15 And he said, Call her. And when he had called her, she stood in the door. 4:16 And he said, About this season, according to the time of life, thou shalt embrace a son.

And she said, Nay, my lord, thou man of God, do not lie unto thine handmaid.

4:17 And the woman conceived, and bare a son at that season that Elisha had said unto her, according to the time of life." (2 Kings 4:8-17 KJV)

Centuries later, John the Baptist, the "Elijah to come" was conceived in exactly the same way that Elijah had miraculously assisted the old couple in Shunem. Although John's father, a Temple Levite, stated that "I am an old man, and my wife well stricken in years," John was born in the due time that the LORD had decided.

A Temple Levite

"1:13 But the angel said unto him, Fear not, Zacharias: for thy prayer is heard; and thy wife Elisabeth shall bear thee a son, and thou shalt call his name John. 1:14 And thou shalt have joy and gladness; and many shall rejoice at his birth. 1:15 For he shall be great in the sight of the Lord, and shall drink neither wine nor strong drink; and he shall be filled with the Holy Ghost, even from his mother's womb. 1:16 And many of the children of Israel shall he turn to the Lord their God. 1:17 And he shall go before him in the spirit and power of Elias, to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children, and the disobedient to the wisdom of the just; to make ready a people prepared for the Lord.

1:18 And Zacharias said unto the angel, Whereby shall I know this? for I am an old man, and my wife well stricken in years. 1:19 And the angel answering said unto him, I am Gabriel, that stand in the presence of God; and am sent to speak unto thee, and to show thee these glad tidings." (Luke 1:13-19 KJV)

John's mother Elizabeth was an older, married relative of Mary, an unmarried teenage virgin. Although the two examples we've covered were married women who were miraculously enabled to conceive in a natural way (i.e. the fathers were the biological fathers), the virgin Mary conceived with a greater miracle - but yet as a foremost example of how all of God's children (as we will explain further) are conceived by the Holy Spirit at the time of their conversion, and that God is the Father of all of humanity who choose not to abort their salvation by refusing to repent and grow in the way of righteousness.

"1:26 And in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God unto a city of Galilee, named Nazareth, 1:27 To a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin's name was Mary. 1:28 And the angel came in unto her, and said, Hail, thou that art highly favoured, the Lord is with thee: blessed art thou among women.

1:29 And when she saw him, she was troubled at his saying, and cast in her mind what manner of salutation this should be. 1:30 And the angel said unto her, Fear not, Mary: for thou hast found favour with God. 1:31 And, behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shalt call his name JESUS. 1:32 He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David: 1:33 And he shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end.

1:34 Then said Mary unto the angel, How shall this be, seeing I know not a man?

1:35 And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God. 1:36 And, behold, thy cousin Elisabeth, she hath also conceived a son in her old age: and this is the sixth month with her, who was called barren. 1:37 For with God nothing shall be impossible." (Luke 1:26-37 KJV)

The power of the LORD is absolute; along with all other things, as we've read "he changeth the times and the seasons" according to His Purpose.

"2:20 Daniel answered and said, Blessed be the name of God for ever and ever: for wisdom and might are his: 2:21 And he changeth the times and the seasons: he removeth kings, and setteth up kings: he giveth wisdom unto the wise, and knowledge to them that know understanding: 2:22 He revealeth the deep and secret things: he knoweth what is in the darkness, and the light dwelleth with him." (Daniel 2:20-22 KJV)

Many people incorrectly think that they are "born again" now (see the Fact Finder question below), far out of "due season" (as declared by the LORD; see When And Where Your Eternal Life Will Begin and The Eighth Day: What Does It Mean?) because they have been deceived by a great false church (and its "protestant" daughters who have kept the same false doctrines) that proclaims itself with the power to change times and seasons. As quoted above, Daniel described how the LORD rightfully does it. Daniel also described how the religious frauds have done it - and their coming fate for doing so.

All The Earth

"7:25 And he shall speak great words against the most High, and shall wear out the saints of the most High, and think to change times and laws: and they shall be given into his hand until a time and times and the dividing of time. 7:26 But the judgment shall sit, and they shall take away his dominion, to consume and to destroy it unto the end." (Daniel 7:25-26 KJV)

The Messiah never "set dates" for His return. Quite the contrary, He commanded His people, "It is not for you to know the times or the seasons, which the Father hath put in his own power." Those who claim to know the time of Christ's return are not only claiming something that Christ Himself said that He doesn't know, but they are attempting to put themselves in place of God.

"1:1 The former treatise have I made, O Theophilus, of all that Jesus began both to do and teach, 1:2 Until the day in which he was taken up, after that he through the Holy Ghost had given commandments unto the apostles whom he had chosen: 1:3 To whom also he showed himself alive after his passion by many infallible proofs, being seen of them forty days, and speaking of the things pertaining to the kingdom of God: 1:4 And, being assembled together with them, commanded them that they should not depart from Jerusalem, but wait for the promise of the Father, which, saith he, ye have heard of me. 1:5 For John truly baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost not many days hence.

1:6 When they therefore were come together, they asked of him, saying, Lord, wilt thou at this time restore again the kingdom to Israel?

1:7 And he said unto them, It is not for you to know the times or the seasons, which the Father hath put in his own power. 1:8 But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth.

1:9 And when he had spoken these things, while they beheld, he was taken up; and a cloud received him out of their sight.

1:10 And while they looked stedfastly toward heaven as he went up, behold, two men stood by them in white apparel; 1:11 Which also said, Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into heaven? this same Jesus, which is taken up from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go into heaven.

1:12 Then returned they unto Jerusalem from the mount called Olivet, which is from Jerusalem a sabbath day's journey." (Acts 1:1-12 KJV)

The apostle Paul never "set dates," but also warned that the return will seem to happen to all who reach the end of their physical life, because the dead have no sense of the passage of time to the future time, as decided by God alone, when the resurrection will occur (see Could Christ Return Tonight? and the Fact Finder question below).

Heaven

"5:1 But of the times and the seasons, brethren, ye have no need that I write unto you. 5:2 For yourselves know perfectly that the day of the Lord so cometh as a thief in the night. 5:3 For when they shall say, Peace and safety; then sudden destruction cometh upon them, as travail upon a woman with child; and they shall not escape." (1 Thessalonians 5:1-3 KJV)

Being "born again" isn't merely a fantasy in this physical life; it will occur "in due season" at the future resurrection (again, see the Fact Finder question below that covers, from the Bible, what "born again" and the famous "John 3:16" really mean).

"3:5 Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God. 3:6 That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. 3:7 Marvel not that I said unto thee, Ye must be born again. 3:8 The wind bloweth where it listeth, and thou hearest the sound thereof, but canst not tell whence it cometh, and whither it goeth: so is every one that is born of the Spirit." (John 3:5-8 KJV)

Like crops that are sown in different times and seasons, and are harvested in their due season (e.g. the calling to repentance before or after the return of Jesus Christ, and the resurrection/change to salvation on the day of Christ's return or at the end of the 1,000 years - again see When And Where Your Eternal Life Will Begin and The Eighth Day: What Does It Mean?), salvation is being accomplished according the "due times and seasons" that have been declared by God.

"24:32 Now learn a parable of the fig tree; When his branch is yet tender, and putteth forth leaves, ye know that summer is nigh: 24:33 So likewise ye, when ye shall see all these things, know that it is near, even at the doors. 24:34 Verily I say unto you, This generation shall not pass, till all these things be fulfilled. 24:35 Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass away.

24:36 But of that day and hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels of heaven, but my Father only. 24:37 But as the days of Noe were [see As In The Days Of Noah], so shall also the coming of the Son of man be. 24:38 For as in the days that were before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noe entered into the ark, 24:39 And knew not until the flood came, and took them all away; so shall also the coming of the Son of man be. 24:40 Then shall two be in the field; the one shall be taken, and the other left. 24:41 Two women shall be grinding at the mill; the one shall be taken, and the other left [which is not describing a "rapture"; see The Raptures].

24:42 Watch therefore: for ye know not what hour your Lord doth come. 24:43 But know this, that if the goodman of the house had known in what watch the thief would come, he would have watched, and would not have suffered his house to be broken up. 24:44 Therefore be ye also ready: for in such an hour as ye think not the Son of man cometh." (Matthew 24:32-44 KJV)

Fact Finder: When will humans be "born again"? What was the full teaching of "John 3:16"?
See What Was The Lesson Of John 3:16?


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This Day In History, March 9

141 BC: Liu Che, known as Emperor Wu of Han, assumed the throne of the Han Dynasty of China.

632: The last public sermon of Muhammad, the founder of his religion of Islam (see A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad).

1074: Pope Gregory VII excommunicated all married Roman Catholic priests.

1230: Bulgarian tsar Ivan Asen II defeated Theodore of Epirus at the Battle of Klokotnitsa.

1276: Augsburg became an Imperial Free City.

1496: Jews were expelled from Carintha, Austria.

1796: Napoleon Bonaparte married Josephine de Beauharnais, widow of a French officer who was executed during the revolution.

1812: Swedish Pomerania was taken by Napoleon.

1831: The French Foreign Legion was founded in Algeria by King Louis Philippe.

1873: The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) was established.

1888: Wilhelm I, Emperor of Germany and King of Prussia from 1861, died.

1916: Pancho Villa and 1,500 Mexican cavalry troops raided New Mexico.

1933: State Police ("Gestapo" is the German abbreviation for "the State Police") in Nazi Germany opened the Dachau concentration camp, near Munich.

1936: The German press warned that all Jews who voted in the upcoming elections would be arrested.

1945: The Bombing of Tokyo by the U.S. Army Air Force began; it became one of the most destructive bombing raids in history.

1961: The Russian Sputnik 9 carried a dog into orbit.

1968: General William Westmoreland requested 206,000 more U.S. troops to become involved in the Vietnam civil war (earlier French imperialism in southeast Asia resulted in the ancient nation of Vietnam being divided into North and South Vietnam, a foreign-imposed partition of the Vietnamese people that did not end until the early 1970s after the U.S. had involved itself in the Vietnamese civil conflict for over a decade).

1986: U.S. Navy divers found the crew compartment of the space shuttle Challenger, along with the remains of the astronauts, nearly 6 weeks after the disaster.

1992: Former Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin died at age 78. He and President Anwar Sadat of Egypt were awarded the Nobel peace prize in 1978 for the Camp David Peace Accord.

1995: A Canadian Coast Guard ship fired upon and arrested the fleeing Spanish ship Estai after pursuing it out into international waters off the Grand Banks of Newfoundland. The Spanish ship was observed violating Canadian law within Canadian waters; as well, a Canadian Navy submarine later recovered the net that the Spanish ship cut while being pursued and found it to have an illegal small-mesh liner that was "vacuuming the ocean" of fish of all sizes, thereby exterminating future fish stocks. The seizure of the Spanish ship and its crew led to weeks of political tension and an escalating high-seas warship standoff between Canada and the rising-superpower European Union (which forced Britain to chose between its European Union membership and "the Canadians that have always been there for us during two world wars" - to which the British government chose Canada; as well, during the crisis hundreds of British fishing boats flew Canadian flags while working off the coast of Europe).

1997: A solar eclipse permitted people in China, Mongolia and eastern Siberia to see the Hale-Bopp Comet during the day.

2010: The first homosexual "marriages" in Washington, D.C. were conducted.

2011: The Space Shuttle Discovery made its final landing after 39 flights.





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