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Saturday, August 4 2012
Israel In History and Prophecy: Kingdom Of Judah
"All the house of Judah, with the tribe of Benjamin ... to fight against the house of Israel"
Israel was divided into "Israel" and "Judah" (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Israel and Judah) because of the gross idolatry of King Solomon (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Solomon). The actual split came at the beginning of the reign of Solomon's son Rehoboam - the third, and last king of the united kingdom of Israel (i.e. David, Solomon, Rehoboam; see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Civil War and Israel In History and Prophecy: King David).
"12:12 So Jeroboam [Jeroboam later became the first king of Israel, the northern ten tribes; see Jeroboam Of Israel] and all the people came to Rehoboam the third day, as the king had appointed, saying, Come to me again the third day. 12:13 And the king answered the people roughly [see Rehoboam's Answer], and forsook the old men's counsel that they gave him; 12:14 And spake to them after the counsel of the young men, saying, My father made your yoke heavy, and I will add to your yoke: my father also chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions. 12:15 Wherefore the king hearkened not unto the people; for the cause was from the LORD, that he might perform his saying, which the LORD spake by Ahijah the Shilonite unto Jeroboam the son of Nebat.
The northern ten tribes (minus the northern Levites; see No Levites In The Lost Ten Tribes?) became the kingdom of Israel (and later, the "lost ten tribes of Israel"; see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Lost Ten Tribes), while the kingdom of Judah consisted of, along with the Levites, the tribes of Judah and Benjamin - both of whom had tribal territory bordering on Jerusalem (plus the first king of all of Israel, Saul, was of Benjamin; see Israel In History and Prophecy: Saul and David and Israel In History and Prophecy: The Civil War).
"12:21 And when Rehoboam was come to Jerusalem, he assembled all the house of Judah, with the tribe of Benjamin [see also Was Paul A Jew or a Benjamite?], an hundred and fourscore thousand chosen men, which were warriors, to fight against the house of Israel, to bring the kingdom again to Rehoboam the son of Solomon.
The Kingdom Of Judah
The kingdom of Israel, under Solomon, was divided because of idolatry (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Solomon). The separated kingdom of Israel was destroyed by 721 BC because of idolatry (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Lost Ten Tribes). The separated kingdom of Judah would also be destroyed because of idolatry. Judah lasted until 586 BC before the LORD had the Babylonians conquer and exile them (as we will cover in a subsequent study in this series), but notice how any good kings that Judah had were judged righteous because of their pulling the kingdom out of idolatry. Example, King Hezekiah:
"18:1 Now it came to pass in the third year of Hoshea son of Elah king of Israel, that Hezekiah [see Hezekiah Of Judah] the son of Ahaz king of Judah began to reign. 18:2 Twenty and five years old was he when he began to reign; and he reigned twenty and nine years in Jerusalem. His mother's name also was Abi, the daughter of Zachariah. 18:3 And he did that which was right in the sight of the LORD, according to all that David his father did. 18:4 He removed the high places, and brake the images, and cut down the groves, and brake in pieces the brazen serpent that Moses had made: for unto those days the children of Israel did burn incense to it: and he called it Nehushtan.
So too, righteous King Josiah (see Josiah of Judah), pulled Judah out of idolatry, until it fell back into it during the reigns of later kings. It was a downward spiral that would produce their Babylonian Exile - the subject of our next study.
"23:1 And the king sent, and they gathered unto him all the elders [see What Did The Elders Of Israel Do?] of Judah and of Jerusalem. 23:2 And the king went up into the house of the LORD, and all the men of Judah and all the inhabitants of Jerusalem with him, and the priests [see The Origin Of The Levite Priesthood], and the prophets, and all the people, both small and great: and he read in their ears all the words of the book of the covenant which was found in the house of the LORD. 23:3 And the king stood by a pillar, and made a covenant before the LORD, to walk after the LORD, and to keep his commandments and his testimonies and his statutes with all their heart and all their soul [see also What Does The Bible Really Say About Your Soul?], to perform the words of this covenant that were written in this book. And all the people stood to the covenant.
Fact Finder: (a) Who were the kings of Judah and Israel? (b) What is a "dynasty"? How many dynasties were there in Judah and Israel? (c) Where is the Messianic ancestry found, in Judah or Israel?
This Day In History, August 4
1060: Henry I of France died and was succeeded by Philip I.
1265: King Henry III put down a revolt of English barons lead by Simon de Montfort.
1521: Pope Urban VII was born as Giambattista Castagna. He was elected Pope in September 1590, but died of malaria before his coronation.
1578: A crusade against the Moors of Morocco was routed at the Battle of Alcazar-el-Kebir (see also Thursday October 27 2011 - Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy).
1586: A plot to kill Queen Elizabeth I was discovered. Anthony Babington, supporter of Mary, Queen of Scots, planned to kill Elizabeth and her ministers and assume power with the aid of English Roman Catholics and Spanish soldiers. Babington and others were executed for high treason.
1704: During the War of the Spanish Succession, a joint Anglo-Dutch force attacked and captured Gibraltar.
1914: Germany invaded Belgium, causing Britain to declare war on Germany. By midnight of that day, 5 empires had entered the First World War: the Austro-Hungarian empire against Serbia; the German empire against France, Britain and Russia; the Russian empire against Germany and Austria-Hungary; the British and French empires against Germany. Many believed that the war would be "over by Christmas" (listen also to our Sermon The European World Wars).
1916: Denmark agreed to cede the Danish West Indies, including the Virgin Islands, to the United States for $25 million. The deal took effect the following March 31.
1927: The Peace Bridge between Canada and the U.S. was opened.
1944: After two years hiding in an Amsterdam back room, Anne Frank, her sister, her parents and four other Jews were discovered by the Gestapo (a German abbreviation for "The State Police"). The diary she kept was found after the war, published in over 30 languages and turned into a play and film.
1944: Royal Air Force pilot T. D. Dean became the first pilot to destroy a German V-1 "buzz bomb" (similar to a modern-day cruise missile) when he tipped the pilotless craft's wing, sending it off course.
1954: Britain's first supersonic fighter plane, the English Electric Lightning P-1, made its maiden flight.
1964: The U.S. warship Maddox reportedly clashed with North Vietnamese gunboats in the Gulf Of Tonkin, in North Vietnamese waters off the coast of North Vietnam, resulting in President Johnson ordering the first bombing of North Vietnam in the Vietnam civil war (Vietnam had been divided into north and south by colonial France in the 1950s). Later historians and investigators questioned whether the incident, and a similar reported incident later (called by some the "ghost" attack because there may have been no North Vietnamese coastal defense ships at all present the second time) actually happened, or whether it was merely a false or provoked excuse to begin bombing North Vietnam.
1997: The world's oldest person, Jeanne Calment, died aged 122 years and 164 days in Arles, France.