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Sunday, July 22 2012
Israel In History and Prophecy: Joshua
Moses and Joshua
Joshua was an Israelite, born in Egypt (see Why Did They Go To Goshen?) about twenty years before the Exodus. While there is no Biblical mention of him being a "stone cutter," as he is portrayed in the classic film The Ten Commandments (produced by Cecil B. DeMille in 1956), from what is recorded about him in the Scriptures, Joshua was without doubt a physically and psychologically strong young man.
Joshua was of the tribe of Ephraim, which likely made his appearance much more Egyptian than those of the other tribes whose ancestry originated entirely from Babylonian/Syrian parents (see A Biography Of Abraham: The Genealogy Of Abram and The Syrian Marriage Wells). Ephraim and Manasseh's mother was an Egyptian (see Jacob's Blessing Of Ephraim And Manasseh).
The actual Hebrew name is usually rendered into English as "Joshua," however "Hoshea" or "Oshea" were also used, sometimes for the same verse - as shown here for Numbers 13:8 from the King James Version and the Revised Standard Version (the Revised Standard Version was based on the American Standard Version, which was based on the King James Version).
"13:8 Of the tribe of Ephraim, Oshea the son of Nun." (Numbers 13:8 KJV)
The LORD was the King. Moses was, in effect, the Prime Minister. Joshua was, in effect, the Minister of Defense - until the day came that Joshua succeeded Moses, thereby becoming both (see the Fact Finder question below).
"17:8 Then came Amalek, and fought with Israel in Rephidim.
Joshua remained very close to Moses when Moses met with the LORD atop Mount Sinai (see also Paul's Geography Lesson to understand why Paul said that Mount Sinai was in "Arabia").
"24:13 And Moses rose up, and his minister Joshua: and Moses went up into the mount of God [see also Mountains Of The Messiah]. 24:14 And he said unto the elders, Tarry ye here for us, until we come again unto you: and, behold, Aaron and Hur are with you: if any man have any matters to do, let him come unto them." (Exodus 24:13-14 KJV)
Joshua was with Moses when they came down, together, from atop Mount Sinai with the Ten Commandments of the LORD (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Law Of The LORD).
"32:15 And Moses turned, and went down from the mount, and the two tables of the testimony were in his hand: the tables were written on both their sides; on the one side and on the other were they written [see Turning The Tables]. 32:16 And the tables were the work of God, and the writing was the writing of God, graven upon the tables.
After the Ten Commandments were given to the Israelites (Exodus chapter 20), but before the finished Tabernacle was set up within the center of the camp, and the Levite priesthood became operational with it (Exodus chapters 39-40), the "Tent of Meeting" (a term that was also used for the later Tabernacle) was set up by Moses outside the camp (Exodus chapter 33). Moses and Joshua occupied and served the LORD in that "Tent of Meeting."
"33:7 And Moses took the tabernacle, and pitched it without the camp, afar off from the camp, and called it the Tabernacle of the congregation. And it came to pass, that every one which sought the LORD [see Who Is The LORD?] went out unto the tabernacle of the congregation, which was without the camp.
The Sinai journey of the Israelites was not intended to take forty years. It happened because the Israelites rebelled against the command of the LORD to enter the Gift that He was giving them. Joshua was one of the two scouts (Caleb was the only other) who remained faithful and courageous in the service of the LORD.
"14:1 And all the congregation lifted up their voice, and cried; and the people wept that night. 14:2 And all the children of Israel murmured against Moses and against Aaron: and the whole congregation said unto them, Would God that we had died in the land of Egypt! or would God we had died in this wilderness! 14:3 And wherefore hath the LORD brought us unto this land, to fall by the sword, that our wives and our children should be a prey? were it not better for us to return into Egypt? 14:4 And they said one to another, Let us make a captain, and let us return into Egypt.
Notice that the census that was done prior to the Israelite entry into the Promised land forty years later "was not a man of them whom Moses and Aaron the priest numbered, when they numbered the children of Israel in the wilderness of Sinai" - the adult rebels had been left to wander and die in the wilderness.
"26:63 These are they that were numbered by Moses and Eleazar the priest [see The Origin Of The Levite Priesthood and the Fact Finder question below], who numbered the children of Israel in the plains of Moab by Jordan near Jericho. 26:64 But among these there was not a man of them whom Moses and Aaron the priest numbered, when they numbered the children of Israel in the wilderness of Sinai. 26:65 For the LORD had said of them, They shall surely die in the wilderness [see A Journey Without A Destination]. And there was not left a man of them, save Caleb the son of Jephunneh, and Joshua the son of Nun." (Numbers 26:63-65 KJV)
The succession of Joshua was done in a peaceful, orderly manner. Their King, Who was the LORD, had not changed, and never dies, but His servants are replaced in their due time. Contrary to the arrogant, Satanic fantasy that a certain military organization spews today, no one has "over run the Garden of Eden" or the sovereignty of the LORD - and unless they, and all of those like them in this ungodly world, repent of their pathetic delusions of themselves, they are going to know the Wrath of the LORD, that is going to make them scream for mercy e.g. "6:15 And the kings of the earth, and the great men, and the rich men, and the chief captains, and the mighty men, and every bondman, and every free man, hid themselves in the dens and in the rocks of the mountains; 6:16 And said to the mountains and rocks, Fall on us, and hide us from the face of him that sitteth on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb: 6:17 For the great day of his wrath is come; and who shall be able to stand?" (Revelation 6:15-17 KJV; see also The Coming World Dictator and What Is The Day Of The LORD?).
"27:18 And the LORD said unto Moses, Take thee Joshua the son of Nun, a man in whom is the spirit [see also Who Has A Spirit Of Confrontation? and The Healing Spirit], and lay thine hand upon him; 27:19 And set him before Eleazar the priest, and before all the congregation; and give him a charge in their sight. 27:20 And thou shalt put some of thine honour upon him, that all the congregation of the children of Israel may be obedient. 27:21 And he shall stand before Eleazar the priest, who shall ask counsel for him after the judgment of Urim before the LORD: at his word shall they go out, and at his word they shall come in, both he, and all the children of Israel with him, even all the congregation.
Moses had served the LORD for forty years; Moses knew how shallow the Israelites were in their faithfulness to the LORD. Joshua experienced it during his time too. The LORD even warned Joshua that it was repeatedly going to happen: "this people will rise up, and go a whoring after the gods of the strangers of the land, whither they go to be among them, and will forsake me, and break my covenant which I have made with them."
"31:14 And the LORD said unto Moses, Behold, thy days approach that thou must die: call Joshua, and present yourselves in the tabernacle of the congregation [see also The Tabernacle Of God's Kingdom], that I may give him a charge. And Moses and Joshua went, and presented themselves in the tabernacle of the congregation.
Moses was then given his final look, in his physical life, of the Promised Land. He then died, east of the Jordan.
"34:1 And Moses went up from the plains of Moab unto the mountain of Nebo, to the top of Pisgah, that is over against Jericho. And the LORD showed him all the land of Gilead, unto Dan, 34:2 And all Naphtali, and the land of Ephraim, and Manasseh [see Why East And West Manasseh? to understand that Moses, although he didn't cross the Jordan River, was nevertheless in Israelite tribal territory when he died], and all the land of Judah, unto the utmost sea, 34:3 And the south, and the plain of the valley of Jericho, the city of palm trees, unto Zoar. 34:4 And the LORD said unto him, This is the land which I sware unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, saying, I will give it unto thy seed: I have caused thee to see it with thine eyes, but thou shalt not go over thither.
Into The Promised Land
As with the crossing of the sea at the time of the Exodus, the crossing of the Jordan River also involved a parting, a Way that the Way provided for the children of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.
"3:1 And Joshua rose early in the morning; and they removed from Shittim, and came to Jordan, he and all the children of Israel, and lodged there before they passed over. 3:2 And it came to pass after three days, that the officers went through the host; 3:3 And they commanded the people, saying, When ye see the ark of the covenant of the LORD your God, and the priests the Levites bearing it, then ye shall remove from your place, and go after it. 3:4 Yet there shall be a space between you and it, about two thousand cubits by measure: come not near unto it, that ye may know the way by which ye must go: for ye have not passed this way heretofore.
The fall of Jericho is one of the most famous events of Bible history. It was Joshua's first effort as the battle commander that he had already been, as well as the leader of the nation (a people) - which was also about to become a country (a sovereign territory).
"6:12 And Joshua rose early in the morning, and the priests took up the ark of the LORD. 6:13 And seven priests bearing seven trumpets of rams' horns before the ark of the LORD went on continually, and blew with the trumpets: and the armed men went before them; but the rereward came after the ark of the LORD, the priests going on, and blowing with the trumpets. 6:14 And the second day they compassed the city once, and returned into the camp: so they did six days [see The Gates Of Jericho].
Joshua then began an all-out war to take the land that had been deeded to Abraham's Messianic line centuries before (see A Biography Of Abraham: Isaac).
"10:28 And that day Joshua took Makkedah, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and the king thereof he utterly destroyed, them, and all the souls that were therein; he let none remain: and he did to the king of Makkedah as he did unto the king of Jericho.
When the victory was in hand, the eastern tribes returned home (see Why East And West Manasseh?).
"22:1 Then Joshua called the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh, 22:2 And said unto them, Ye have kept all that Moses the servant of the LORD commanded you, and have obeyed my voice in all that I commanded you: 22:3 Ye have not left your brethren these many days unto this day, but have kept the charge of the commandment of the LORD your God [see Who Is The LORD?]. 22:4 And now the LORD your God hath given rest unto your brethren, as he promised them: therefore now return ye, and get you unto your tents, and unto the land of your possession, which Moses the servant of the LORD gave you on the other side Jordan. 22:5 But take diligent heed to do the commandment and the law, which Moses the servant of the LORD charged you, to love the LORD your God, and to walk in all his ways, and to keep his commandments [see Israel In History and Prophecy: Law Of The LORD], and to cleave unto him, and to serve him with all your heart and with all your soul.
The are very few people in the Bible who remained faithful and obedient to the LORD - and who made no major mistakes. Joshua was one of them. When his life's task had been completed, he died and was buried in the tribal territory of Ephraim, in central Israel. Joshua is today awaiting his resurrection and reward (see The Harvest Prophecies).
"24:28 So Joshua let the people depart, every man unto his inheritance.
Fact Finder: How and why did the succession of Moses and Aaron happen?
This Day In History, July 22
838: The Battle of Anzen. Byzantine emperor Theophilos was defeated by the Abbasids.
1099: During the First Crusade (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy), Godfrey of Bouillon was proclaimed the first "Defender of the Holy Sepulchre of The Kingdom of Jerusalem" (see A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad).
1298: King Edward I used bowmen and cavalry to defeat William Wallace's Scots at Falkirk.
1456: The Siege of Belgrade during the Ottoman Wars in Europe. John Hunyadi, Regent of the Kingdom of Hungary, defeated Mehmet II of the Ottoman Empire.
1499: The Battle of Dornach. Swiss forces defeated the Imperial army of Emperor Maximilian I.
1515: The Congress of Vienna settled disputes between Poland and the Holy Roman Empire (which was actually German; see The Holy Roman Empire) and the succession to the Hungarian throne.
1587: A second group of English settlers arrived on Roanoke Island off North Carolina to re-establish the deserted colony.
1620: A small congregation of English "Separatists," led by John Robinson, began their journey to the New World. Today, this historic group of religious refugees has come to be known as the "Pilgrims."
1691: The Anglo-Dutch army defeated the French at Aghrim, India.
1706: The Acts of Union were agreed upon by commissioners from the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland. The agreement led to the creation of the Kingdom of Great Britain.
1739: Ottoman Turks (listen to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire) defeated troops of the Holy Roman Empire at Crocyka, Yugoslavia and threatened Belgrade.
1812: During the Napoleonic Wars (during the War of 1812-14 with the U.S., Britain was at the same time fighting a much larger war with Napoleon's French Empire in Europe), the Battle of Salamanca: British forces under the command of Arthur Wellesley defeated French the army near Salamanca, Spain.
1847: To escape religious persecution in the U.S., the first large group of Mormons entered the Salt Lake Valley, in what was still Mexican territory. Mormon leader Brigham Young founded Salt Lake City, Utah, soon after.
1934: "Public Enemy No. 1" criminal John Dillinger was shot and killed by FBI agents outside the Biograph Theater in Chicago.
1938: The Third Reich issued special identity cards for Jewish Germans (see Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).
1946: A "Zionist" (see A History Of Jerusalem: Zionism) terrorist organization, known as the Irgun, blew up the King David Hotel in Jerusalem that housed the British Army Headquarters (see A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate and A History Of Jerusalem: War And Peace to understand how the present-day state of "Israel" became an independent nation because Britain freed them from centuries of occupation by the Ottoman Empire). About 700 pounds of high explosives demolished one wing of the hotel, killing 91 people were - 41 Arabs, 28 British, 17 Jews and 5 other nationalities. Irgun leader Menachem Begin (a future Prime Minister of Israel who signed the Camp David Accord) later claimed that the homicides were not intended and that sufficient advance warning by telephone had been given.
1948: The people of Newfoundland (at the time, a British colony) voted in a referendum to join Canada.
1950: King Leopold III returned to Belgium after six years in exile.
1981: Mehmet Ali Agca, 23, was sentenced to life in prison for the attempted assassination of Pope John Paul II in May of that year.
1999: The cremated ashes of John F. Kennedy Jr., his wife Carolyn Bessette Kennedy, and his sister-in-law Lauren Bessette were scattered in the waters off Martha's Vineyard where their bodies had been recovered from the crash site the day before, 3 days after their plane, piloted by Kennedy, crashed into the ocean on July 16.