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Saturday, August 4 2012

Israel In History and Prophecy: Kingdom Of Judah

Studies in this complete series of Israel In History and Prophecy:
1. Roots and Branches 2. Jacob's Family 3. Moses 4. The Exodus 5. Passover
6. Law Of The LORD 7. The Sinai Journey 8. Joshua 9. The Judges 10. Samuel
11. Saul and David 12. The Civil War 13. Jerusalem 14. Zion 15. King David
16. Solomon 17. The Tabernacle 18. The Temple 19. Israel and Judah 20. The Lost Ten Tribes
21. Kingdom Of Judah 22. Back To Babylon 23. The Prophets 24. Babylon and Persia 25. The Return Of Judah
26. Jews 27. Judaism 28. Purim 29. Hanukkah 30. Hasmonean Judea
31. Roman Judea 32. Herod 33. The Messiah 34. The Zealots 35. Aelia Capitolina
36. Rome and Islam 37. Balfour Declaration 38. Israel Of Judah 39. The New Covenant 40. Alpha and Omega


"All the house of Judah, with the tribe of Benjamin ... to fight against the house of Israel"

Israel was divided into "Israel" and "Judah" (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Israel and Judah) because of the gross idolatry of King Solomon (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Solomon). The actual split came at the beginning of the reign of Solomon's son Rehoboam - the third, and last king of the united kingdom of Israel (i.e. David, Solomon, Rehoboam; see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Civil War and Israel In History and Prophecy: King David).

The Division of The Kingdom under Rehoboam

"12:12 So Jeroboam [Jeroboam later became the first king of Israel, the northern ten tribes; see Jeroboam Of Israel] and all the people came to Rehoboam the third day, as the king had appointed, saying, Come to me again the third day. 12:13 And the king answered the people roughly [see Rehoboam's Answer], and forsook the old men's counsel that they gave him; 12:14 And spake to them after the counsel of the young men, saying, My father made your yoke heavy, and I will add to your yoke: my father also chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions. 12:15 Wherefore the king hearkened not unto the people; for the cause was from the LORD, that he might perform his saying, which the LORD spake by Ahijah the Shilonite unto Jeroboam the son of Nebat.

12:16 So when all Israel saw that the king hearkened not unto them, the people answered the king, saying, What portion have we in David? neither have we inheritance in the son of Jesse: to your tents, O Israel: now see to thine own house, David.

So Israel departed unto their tents.

12:17 But as for the children of Israel which dwelt in the cities of Judah, Rehoboam reigned over them." (1 Kings 12:12-17 KJV)

The northern ten tribes (minus the northern Levites; see No Levites In The Lost Ten Tribes?) became the kingdom of Israel (and later, the "lost ten tribes of Israel"; see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Lost Ten Tribes), while the kingdom of Judah consisted of, along with the Levites, the tribes of Judah and Benjamin - both of whom had tribal territory bordering on Jerusalem (plus the first king of all of Israel, Saul, was of Benjamin; see Israel In History and Prophecy: Saul and David and Israel In History and Prophecy: The Civil War).

"12:21 And when Rehoboam was come to Jerusalem, he assembled all the house of Judah, with the tribe of Benjamin [see also Was Paul A Jew or a Benjamite?], an hundred and fourscore thousand chosen men, which were warriors, to fight against the house of Israel, to bring the kingdom again to Rehoboam the son of Solomon.

12:22 But the word of God [see Who Is The LORD? and What Does Word of God Mean To You?] came unto Shemaiah the man of God, saying, 12:23 Speak unto Rehoboam, the son of Solomon, king of Judah, and unto all the house of Judah and Benjamin, and to the remnant of the people, saying, 12:24 Thus saith the LORD, Ye shall not go up, nor fight against your brethren the children of Israel: return every man to his house; for this thing is from me. They hearkened therefore to the word of the LORD, and returned to depart, according to the word of the LORD." (1 Kings 12:21-24 KJV)

The Kingdom Of Judah

The kingdom of Israel, under Solomon, was divided because of idolatry (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Solomon). The separated kingdom of Israel was destroyed by 721 BC because of idolatry (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Lost Ten Tribes). The separated kingdom of Judah would also be destroyed because of idolatry. Judah lasted until 586 BC before the LORD had the Babylonians conquer and exile them (as we will cover in a subsequent study in this series), but notice how any good kings that Judah had were judged righteous because of their pulling the kingdom out of idolatry. Example, King Hezekiah:

Israel and Judah

"18:1 Now it came to pass in the third year of Hoshea son of Elah king of Israel, that Hezekiah [see Hezekiah Of Judah] the son of Ahaz king of Judah began to reign. 18:2 Twenty and five years old was he when he began to reign; and he reigned twenty and nine years in Jerusalem. His mother's name also was Abi, the daughter of Zachariah. 18:3 And he did that which was right in the sight of the LORD, according to all that David his father did. 18:4 He removed the high places, and brake the images, and cut down the groves, and brake in pieces the brazen serpent that Moses had made: for unto those days the children of Israel did burn incense to it: and he called it Nehushtan.

18:5 He trusted in the LORD God of Israel; so that after him was none like him among all the kings of Judah, nor any that were before him. 18:6 For he clave to the LORD, and departed not from following him, but kept his commandments, which the LORD commanded Moses [see Israel In History and Prophecy: Law Of The LORD]. 18:7 And the LORD was with him; and he prospered whithersoever he went forth: and he rebelled against the king of Assyria, and served him not. 18:8 He smote the Philistines, even unto Gaza, and the borders thereof, from the tower of the watchmen to the fenced city." (2 Kings 18:1-8 KJV)

So too, righteous King Josiah (see Josiah of Judah), pulled Judah out of idolatry, until it fell back into it during the reigns of later kings. It was a downward spiral that would produce their Babylonian Exile - the subject of our next study.

"23:1 And the king sent, and they gathered unto him all the elders [see What Did The Elders Of Israel Do?] of Judah and of Jerusalem. 23:2 And the king went up into the house of the LORD, and all the men of Judah and all the inhabitants of Jerusalem with him, and the priests [see The Origin Of The Levite Priesthood], and the prophets, and all the people, both small and great: and he read in their ears all the words of the book of the covenant which was found in the house of the LORD. 23:3 And the king stood by a pillar, and made a covenant before the LORD, to walk after the LORD, and to keep his commandments and his testimonies and his statutes with all their heart and all their soul [see also What Does The Bible Really Say About Your Soul?], to perform the words of this covenant that were written in this book. And all the people stood to the covenant.

23:4 And the king commanded Hilkiah the high priest, and the priests of the second order, and the keepers of the door, to bring forth out of the temple of the LORD [see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Temple] all the vessels that were made for Baal, and for the grove, and for all the host of heaven: and he burned them without Jerusalem in the fields of Kidron, and carried the ashes of them unto Bethel. 23:5 And he put down the idolatrous priests, whom the kings of Judah had ordained to burn incense in the high places in the cities of Judah, and in the places round about Jerusalem; them also that burned incense unto Baal, to the sun, and to the moon, and to the planets, and to all the host of heaven. 23:6 And he brought out the grove from the house of the LORD, without Jerusalem, unto the brook Kidron, and burned it at the brook Kidron, and stamped it small to powder, and cast the powder thereof upon the graves of the children of the people. 23:7 And he brake down the houses of the sodomites, that were by the house of the LORD, where the women wove hangings for the grove.

23:8 And he brought all the priests out of the cities of Judah, and defiled the high places where the priests had burned incense, from Geba to Beersheba, and brake down the high places of the gates that were in the entering in of the gate of Joshua the governor of the city, which were on a man's left hand at the gate of the city. 23:9 Nevertheless the priests of the high places came not up to the altar of the LORD in Jerusalem, but they did eat of the unleavened bread among their brethren.

23:10 And he defiled Topheth, which is in the valley of the children of Hinnom, that no man might make his son or his daughter to pass through the fire to Molech. 23:11 And he took away the horses that the kings of Judah had given to the sun, at the entering in of the house of the LORD, by the chamber of Nathanmelech the chamberlain, which was in the suburbs, and burned the chariots of the sun with fire.

23:12 And the altars that were on the top of the upper chamber of Ahaz, which the kings of Judah had made, and the altars which Manasseh had made in the two courts of the house of the LORD, did the king beat down, and brake them down from thence, and cast the dust of them into the brook Kidron. 23:13 And the high places that were before Jerusalem, which were on the right hand of the mount of corruption, which Solomon the king of Israel had builded for Ashtoreth the abomination of the Zidonians, and for Chemosh the abomination of the Moabites, and for Milcom the abomination of the children of Ammon, did the king defile. 23:14 And he brake in pieces the images, and cut down the groves, and filled their places with the bones of men." (2 Kings 23:1-14 KJV)

Fact Finder: (a) Who were the kings of Judah and Israel? (b) What is a "dynasty"? How many dynasties were there in Judah and Israel? (c) Where is the Messianic ancestry found, in Judah or Israel?
(a) See Kings of Israel and Judah
(b) See Israelite Dynasties
(c) See Where Is The Messiah's Royal Line?


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This Day In History, August 4

367: Roman Emperor Valentinian I declared his eight year old son Gratian as co-emperor (see The Politics Of Rome and A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars).

1060: Henry I of France died and was succeeded by Philip I.

1265: King Henry III put down a revolt of English barons lead by Simon de Montfort.

1521: Pope Urban VII was born as Giambattista Castagna. He was elected Pope in September 1590, but died of malaria before his coronation.

1578: A crusade against the Moors of Morocco was routed at the Battle of Alcazar-el-Kebir (see also Thursday October 27 2011 - Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy).

1586: A plot to kill Queen Elizabeth I was discovered. Anthony Babington, supporter of Mary, Queen of Scots, planned to kill Elizabeth and her ministers and assume power with the aid of English Roman Catholics and Spanish soldiers. Babington and others were executed for high treason.

1704: During the War of the Spanish Succession, a joint Anglo-Dutch force attacked and captured Gibraltar.

1914: Germany invaded Belgium, causing Britain to declare war on Germany. By midnight of that day, 5 empires had entered the First World War: the Austro-Hungarian empire against Serbia; the German empire against France, Britain and Russia; the Russian empire against Germany and Austria-Hungary; the British and French empires against Germany. Many believed that the war would be "over by Christmas" (listen also to our Sermon The European World Wars).

1916: Denmark agreed to cede the Danish West Indies, including the Virgin Islands, to the United States for $25 million. The deal took effect the following March 31.

1927: The Peace Bridge between Canada and the U.S. was opened.

1944: After two years hiding in an Amsterdam back room, Anne Frank, her sister, her parents and four other Jews were discovered by the Gestapo (a German abbreviation for "The State Police"). The diary she kept was found after the war, published in over 30 languages and turned into a play and film.

1944: Royal Air Force pilot T. D. Dean became the first pilot to destroy a German V-1 "buzz bomb" (similar to a modern-day cruise missile) when he tipped the pilotless craft's wing, sending it off course.

1954: Britain's first supersonic fighter plane, the English Electric Lightning P-1, made its maiden flight.

1964: The U.S. warship Maddox reportedly clashed with North Vietnamese gunboats in the Gulf Of Tonkin, in North Vietnamese waters off the coast of North Vietnam, resulting in President Johnson ordering the first bombing of North Vietnam in the Vietnam civil war (Vietnam had been divided into north and south by colonial France in the 1950s). Later historians and investigators questioned whether the incident, and a similar reported incident later (called by some the "ghost" attack because there may have been no North Vietnamese coastal defense ships at all present the second time) actually happened, or whether it was merely a false or provoked excuse to begin bombing North Vietnam.

1997: The world's oldest person, Jeanne Calment, died aged 122 years and 164 days in Arles, France.





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Copyright © Wayne Blank