Monday, April 30 2012
Engedi In History And Prophecy
Engedi, from the Hebrew meaning spring of the wild goat, is located at about the midway point of the west coast of the Dead Sea (see The Salt Sea In History And Prophecy), about 35 miles / 55 kilometers southeast of Jerusalem (see our history of Jerusalem series of studies, beginning with A History Of Jerusalem: In The Beginning). It was a major oasis with lush vegetation, high quality dates and medicinal plants. Israel's only naturally-occurring waterfall is found at Engedi (see the photos below).
Engedi was within the tribal area of Judah, in the time of Joshua (see also Why Did Joshua Lead Israel Across The Jordan?).
"15:20 This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Judah [see also Who Were The First Jews?] according to their families.
15:21 And the uttermost cities of the tribe of the children of Judah toward the coast of Edom southward were Kabzeel, and Eder, and Jagur, 15:22 And Kinah, and Dimonah, and Adadah, 15:23 And Kedesh, and Hazor, and Ithnan, 15:24 Ziph, and Telem, and Bealoth, 15:25 And Hazor, Hadattah, and Kerioth, and Hezron, which is Hazor, 15:26 Amam, and Shema, and Moladah, 15:27 And Hazargaddah, and Heshmon, and Bethpalet, 15:28 And Hazarshual, and Beersheba, and Bizjothjah, 15:29 Baalah, and Iim, and Azem, 15:30 And Eltolad, and Chesil, and Hormah, 15:31 And Ziklag, and Madmannah, and Sansannah,
15:32 And Lebaoth, and Shilhim, and Ain, and Rimmon: all the cities are twenty and nine, with their villages:
15:33 And in the valley, Eshtaol, and Zoreah, and Ashnah, 15:34 And Zanoah, and Engannim, Tappuah, and Enam, 15:35 Jarmuth, and Adullam, Socoh, and Azekah, 15:36 And Sharaim, and Adithaim, and Gederah, and Gederothaim; fourteen cities with their villages: 15:37 Zenan, and Hadashah, and Migdalgad, 15:38 And Dilean, and Mizpeh, and Joktheel, 15:39 Lachish, and Bozkath, and Eglon,
15:40 And Cabbon, and Lahmam, and Kithlish, 15:41 And Gederoth, Bethdagon, and Naamah, and Makkedah; sixteen cities with their villages: 15:42 Libnah, and Ether, and Ashan, 15:43 And Jiphtah, and Ashnah, and Nezib, 15:44 And Keilah, and Achzib, and Mareshah; nine cities with their villages:
15:45 Ekron, with her towns and her villages: 15:46 From Ekron even unto the sea, all that lay near Ashdod, with their villages: 15:47 Ashdod with her towns and her villages, Gaza with her towns and her villages, unto the river of Egypt, and the great sea, and the border thereof:
15:48 And in the mountains, Shamir, and Jattir, and Socoh, 15:49 And Dannah, and Kirjathsannah, which is Debir, 15:50 And Anab, and Eshtemoh, and Anim, 15:51 And Goshen, and Holon, and Giloh; eleven cities with their villages: 15:52 Arab, and Dumah, and Eshean, 15:53 And Janum, and Bethtappuah, and Aphekah, 15:54 And Humtah, and Kirjatharba, which is Hebron, and Zior; nine cities with their villages: 15:55 Maon, Carmel, and Ziph, and Juttah, 15:56 And Jezreel, and Jokdeam, and Zanoah, 15:57 Cain, Gibeah, and Timnah; ten cities with their villages: 15:58 Halhul, Bethzur, and Gedor, 15:59 And Maarath, and Bethanoth, and Eltekon; six cities with their villages: 15:60 Kirjathbaal, which is Kirjathjearim, and Rabbah; two cities with their villages:
15:61 In the wilderness, Betharabah, Middin, and Secacah, 15:62 And Nibshan, and the city of Salt, and Engedi; six cities with their villages.
15:63 As for the Jebusites the inhabitants of Jerusalem [see A History Of Jerusalem: Jebus Of Canaan], the children of Judah could not drive them out: but the Jebusites dwell with the children of Judah at Jerusalem unto this day." (Joshua 15:20-63 KJV)
"And it shall come to pass, that every thing that liveth, which moveth, whithersoever the rivers shall come, shall live"
Engedi is later recorded in Bible history as the place where David sought refuge against the forces of Saul, in the time when Saul had nearly all of Israel's army, while David had only a few hundred loyal warriors (see The Civil War Kings). It was in one of the caves of Engedi that David spared Saul's life.
"24:1 And it came to pass, when Saul was returned from following the Philistines, that it was told him, saying, Behold, David is in the wilderness of Engedi. 24:2 Then Saul took three thousand chosen men out of all Israel, and went to seek David and his men upon the rocks of the wild goats.
24:3 And he came to the sheepcotes by the way, where was a cave; and Saul went in to cover his feet: and David and his men remained in the sides of the cave. 24:4 And the men of David said unto him, Behold the day of which the LORD said unto thee, Behold, I will deliver thine enemy into thine hand, that thou mayest do to him as it shall seem good unto thee. Then David arose, and cut off the skirt of Saul's robe privily.
24:5 And it came to pass afterward, that David's heart smote him, because he had cut off Saul's skirt.
24:6 And he said unto his men, The LORD forbid that I should do this thing unto my master, the LORD anointed, to stretch forth mine hand against him, seeing he is the anointed of the LORD. 24:7 So David stayed his servants with these words, and suffered them not to rise against Saul. But Saul rose up out of the cave, and went on his way.
24:8 David also arose afterward, and went out of the cave, and cried after Saul, saying, My lord the king. And when Saul looked behind him, David stooped with his face to the earth, and bowed himself. 24:9 And David said to Saul, Wherefore hearest thou men's words, saying, Behold, David seeketh thy hurt? 24:10 Behold, this day thine eyes have seen how that the LORD had delivered thee to day into mine hand in the cave: and some bade me kill thee: but mine eye spared thee; and I said, I will not put forth mine hand against my lord; for he is the LORD anointed. 24:11 Moreover, my father, see, yea, see the skirt of thy robe in my hand: for in that I cut off the skirt of thy robe, and killed thee not, know thou and see that there is neither evil nor transgression in mine hand, and I have not sinned against thee; yet thou huntest my soul [see What Does The Bible Really Say About Your Soul?] to take it. 24:12 The LORD judge between me and thee, and the LORD avenge me of thee: but mine hand shall not be upon thee. 24:13 As saith the proverb of the ancients, Wickedness proceedeth from the wicked: but mine hand shall not be upon thee.
24:14 After whom is the king of Israel come out? after whom dost thou pursue? after a dead dog, after a flea.
24:15 The LORD therefore be judge, and judge between me and thee, and see, and plead my cause, and deliver me out of thine hand.
24:16 And it came to pass, when David had made an end of speaking these words unto Saul, that Saul said, Is this thy voice, my son David? And Saul lifted up his voice, and wept. 24:17 And he said to David, Thou art more righteous than I: for thou hast rewarded me good, whereas I have rewarded thee evil. 24:18 And thou hast showed this day how that thou hast dealt well with me: forasmuch as when the LORD had delivered me into thine hand, thou killedst me not. 24:19 For if a man find his enemy, will he let him go well away? wherefore the LORD reward thee good for that thou hast done unto me this day. 24:20 And now, behold, I know well that thou shalt surely be king, and that the kingdom of Israel shall be established in thine hand. 24:21 Swear now therefore unto me by the LORD, that thou wilt not cut off my seed after me, and that thou wilt not destroy my name out of my father's house.
24:22 And David sware unto Saul. And Saul went home; but David and his men gat them up unto the hold." (1 Samuel 24:1-22 KJV)
Salvation is being accomplished in stages (see the Fact Finder question below). After the return of the Messiah, Jerusalem will be the location of his Throne, from which everyone will learn what others have learned before ("4:1 But in the last days it shall come to pass, that the mountain of the house of the LORD shall be established in the top of the mountains, and it shall be exalted above the hills; and people shall flow unto it.
4:2 And many nations shall come, and say, Come, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, and to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths: for the law shall go forth of Zion, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem. 4:3 And he shall judge among many people, and rebuke strong nations afar off; and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up a sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more." Micah 4:1-3 KJV). The result, for Engedi, and the world, will be both natural and miraculous.
"46:1 Thus saith the Lord GOD; The gate of the inner court that looketh toward the east shall be shut the six working days [see The Fourth Commandment, Part One: Work]; but on the sabbath it shall be opened [see The Fourth Commandment, Part Two: Rest], and in the day of the new moon it shall be opened [see Calendar of Christ's Holy Days]. 46:2 And the prince shall enter by the way of the porch of that gate without, and shall stand by the post of the gate, and the priests shall prepare his burnt offering and his peace offerings, and he shall worship at the threshold of the gate: then he shall go forth; but the gate shall not be shut until the evening. 46:3 Likewise the people of the land shall worship at the door of this gate before the LORD in the sabbaths and in the new moons." (Ezekiel 36:1-3 KJV)
At that time, "living waters" will flow from Jerusalem to "Engedi, even unto Eneglaim."
"47:1 Afterward he brought me again unto the door of the house; and, behold, waters issued out from under the threshold of the house eastward: for the forefront of the house stood toward the east, and the waters came down from under from the right side of the house, at the south side of the altar. 47:2 Then brought he me out of the way of the gate northward, and led me about the way without unto the utter gate by the way that looketh eastward; and, behold, there ran out waters on the right side.
47:3 And when the man that had the line in his hand went forth eastward, he measured a thousand cubits, and he brought me through the waters; the waters were to the ankles. 47:4 Again he measured a thousand, and brought me through the waters; the waters were to the knees. Again he measured a thousand, and brought me through; the waters were to the loins. 47:5 Afterward he measured a thousand; and it was a river that I could not pass over: for the waters were risen, waters to swim in, a river that could not be passed over. 47:6 And he said unto me, Son of man, hast thou seen this?
Then he brought me, and caused me to return to the brink of the river. 47:7 Now when I had returned, behold, at the bank of the river were very many trees on the one side and on the other. 47:8 Then said he unto me, These waters issue out toward the east country, and go down into the desert, and go into the sea: which being brought forth into the sea, the waters shall be healed. 47:9 And it shall come to pass, that every thing that liveth, which moveth, whithersoever the rivers shall come, shall live: and there shall be a very great multitude of fish, because these waters shall come thither: for they shall be healed; and every thing shall live whither the river cometh.
47:10 And it shall come to pass, that the fishers shall stand upon it from Engedi even unto Eneglaim; they shall be a place to spread forth nets; their fish shall be according to their kinds, as the fish of the great sea, exceeding many. 47:11 But the miry places thereof and the marishes thereof shall not be healed; they shall be given to salt. 47:12 And by the river upon the bank thereof, on this side and on that side, shall grow all trees for meat, whose leaf shall not fade, neither shall the fruit thereof be consumed: it shall bring forth new fruit according to his months, because their waters they issued out of the sanctuary: and the fruit thereof shall be for meat, and the leaf thereof for medicine." (Ezekiel 47:1-12 KJV)
Fact Finder: What are the overlapping stages of salvation, as evidenced by the history and prophecy of the true Christian church?
See the series of six studies (the links to all six are found in each study) beginning with The Church In The Garden
This Day In History, April 30
311: Galerius Valerius Maximianus issued an edict which allowed (the Roman version of) Christianity in the Roman Empire (see A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad and Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy).
313: Licinius unified the whole of the eastern Roman empire under his own rule after the Battle of Tzirallum.
1006: The brightest supernova in recorded history was observed.
1156: Moscow was founded.
1303: When German king Albrecht (Albert) obtained confirmation of his election from Pope Boniface VIII, he swore an oath of obedience to the papacy, and promised that none of his sons would be elected German king without papal consent (see Emperors and Popes).
1527: Henry VIII and King Francis of France signed the Treaty of Westminster.
1563: Jews were expelled from France by order of King Charles VI.
1725: Spain withdrew from the Quadruple Alliance.
1803: The treaty was signed for the Louisiana Purchase. France, under Napoleon, found itself requiring the funds for Napoleon's European wars of conquest (when Britain was at war with the U.S. during the War of 1812-14, Britain was also at war to stop Napoleon in Europe; to Britain, the War of 1812 was a relative "side show" from the great war in Europe against Napoleon at the same time).
1804: Shrapnel, named after British soldier Henry Shrapnel, was used for the first time in warfare by the British against the Dutch in Suriname.
1849: Giuseppe Garibaldi, Italian patriot and guerrilla leader, repulsed a French attack on Rome.
1902: In Vienna, Theodore Herzl completed his novel Altneuland.
1917: German submarines in the First World War, total ships sunk for month: 335
1943: The British submarine HMS Seraph dropped the "man who never was," a dead man planted with false invasion papers, off the coast of Spain. It turned out to be one of the greatest deceptions in military history.
1945: Adolf Hitler, 56, and his wife of 1 day, Eva Braun, 33, committed suicide in their underground "Fuhrerbunker" in Berlin as Russian troops penetrated central Berlin.
1966: The "Church of Satan" was established at the Black House in San Francisco, California.
1975: In South Vietnam, with the last of the U.S. military forces and diplomatic (i.e. CIA and mercenary "contractors") personnel having evacuated the previous day, President Minh announced an unconditional surrender to the Vietcong, ending the 20th Century's longest civil war. Vietnam became a single country again, after having been divided by imperial France earlier in the 20th century - which triggered the civil war that the U.S. involved itself in later, in the 1960s.
1980: Terrorists seized the Iranian Embassy in London.
1980: Queen Juliana of the Netherlands signed the Act of Abdication, ending 31 years as monarch. She was succeeded by Queen Beatrix.
1991: A cyclone (hurricane) killed 125,000 people in Bangladesh.
2004: U.S. media released graphic photographs of U.S. soldiers abusing and sexually humiliating live and dead Iraqi prisoners at the Abu Ghraib prison in Baghdad (where Saddam Hussein's thugs tortured and abused prisoners in the same way before Iraq was "liberated"). The images were the beginning of a drastic change in how the world views the U.S. and its attitude toward the rest of humanity.