Tuesday, August 21 2012
Israel In History and Prophecy: Israel Of Judah
All Jews Are Israelites, Not All Israelites Are Jews
In order to understand the point of why this study is entitled "Israel Of Judah," in referring to the present-day state of Israel, one must understand who Israel and Judah actually were, who the people of Israel and Judah actually were, who composed the kingdoms of Israel and Judah, and what happened to them as a matter of their nation and their religion.
- Abraham (see the series of studies beginning with A Biography Of Abraham: The Genealogy Of Abram) had a son named Isaac (see A Biography Of Abraham: Isaac). Isaac had a son named Jacob (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Roots and Branches).
- The LORD (i.e. Jesus Christ; see Who Is The LORD?) changed Jacob's name to "Israel" (see Where Jacob Became Israel).
- Jacob / Israel had twelve sons, just one of which was Judah, or "Jew" ("Jew" is merely an abbreviation of Judah): Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, Dan, Joseph, Benjamin, Naphtali, Gad, and Asher (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Jacob's Family). The children of Jacob / Israel were the first generation of Israelites. Further generations of Israelites were born from that time on.
- Each of the sons of Jacob / Israel became a founding patriarch of a tribe of Israelites e.g. from Reuben came the Reubenites, from Levi came the Levites, from Judah came the "Jews" (see Who Were The First Jews?).
- When the Israelites entered the Promised Land in the time of Joshua, each tribe of Israel was given its own territory within Israel (just as Canada is divided into Provinces, or the U.S. is divided into States). Israel remained a single confederation of individual tribes through the era of Joshua and the Judges (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Joshua, Israel In History and Prophecy: The Judges and Israel In History and Prophecy: Samuel) and then became a single kingdom during the time of King David and his son and successor King Solomon (see Israel In History and Prophecy: King David and Israel In History and Prophecy: Solomon).
- In the time of Solomon's son and successor King Rehoboam, the LORD divided Israel into two separate and politically independent kingdoms - the northern, and across the Jordan River eastern ten tribes, were the Kingdom of Israel (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Israel and Judah), while in the south, the tribes of Judah, Benjamin and Levi were the Kingdom of Judah (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Kingdom Of Judah). Israel and Judah were never again united, to this day, politically, or religiously.
- By 721 BC, the LORD had the Kingdom of Israel conquered by, and taken into exile to, Assyria. The "lost ten tribes" never returned (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Lost Ten Tribes).
- By 586 BC, the LORD had the Kingdom of Judah conquered by, and taken into exile to, Babylon (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Back To Babylon). The people of the Kingdom of Judah, known then by the national abbreviation "Jews" (regardless of whether they were of the tribe of Judah, Benjamin or Levi, while retaining their tribal identity at the same time; see Israel In History and Prophecy: Jews and Was Paul A Jew or a Benjamite?) did return, after seventy years, as the LORD had declared in prophecy before they had left (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Prophets and Jeremiah's Letter To Babylon). From the time of the return, the Jews created their religion of "Judaism" - although based on what the LORD gave to all of Israel in the Sinai, Judaism added practices and observances that the "lost ten tribes" never knew or practiced; Moses would not recognize much of what is practiced in Judaism (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Judaism; see also A Biography Of Abraham: Abrahamic Religions).
- The people of Judah were once again exiled after repeated rebellions against the Romans in the first and second centuries AD (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Zealots and Israel In History and Prophecy: Aelia Capitolina), after which the Church of Rome and Islam occupied the land of Israel (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Rome and Islam). Beginning after the First World War, as enabled by Britain (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Balfour Declaration), the people of the kingdom of Judah (as explained above) began a return home. By 1948, the present day state of "Israel" was declared by the people of Judah. While it is called Israel, and while, as explained, Jews are Israelites, the actual political nation of Israel, the "lost ten tribes" has not yet returned. The State of Israel today is actually a restoration of the Kingdom of Judah, as existed after the division of Israel into "Israel" and "Judah" (see Kings of Israel and Judah), not of the united kingdom of Israel, as ruled by King David.
"The State Of Israel will be open for Jewish immigration"
On May 14 1948, prior to the expiration (and completion) of the British Mandate that would almost certainly have restored the far-greater Biblical borders for all of the tribes of Israel (see the map of the "British Mandate" in the study Why East And West Manasseh?), the impatient people of Judah declared their independence. The text, as read by David Ben-Gurion, who became the first Prime Minister (a political term used in a monarchy - but their King is yet to come) is shown below (translated from the Hebrew). Note Mr. Ben-Gurion's profound statements that it was a country created by and for the people of Judah, to be known as Israel. Judah began of Israel; "Israel" today is of Judah (imagine if Ontario called itself all of Canada, or if Texas called itself all of the U.S. - not as a matter of territory, but as a matter of identity).
"ERETZ-ISRAEL [(Hebrew) - the Land of Israel, Palestine] was the birthplace of the Jewish people. Here their spiritual, religious and political identity was shaped. Here they first attained to statehood, created cultural values of national and universal significance and gave to the world the eternal Book of Books.
After being forcibly exiled from their land, the people kept faith with it throughout their Dispersion and never ceased to pray and hope for their return to it and for the restoration in it of their political freedom.
Impelled by this historic and traditional attachment, Jews strove in every successive generation to re-establish themselves in their ancient homeland. In recent decades they returned in their masses. Pioneers, ma'pilim [(Hebrew) - immigrants coming to Eretz-Israel in defiance of restrictive legislation] and defenders, they made deserts bloom, revived the Hebrew language, built villages and towns, and created a thriving community controlling its own economy and culture, loving peace but knowing how to defend itself, bringing the blessings of progress to all the country's inhabitants, and aspiring towards independent nationhood.
In the year 5657 (1897), at the summons of the spiritual father of the Jewish State, Theodore Herzl, the First Zionist Congress convened and proclaimed the right of the Jewish people to national rebirth in its own country.
This right was recognized in the Balfour Declaration of the 2nd November, 1917, and re-affirmed in the Mandate of the League of Nations which, in particular, gave international sanction to the historic connection between the Jewish people and Eretz-Israel and to the right of the Jewish people to rebuild its National Home.
The catastrophe which recently befell the Jewish people - the massacre of millions of Jews in Europe - was another clear demonstration of the urgency of solving the problem of its homelessness by re-establishing in Eretz-Israel the Jewish State, which would open the gates of the homeland wide to every Jew and confer upon the Jewish people the status of a fully privileged member of the comity of nations.
Survivors of the Nazi holocaust in Europe, as well as Jews from other parts of the world, continued to migrate to Eretz-Israel, undaunted by difficulties, restrictions and dangers, and never ceased to assert their right to a life of dignity, freedom and honest toil in their national homeland.
In the Second World War, the Jewish community of this country contributed its full share to the struggle of the freedom- and peace-loving nations against the forces of Nazi wickedness and, by the blood of its soldiers and its war effort, gained the right to be reckoned among the peoples who founded the United Nations.
On the 29th November, 1947, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution calling for the establishment of a Jewish State in Eretz-Israel; the General Assembly required the inhabitants of Eretz-Israel to take such steps as were necessary on their part for the implementation of that resolution. This recognition by the United Nations of the right of the Jewish people to establish their State is irrevocable.
This right is the natural right of the Jewish people to be masters of their own fate, like all other nations, in their own sovereign State.
ACCORDINGLY WE, MEMBERS OF THE PEOPLE'S COUNCIL, REPRESENTATIVES OF THE JEWISH COMMUNITY OF ERETZ-ISRAEL AND OF THE ZIONIST MOVEMENT, ARE HERE ASSEMBLED ON THE DAY OF THE TERMINATION OF THE BRITISH MANDATE OVER ERETZ-ISRAEL AND, BY VIRTUE OF OUR NATURAL AND HISTORIC RIGHT AND ON THE STRENGTH OF THE RESOLUTION OF THE UNITED NATIONS GENERAL ASSEMBLY, HEREBY DECLARE THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A JEWISH STATE IN ERETZ-ISRAEL, TO BE KNOWN AS THE STATE OF ISRAEL.
WE DECLARE that, with effect from the moment of the termination of the Mandate being tonight, the eve of Sabbath, the 6th Iyar, 5708 (15th May, 1948), until the establishment of the elected, regular authorities of the State in accordance with the Constitution which shall be adopted by the Elected Constituent Assembly not later than the 1st October 1948, the People's Council shall act as a Provisional Council of State, and its executive organ, the People's Administration, shall be the Provisional Government of the Jewish State, to be called "Israel".
THE STATE OF ISRAEL will be open for Jewish immigration and for the Ingathering of the Exiles; it will foster the development of the country for the benefit of all its inhabitants; it will be based on freedom, justice and peace as envisaged by the prophets of Israel; it will ensure complete equality of social and political rights to all its inhabitants irrespective of religion, race or sex; it will guarantee freedom of religion, conscience, language, education and culture; it will safeguard the Holy Places of all religions; and it will be faithful to the principles of the Charter of the United Nations.
THE STATE OF ISRAEL is prepared to cooperate with the agencies and representatives of the United Nations in implementing the resolution of the General Assembly of the 29th November, 1947, and will take steps to bring about the economic union of the whole of Eretz-Israel.
WE APPEAL to the United Nations to assist the Jewish people in the building-up of its State and to receive the State of Israel into the comity of nations.
WE APPEAL - in the very midst of the onslaught launched against us now for months - to the Arab inhabitants of the State of Israel to preserve peace and participate in the upbuilding of the State on the basis of full and equal citizenship and due representation in all its provisional and permanent institutions.
WE EXTEND our hand to all neighbouring states and their peoples in an offer of peace and good neighbourliness, and appeal to them to establish bonds of cooperation and mutual help with the sovereign Jewish people settled in its own land. The State of Israel is prepared to do its share in a common effort for the advancement of the entire Middle East.
WE APPEAL to the Jewish people throughout the Diaspora to rally round the Jews of Eretz-Israel in the tasks of immigration and upbuilding and to stand by them in the great struggle for the realization of the age-old dream - the redemption of Israel.
PLACING OUR TRUST IN THE "ROCK OF ISRAEL", WE AFFIX OUR SIGNATURES TO THIS PROCLAMATION AT THIS SESSION OF THE PROVISIONAL COUNCIL OF STATE, ON THE SOIL OF THE HOMELAND, IN THE CITY OF TEL-AVIV, ON THIS SABBATH EVE, THE 5TH DAY OF IYAR, 5708 (14TH MAY,1948).
Yitzchak Ben Zvi
Rabbi Wolf Gold
Dr. Abraham Granovsky
Rabbi Kalman Kahana
Rabbi Yitzchak Meir Levin
Meir David Loewenstein
Rabbi Yehuda Leib Hacohen Fishman
David Zvi Pinkas
Ben Zion Sternberg
Fact Finder: When are Israel and Judah going to be re-united?
See The Gathering of Israel and Judah and The Church In The Kingdom Of God
This Day In History, August 21
1129: The warrior Yoritomo was made Shogun without equal in Japan.
1745: Czar Peter III of Russia married Catherine the Great.
1794: France surrendered the island of Corsica to the British.
1808: Napoleon Bonaparte's General Junot was defeated by Wellington at the first Battle of the Peninsular War at Vimiero, Spain.
1810: Jean-Baptsite Bernadotte, one of Napoleon's generals, was elected crown prince of Norway and Sweden. He ascended the throne 8 years later as Charles XIV. He founded the present royal house of Sweden.
1911: Leonardo da Vinci's painting of the Mona Lisa was stolen from the Louvre in Paris. It was recovered in 1913.
1940: Leon Trotsky, 61, one of the leaders of the Russian Revolution, was killed by an assassin wielding an ice pick.
1944: Representatives of the U.S., Britain, Russia and China met at Dumbarton Oaks near Washington to plan for the formation of the United Nations.
1950: The United Nations building in New York opened.
1982: Thousands of Palestinians were evacuated from Lebanon in response to Israel's invasion on June 6 (years later, terrorist leader Osama bin Laden declared that he got the idea for the 9-11 attacks on the World Trade Center towers in New York from his seeing US-made Israeli Air Force F-16s bombing high-rise buildings in Lebanon).
1983: Philippines opposition leader Benign Aquino was assassinated in Manila minutes after returning from 3 years of exile in the U.S. The assassination led to the 1986 collapse of the Marcos regime, and the subsequent election of Aquino's widow, Corazon, as president.
1990: The first pictures from Venus by the space probe Magellan showed features similar to volcanoes and valleys on Earth.
1990: British conservationist George Adamson, best known for his work which was documented in the film "Born Free," was murdered by bandits in Kenya.
1991: Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev regained control after a 3-day failed coup by Communist hardliners.