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Sunday, October 28 2012
Moses And Zipporah
Although an Israelite of the tribe of Levi (see Are Levites 'Jews'?), Moses lived from infancy to adulthood in the palace of the Pharaoh (see The River Of Moses). That all changed one day, when Moses defended the life of a Hebrew.
"2:11 And it came to pass in those days, when Moses [see Israel In History and Prophecy: Moses] was grown, that he went out unto his brethren [see Why Did They Go To Goshen?], and looked on their burdens: and he spied an Egyptian smiting an Hebrew, one of his brethren. 2:12 And he looked this way and that way, and when he saw that there was no man, he slew the Egyptian, and hid him in the sand.
The people of Midian were descendants of Abraham through his wife Keturah (Genesis 25:1-2). As such, Israelites and Midianites were distant cousins (see Abraham's Seed: From The Nile To The Euphrates). To Moses, they would have been Bedouins of the Sinai ("Bedouin" is an Arabic word meaning those in the desert), while to them Moses was "an Egyptian." As a practical matter that benefited everyone (Moses was an all-alone strong and righteous man, while Jethro had seven daughters), Moses married a daughter of Jethro, Zipporah. Their firstborn son was named Gershom, which was also the same of a Levite ancestor of Moses - the firstborn son of Levi himself (1 Chronicles 6:16).
"2:16 Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters: and they came and drew water [see Desert Waters], and filled the troughs to water their father's flock. 2:17 And the shepherds came and drove them away: but Moses stood up and helped them, and watered their flock.
When the time came that the LORD called Moses to return to Egypt for the deliverance of the Israelites, Moses began the journey with his wife and sons.
"4:18 And Moses went and returned to Jethro his father in law, and said unto him, Let me go, I pray thee, and return unto my brethren which are in Egypt, and see whether they be yet alive.
Zipporah's circumcision of her son has been long debated - even of who the "him" was that the LORD was going to kill. Was it Moses, or was it his uncircumcised son?
Moses was born as an Israelite. Moses was circumcised, as were all of the native-born Israelites. Despite their four centuries in Egypt, the Israelites never lost the original purpose of circumcision, for them, for that time (see Circumcision), as was about to be made obvious at the soon to occur Passover:
"12:48 And when a stranger shall sojourn with thee, and will keep the passover to the LORD [see Israel In History and Prophecy: Passover], let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and keep it; and he shall be as one that is born in the land: for no uncircumcised person shall eat thereof." (Exodus 12:48 KJV)
The LORD commanded Moses to return to Egypt, not his entire family; there was no need for his family to go because Moses was going to return to where they were already living. It was Moses' firstborn son who was about to be killed, not only because he would not have been permitted to be included in the Passover observance, and therefore survived the death of the firstborn throughout all of Egypt, but because he was already in a state of being cut off from his people. The circumcision saved his life on both counts. Zipporah's act had purpose.
"17:14 And the uncircumcised man child whose flesh of his foreskin is not circumcised, that soul [see What Does The Bible Really Say About Your Soul?] shall be cut off from his people; he hath broken my covenant." (Genesis 17:14 KJV)
Moses then sent Zipporah and the children back to Jethro ("Jethro, Moses' father in law, took Zipporah, Moses' wife, after he had sent her back"), where they remained until after the Exodus.
"18:1 When Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses' father in law, heard of all that God had done for Moses, and for Israel his people, and that the LORD had brought Israel out of Egypt;
When Moses returned with the Israelites, to Mount Sinai (where Moses saw the famous "burning bush" while tending Jethro's sheep), the family was reunited. Gershom and Eliezer were thereafter counted as Israelites, specifically Levites (as we will read below).
"18:5 And Jethro, Moses' father in law, came with his sons and his wife unto Moses into the wilderness, where he encamped at the mount of God: 18:6 And he said unto Moses, I thy father in law Jethro am come unto thee, and thy wife, and her two sons with her." (Exodus 18:5-6 KJV)
Jethro remained with the Israelites in the Sinai.
"18:7 And Moses went out to meet his father in law, and did obeisance, and kissed him; and they asked each other of their welfare; and they came into the tent. 18:8 And Moses told his father in law all that the LORD had done unto Pharaoh and to the Egyptians for Israel's sake, and all the travail that had come upon them by the way, and how the LORD delivered them.
Later, in the time of King David, the Levites were "divided into courses among the sons of Levi, namely, Gershon, Kohath, and Merari" (i.e. the Gershon there being the son of Levi, not the son of Moses).
"23:1 So when David was old and full of days, he made Solomon his son king over Israel.
Within that genealogical record we find that Moses had only two sons, both with Zipporah, Gershom, and Eliezer. They had a number of grandsons, "Of the sons of Gershom, Shebuel was the chief" and "the sons of Eliezer were, Rehabiah the chief. And Eliezer had none other sons; but the sons of Rehabiah were very many."
"23:12 The sons of Kohath; Amram, Izhar, Hebron, and Uzziel, four.
Fact Finder: How is it that Aaron, the brother of Moses was a Levite priest, while Moses, although also a Levite, was not a priest?
This Day In History, October 28
97: Roman Emperor Nerva was forced by the Praetorian Guard (the Emperor's bodyguards) to adopt General Marcus Ulpius Trajanus as his heir and successor (see The Politics Of Rome and A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars).
312: Over the previous 24 hours, the Battle of Mulvian (or Milvian) Bridge over the Tiber River near Rome was fought. Constantine the Great defeated the forces of Maxentius to become the sole ruler of the western Roman empire. Prior to the battle, Constantine claimed to have seen a vision of a cross (Christ was not crucified on a Latin cross - see Crossing The T) in the sky with the words "In Hoc Signo Vinces" ("In this sign conquer"). After the victory, he nominally converted to Christianity, and was largely involved in the Romans' change from God's true and only Sabbath to the old Babylonian pagan "sun day" (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy and Why Observe The True Sabbath?).
900: King Alfred the Great of England died.
969: After a prolonged siege, Byzantine forces ended 300 years of Arab rule in Antioch.
1216: King Henry III of England was crowned.
1492: Christopher Columbus claimed Cuba for Spain. Contrary to propaganda myths, Columbus, an Italian, who was working for the king and queen of Spain, claimed land in the "new world" as colonies of the "old world" - Columbus had no intention of those lands ever being anything more than colonies of Spain. Nor was Columbus the first to discover the continent of North America; the Vikings of Scandinavia left behind physical proof of their being there centuries before Columbus (see also Thanksgiving In History and Prophecy).
1628: After being besieged for months the Huguenots at La Rochelle capitulated to troops of the French crown under Cardinal Michelieu.
1636: English colonists of the Massachusetts Bay Colony founded a college at Cambridge, Massachusetts. It is known today as Harvard University.
1664: The Duke of York and Albany's Maritime Regiment of Foot, later to be known as the Royal Marines, was established.
1746: The Peruvian cities of Lima and Callao were destroyed by an earthquake, at least 18,000 killed.
1870: In the Franco-Prussian War, Strasbourg surrendered to Prussian forces.
1886: The Statue of Liberty was dedicated by President Grover Cleveland. While most are aware that it was a gift from the Roman-Catholic people and government of France, very few are aware that the Statue of Liberty was a deliberate, as stated by its builders, reproduction of the ancient Roman goddess Libertas, idol-worshipping Rome's "goddess of freedom." A 2,000 year-old Roman coin from 42 BC, from the era of the birth of the Roman Empire, seen below, shows Libertas (including the idol's name, the Latin Libertas, in English meaning "Lady Liberty" right on the coin); the face and the crown are identical to the Statue of Liberty.
1891: An earthquake struck the Niphon Islands in Japan, killed 10,000 people and left 300,000 homeless.
1918: The Czechoslovak state came into being when the Prague national committee took over land upon the dissolution of Austria-Hungary.
1922: Fascist "Blackshirts" began a march on Rome which led 2 days later to a formation of an Italian government under Benito Mussolini.
1948: The modern-day national flag of "Israel" was adopted (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Israel Of Judah).
1958: Cardinal Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli, patriarch of Venice, was elected as Pope John XXIII.
1971: By a vote of 356-244 the British House of Commons voted to join the European Economic Community, the forerunner of the end-time European Union (see Ein Volk! Ein Reich! Ein Euro!).
1985: Sandinista rebel Daniel Ortega became President of Nicaragua.
2007: Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner became the first woman to be elected President of Argentina.